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What is Glucose in the Urine?

Cats exhibiting symptoms such as excessive thirst should be brought to a veterinarian for examination. All cats should receive an annual wellness check with routine blood and urine tests. This will help to facilitate the early detection of common medical conditions such as the presence of glucose in the urine. Early diagnosis and treatment is often the key to a positive prognosis.

Glucose in the urine, also called glucosuria or glycosuria often indicates the presence of a more serious condition that can potentially be life-threatening if left untreated. Glucosuria is easily detected using a test strip that is dipped into a urine sample. Measurable amounts of glucose are not found in the urine of healthy cats. If glucose is detected, further diagnosis and medical treatment will be necessary.

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Glucose in the Urine Average Cost

From 382 quotes ranging from $200 - $3,000

Average Cost

$1,200

Symptoms of Glucose in the Urine in Cats

Symptoms of glucosuria will vary depending on the underlying cause. Affected cats may display one or more of the following:

  • Diluted urine
  • Renal failure
  • Urinary tract disease
  • Increased thirst
  • Excessive drinking
  • Increased appetite and weight loss (when diabetes is present)
  • Decreased appetite and lethargy (when pancreatitis is present)

Types

  • Hyperglycemic glucosuria occurs when there are abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood. It is sub-categorized as either transient (temporary) or persistent (resulting from ongoing disease).
  • Normoglycemic glucosuria occurs when glucose is found in the urine without the presence of excess amounts in the blood. It is sub-categorized as either congenital (present at birth) or acquired. 
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Causes of Glucose in the Urine in Cats

The primary cause of glucosuria is a kidney disorder secondary to diabetes mellitus. Other causes vary depending on the subcategory of the condition.

Transient Hyperglycemic Glucosuria

  • Extreme stress
  • Adverse drug reaction

Persistent hyperglycemic glucosuria

  • Systemic disease
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Overactive adrenal gland
  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Lesions on the brain, spine, or other areas of central nervous system
  • Tumor on the adrenal gland
  • Growth hormone disorder
  • Sepsis (bacterial infection in blood)
  • Chronic liver failure
  • Exposure to heavy metal poisons and certain chemicals or drugs

Normoglycemic glucosuria

  • Birth defect
  • Acute kidney failure
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Diagnosis of Glucose in the Urine in Cats

The presence of glucose in the urine is easily detected by dipping a test strip into a urine sample. The challenge lies in diagnosing the underlying cause of the condition so that it can be properly treated. The veterinarian will begin by reviewing the cat’s full medical history and discussing the onset of current symptoms. A physical exam will be completed and lab tests ordered, including complete blood count (CBC), biochemistry, electrolyte profile and urinalysis.

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Treatment of Glucose in the Urine in Cats

Treatment recommendations depend on the underlying cause of the condition.

Urinary Tract Infection

When a urinary tract infection is present, an antibiotic will be prescribed. The specific type of antibiotic used will depend on the result of a bacterial culture.

Drug Interactions or Toxicity

If it is determined that drugs are the cause of the condition, they should be immediately discontinued and replaced with a substitute. A veterinarian should always be consulted prior to making any changes regarding the use of prescription medications. Cats should be kept away from other toxic substances that may be contributing to the presence of glucose in the urine. When a cat is suffering from toxicity, hospitalization and intensive treatment will be required.

Diabetes

Diabetes can be managed using prescription medications. Dietary changes are often recommended and insulin may be need to regulate blood sugar levels. 

Pancreatitis

Treatment of pancreatitis generally requires hospitalization. It may be necessary to use a feeding tube to ensure that the affected cat is receiving adequate nutrition.

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Recovery of Glucose in the Urine in Cats

Cats with glucose in the urine will need frequent follow-up appointments with a veterinarian and glucose testing will be required on a regular basis. It is likely that the vet will recommend a specific diet and the use of vitamin and mineral supplements. Owners will need to closely observe their cats and report any symptoms or changes in behavior to the veterinary team. It is important to attend all follow-up appointments, even if the cat appears to have returned to normal. 

For cats that have been diagnosed with pancreatitis, the outlook is guarded as survival rates depend on the severity of the disorder and owner’s ability to provide necessary treatment.

When diabetes has been diagnosed, medications will need to be closely monitored and it is likely that periodic adjustments will be needed. Owners should observe the cat’s eating and drinking habits and urine output. It is important that the cat is fed on a consistent schedule to maintain blood sugar levels. It is possible for diabetes treatment to result in hypoglycemia, a condition that occurs when the blood sugar drops to dangerously low levels. Regular testing will be necessary to ensure that blood sugar remains at appropriate levels. With proper treatment, diabetic cats can enjoy a healthy life for many years.

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Glucose in the Urine Average Cost

From 382 quotes ranging from $200 - $3,000

Average Cost

$1,200

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Glucose in the Urine Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

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Kitty

dog-breed-icon

tabby

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16 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Serious severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Serious severity

Has Symptoms

Gloucose Not In Urine
Struggling To Walk
Faeces Dry
Shallow Rapid Breathing
Arthrytis
Gloucose In Blood

Hi my cat is 16 years old, not been eating or drinking for 3 days. Not moving much ,shallow breathing, she suffers from arthrytis. Blood and urine tests today show gloucose in blood but none in urine, any ideas? Thanks Jennie

July 13, 2018

Kitty's Owner

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0 Recommendations

It really depends on the levels of blood glucose and fructosamine, elevated blood glucose may be stress induced so it is important to make the distinction whether it is an actual pathological increase or physiological one. A loss of appetite, lethargy, shallow breathing are all non-specific symptoms which may be attributable to various conditions (especially at her age) and the blood glucose may not be a relevant finding. Monitor Kitty and follow up with your Veterinarian if there is no improvement. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

July 14, 2018

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Weasley

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domestic short hair

dog-age-icon

2 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Urinating Outside Litterbox

My 2 year old domestic short hair ginger tabby female had 1000 glycosuria yesterday at vet and also on the UA showed "suspected presence of coco bacteria" but vet just thinks she has diabetes and not a uti. I know high glucose levels in urine can cause a uti, could she have both? Waiting for consult tomorrow evening.

June 27, 2018

Weasley's Owner

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0 Recommendations

Indeed, once the blood glucose levels reach a certain level, we’ll be expecting to see glucose in the urine too; urinary tract infections may occur but that would need to be confirmed by your Veterinarian before any treatment may begin. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

June 28, 2018

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Glucose in the Urine Average Cost

From 382 quotes ranging from $200 - $3,000

Average Cost

$1,200

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