Kidney Stones Average Cost

From 369 quotes ranging from $200 - 5,000

Average Cost

$1,000

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What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones don't typically present symptoms until they grow large, irritating the kidney ducts and potentially causing a serious infection or obstruction. Male cats and domestic Shorthairs are more likely to develop kidney stones than females and other breeds of cats.

The kidneys are responsible for filtering the blood, removing wastes such as mineral salts, urea, and toxins, and excreting these filtered wastes with water in the form of urine. Some of these wastes that are normally excreted by the kidneys aren't completely soluble and remain in the kidneys, forming crystals or renal calculi. Over time, these crystals can form stones, known as nephroliths, and cause a condition known as nephrolithiasis.

Symptoms of Kidney Stones in Cats

Small kidney stones often don't present symptoms and only become detected during a diagnostic test for another medical issue. Once kidney stones grow, however, they may cause the following symptoms:

  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Bloody urine
  • Painful urination that is difficult to pass
  • Abdominal pain
  • Frequent urinary tract infection
  • Frequent urination that only produces a small amount of urine

Causes of Kidney Stones in Cats

There are approximately ten different types of minerals that can form stones. Each type of kidney stone can be attributed to different causes. Some of these causes include:

  • Underlying kidney infection
  • Underlying urinary tract or bladder infection
  • Increased calcium levels in blood and urine
  • Supplements or diets that produce urine with a high alkaline pH
  • Genetic defects
  • Dehydration
  • Urinary retention
  • Certain medications
  • Certain concurrent illnesses or conditions

Diagnosis of Kidney Stones in Cats

The veterinarian will need to know the cat's complete health history, which will include a list of symptoms, any recent illnesses or urinary tract infections, and any recent changes to the cat's diet. The veterinarian will physically examine the cat and draw several labs, which will include a complete blood count, a biochemical profile, a urinalysis, and a bacterial urine culture. These tests can indicate any other organ systems that are being affected, other concurring illnesses or conditions, the presence of a urinary tract infection, and the type of bacteria that is present in the urine.

X-rays and ultrasounds will also be done. These tests can show the presence of stones in the kidneys. In order to correctly identify the stones, a procedure called extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) may be performed. During this noninvasive procedure, shock waves will be used to break up the stones, allowing pieces to be removed from the urinary tract and identified. Identifying the minerals in the stones can help determine the best treatment for the cat.

Treatment of Kidney Stones in Cats

Medication

If the kidney stones aren't obstructing the flow of urine, the cat may be prescribed medication in order to dissolve the stones, allowing them to pass from the cat via the urine. The urine culture will identify any bacteria present in the urine and an appropriate antibiotic will be determined and prescribed in order to treat cats with urinary tract infections. Medication for pain will also be given to the cat in order to reduce their pain levels while treatment for the kidney stones occurs.

Fluid Therapy

Cats who are dehydrated will need to be admitted to the hospital in order to receive fluid intravenously. The veterinarian will monitor the kidneys and heart during fluid therapy to ensure the fluids are being properly received by the body.

ESWL

Stones that are obstructing the flow of urine will need to be removed promptly in order to prevent kidney failure from occurring. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is typically the first option used by veterinarians for the removal of kidney stones due to its noninvasive nature.

Surgery

If the kidney stones are posing a medical emergency and ESWL isn't effective, surgery may be needed. During surgery, the veterinarian will make a small incision into the kidneys with the guidance of an ultrasound in order to remove the stones that are obstructing the flow of urine. The incision will be closed with sutures and the cat will remain in the hospital where it will be monitored. Surgery poses the risk of infection and of causing kidney damage, so it is only used when other treatment options aren't working.

Recovery of Kidney Stones in Cats

Kidney stones tend to recur, so routine monitoring via ultrasounds will be necessary. If the cat received surgery, a follow-up appointment will be necessary in order for the veterinarian to check the incision site for infection. The veterinarian may recommend dietary changes, such as feeding the cat a diet of 50 percent wet food. These dietary changes can help reduce the cat's risk of developing kidney stones. Ensuring the cat always has a fresh supply of water can reduce the risk of dehydration and stones forming again.

Kidney Stones Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Mya
dsh
10 Years
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Seizures

One week ago my cat started having seizures. After testing her brain MRI and spinal tap are negative. Other findings were high urine protein and a kidney stone. The kidney stone in her right ureter is causing hydronephrosis of her kidney. They want to do surgery either remove stone or bypass surgery.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3317 Recommendations
If there is a urinary stone in the ureter and one kidney is becoming enlarged by hydronephrosis then surgery is indicated in this case to either remove the stone or even the kidney if necessary. Seizures wouldn’t be directly related to the urinary tract issues unless there was a decrease in overall kidney function but this would be ruled out by blood test. You should have the surgery done, discuss with your Veterinarian. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Clarissa
tabby
4 Months
Serious condition
1 found helpful
Serious condition

My mother recently got a kitten. She’s been screaming when she Urinates. We believe it’s kidney stones. We also have not much money. How do we take care of her pain without spending too much money and making sure she doesn’t get hurt?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3317 Recommendations
There are various causes for urinary difficulties in kittens which may include stone, infections, congenital issues among other causes; without examining Clarissa I cannot confirm a cause. It is important to keep her hydrated, plain Pedialyte can help with that; but ideally an examination by a Veterinarian would be best along with vaccinations too. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Whitney
Tuxedo
8 Years
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Kidney stones
Vomiting

My cat has 2 large stones she is on px food (kibble) she was responding well then vomited tonight. Before we switched food she was urinating outside the box with blood in urine. Does the vomiting show signs of flare up or something more serious is happening?

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1607 Recommendations
I'm not sure if there is more to the problem for Whitney without knowing more information, unfortunately. If she has been on the prescription food for some time and has been tolerating it, and just vomited once, you may be fine to monitor her, as cats do sometimes vomit. If the food is new, she may not be tolerating it well. If she is lethargic or not wanting to eat, or is continuing to have problems with her urine, it would be a good idea to have a recheck for her to make sure that she is continuing to do well.

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Tom
Maine Coon
10 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Fatigue
litter box issue
Fatigue low appetite relieving trouble
Fatigue low appetite

I have a 10 yr old cat that doesnt eat as much as he used to, fatigued, and whines when he needs to go in litterbox. He has
Bun31.3
Creatine 1.7
Albumin 3.4
Glucose 125
ALP 86
GGT 9
Total Bilirubin < 0.1
Sodium 152

What's your diagnoses?
Thank you

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3317 Recommendations
From the blood results given, all parameters pretty much fall within reference range apart from ALP which was well above reference range (0-45U/L - may differ between textbooks and equipment). A single increased parameter on a blood test is not specific to one single condition and fatigue as well as a loss of appetite are vague symptoms. From the increased levels of ALP there are some conditions which should be explored including bile duct obstruction, hepatic lipidosis, thyroid disorders, cancer, poisoning among other causes; an ultrasound of the liver may be the next best step. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Alex
domestic short hair
4 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Kidney stone

We are looking to adopt a kitty who was surrendered to the shelter. He is 4 years old and we have been told that he was surrender for urinating blood for 4 months. Upon arrival at the shelter it was determined that he had a large kidney stone which was removed. He just receive a clean bill of health through urinalysis and needs to return next month for one more check.

He seems to be a lovable fellow, but I looking for an honest opinion on what his future looks like and what we would need to prepare for. Is it realastic to expect that this may never be an issue again if we watch his diet and take him to the vet early if we are concerned or is it more likely that he will need surgeries in the future for more stones? I want to make sure that we would be able to afford his care and provide him with the best life possible. If we can give him the best then I would prefer for him to go to a family that can give it to him. So far the responses have been vague and that his special diet is just a preventative measure now. Thanks!

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1607 Recommendations
Kidney stones are uncommon in animals, but bladder stones are more common. If Alex had a bladder stone, it would be a good idea to find out what kind it was, as some are caused by genetics, some by diet, and some by infection. What kind of stone makes a difference to what will happen with him in the future. If it was a kidney stone, that may be a longer term concern for him.

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Tiger
Persian
3 Years
Fair condition
1 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Dripping urine

Tiger has been dripping urine, sprayed on the dresser which is unusual for him.
I took him to the vet, he has stones. The vet didn’t check his blood, urine etc...
Sold me a fifty dollar bag of food to correct his urine ph, and recommended surgery...
After doing some research today, I’m not sure of their recommendation be of the steps not taken to try to determine the stone cause, or even trying procedures to break the stones up...
I love my cat, just need some advice on how to best proceed ..
Tiger passed blood 1 year prior to this, he went to the same vet.
They gave him a shot,said it was a uti, no X-ray, ultrasound....
Should I try another vet...

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3317 Recommendations
There are different types of urinary stones and they need to be treated as differently; some types of stones form during infections, others due to pH imbalances etc… Not all urinary stones can be broken up or dissolved and many of the supplements used to dissolve different types of stones or safe in dogs but toxic to cats. If you are not happy with your current Veterinarian, it would be good to visit another Veterinarian for a second opinion to be on the safe side and put your mind at rest. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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panjang
British short hair
3 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Dripping urine

my cat has been dripping urine, which is unusual for him. I took him to the vet, he has stones. last month done surgery. but just now, he cannot urine as usual,still like dripping urine and seen blood in urine. is it may risk he can get stone again? or can u suggest me any treatment for my cat? because he dont want drink and eat

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3317 Recommendations
It is possible that Pangjang has a recurrence of urinary stones or that he has a secondary issue causing inflammation, you should return to your Veterinarian for a follow up examination to check for stones, infections among other issues affecting the urinary tract. You should ensure that Pangjang is fed a suitable diet to prevent urinary stones and any other issue is also managed. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Proton
Unknown
3 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Foaming At The Mouth
Vomiting

My male cat has been stopped up with stones 2 times now and almost died. Now my girl cat is throwing up just like he was. Does it mean she has stones too? They both are on a Rx food that is supposed to prevent them. Has thrown up for 2 days foamy throwup

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1607 Recommendations
There are many causes for cats to vomit, and urinary problems are just one of them. It isn't likely that Proton has urinary stones that are causing her to vomit, but it is possible. Since I can't see her, and she is vomiting that many times, it would be a good idea to have her seen by your veterinarian to see what might be going on with her and get treatment for her.

Only vomiting not foaming at the mouth

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Arthur
Siamese
3 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

lack of appetite

I took my cat to the veterinary this week because he was lethargic and stopped eating. They did an x-ray and ultrasound and found one stone in each kidney. The left kidney is much bigger than the right one and has the bigger stone. In the blood test, his urea was high and also other parameters. He has been taking antibiotics, painkillers and receiving intravenous fluids at the clinic during this week.He is much better but the parameters in the blood are still not in the proper range. The clinic suggested a surgery but they don't know which kidney is working. So they would open him, and plan A is to remove the stone from the left kidney. If the kidney is blocked and full of urine, they would remove the whole kidney. After the surgery, if the right kidney works, then he could recover, if not he would die. Its is a very risky operation. Are there any safer methodologies to remove the stone from the kidney? Is there any exame to study which kidney is working? When is surgery the last option? Appreciate if you can help.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3317 Recommendations
It is possible that the left kidney has its pelvis (renal pelvis) blocked by the stone and removing the stone may help with the flow of urine into the ureter; I would recommend an intravenous pyelogram which would indicate which kidney is functioning (hopefully both). After the intravenous pyelogram your Veterinarian and yourself can be more confident going forward with surgery to remove the kidney if required. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Zoellie
part persian
3 and a half years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Good Afternoon,

I took one of my four cats in to see the veterinarian concerning a litter box issue where the focus had been a blood test taken to see if there was a health issue behind all this. However, when the examination was done, the veterinarian noted the cat's reaction [muscle twitching and spasms on her back when being petted by him] and I was talked into having an x-ray taken rather than the blood test as I had originally come for. The x-ray showed a spot near the left kidney and he prescribed a pain medication due to those x-ray results and his examination of Zoellie. Other tests were mentioned by the cost was too high for the moment. She loved a treat, freeze-dried shrimp! Could this be contributing to the forma5ion of kidney stones? She is only 3 and a half years old and not middle aged or older. Any thoughts?

Regards,

Volker

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3317 Recommendations
If Zollie has kidney stone, your Veterinarian would have mentioned specifically that there are kidney stones and would have recommended dietary changes and would have taken a urine sample to determine the type of crystals present. A spot on the kidney may be due to various conditions some of which may include cancer; without an examination, urinalysis and blood tests I cannot really help narrow this down. However, you should start looking into a renal diet to reduce any stress on Zollie’s kidneys. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

My girl cat has not been to the vet lately but is doing the same thing that my male cat did when he had them. She is already on a renal diet bc her brother had to go on a renal diet and it was too hard to separate the foods

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Morkie
Bobtail
6 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Frequent Urination
freq

A week ago I took my female cat urine to the vet. She had blood in her urine, frequency of urination and litter box avoidance. They put her on medication. After a week the same symptoms occurred. I took her in yesterday, they took xrays and found a small kidney stone. They want to do surgery. Is there some other alternative? Can she possible pass it? Will she be suspectible to having more? Right now she is on a antibiotic and a small pain pill. They want to do surgery. Is there another alternative to try to dissolve this? Is the average cost 750.

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