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What is Nose and Sinus Inflammation?

The coughing, sneezing, and stuffy sensation that humans suffer from with sinuses mirror that of what a dog experiences. However, pet owners can and sometimes hold off, or simply verify with a phone call to the veterinarian, to make sure that their dogs don’t have a regular cold before categorizing those symptoms as sinus-related. They may clear up on their own. However, in certain instances, foxtail gives off the same sinus-like conditions and may prove fatal.

Bacterial infections in the nasal passages commonly incur when there has been a series of prolonged inflammation. Pet owners will notice a mucus discharge as well as prolonged sneezing episodes. During the in-office examination, the veterinarian will reference rhinitis and sinusitis, which refer to the inflammation of the nose and nasal passages.

Nose and Sinus Inflammation Average Cost

From 27 quotes ranging from $800 - $6,500

Average Cost

$1,500

Symptoms of Nose and Sinus Inflammation in Dogs

Sinus symptoms in dogs may be one of the easiest to recognize for humans, primarily because the symptoms for both groups are a lot alike. The symptoms include:

  • Coughing
  • Eyes and nose discharge
  • Fever
  • Gagging
  • Lack of an appetite
  • Loss of energy
  • Nosebleeds
  • Sneezing

Dogs may also have the possibility of headaches and sore throats although the symptoms above are more common.

Types

An infection within the sinus cavities, nose, and sinus inflammation comes as a result of bacteria entering into the nasal cavities in the head. Because there is nothing to protect the open pockets in a dog's sinus, it makes a dog especially susceptible to two types of infections - viral infections and bacterial infections - that enter through the nose.

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Causes of Nose and Sinus Inflammation in Dogs

Although sinus problems are a possibility for pets without these signs, pets who already suffer from allergies, asthma or a weak immune system may be more likely linked to nose and sinus inflammation. In certain instances, foxtail found in rural areas may be the cause of what appear to be sinus-like systems but are often deadly.

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Diagnosis of Nose and Sinus Inflammation in Dogs

Nose and sinus inflammation in dogs can be tricky, primarily due to the fact that the original symptoms appear to be a common cold. While a regular cold may clear up in a couple of days, if pet owners notice nose bleeding not related to excessive sneezing, do not underestimate it as the kind of nosebleed that happens to humans with sinuses and allergies and goes away. Fluids may not appear red. The nose could run with a clear color, gray and cloudy, or thick and green.

Pet owners should immediately take their dogs to the veterinarian for nosebleeds though because this is usually linked to a more serious issue for dogs, specifically, if discharge also comes out of the nose. Discharge could be related to a dental abscess, fungal infections or tumors. Foxtail grass, which are commonly linked to fatalities in dogs, can be ingested in the ears, eyes, genitals, nose, and feet. Foxtail may also be linked to pus in the chest cavity of dogs. Nasal mites (bugs) could also be found.

Veterinarians will perform a complete exam of the dog's eyes, nose, and breathing habits. X-rays and an endoscope may be used to examine the dog's sinus cavities and get a better look at the discharge from nosebleeds, eyes and anywhere else.

Pet owners may choose a less expensive way of diagnosing sinus infections by letting the dog undergo general palpitation of the sinuses, which applies pressure by hand to the nasal area. Headaches and discomfort will be noticeable from the dog, though.

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Treatment of Nose and Sinus Inflammation in Dogs

Immediate diagnosis is the key to how well or how soon treatment can work. Nasal mites may be the least of a dog's problems. These bugs, which enter through the nose, can be killed by a drug prescription.

Tooth infections connected to holes in the nasal area may be treated by either removing the infected tooth or by a veterinarian providing a proper teeth cleaning.

Tumors inside of the nose cannot be treated due to the structure of the nose. Tumors cannot be surgically removed, so radiation therapy is the only other option to either get rid of or slow down the growth. Anti-cancer drugs may or may not work, but are a potential suggestion to avoid tumors growing into the brain.

In the worst case scenarios that usually prove to be deadly, foxtail grass may kill a dog. If a brain tumor breaks through the dog's facial bones, it could distort its face. For the latter two issues, there is not much that could treat this. Should foxtail grass work its way into the chest, coupage — a practice of lightly pumping the area where the pus may be found — is one of few options.

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Recovery of Nose and Sinus Inflammation in Dogs

Assuming a dog has a legitimate sinus infection, and it is not a fatality-related incident from foxtails or permanent facial deformities, headaches from gentle palpitation of the sinuses shouldn't last longer than the pressure to the nasal and head area.

Prescribed medication, including antibiotics, to get rid of the sinus infection can be for a few days. The infection should only last for a week or two unless there are bigger health-related issues.

Avoid over-the-counter medication or any type of antibiotics not specifically prescribed by a veterinarian. Pet owners should also keep their dogs in warm, dry areas. Setting up a vaporizer to clear the air could expedite the healing process as well.

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Nose and Sinus Inflammation Average Cost

From 27 quotes ranging from $800 - $6,500

Average Cost

$1,500

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Nose and Sinus Inflammation Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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Ask a Vet

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Pit Bull mix

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Thirteen Years

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Unknown severity

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Sneezing, Reverse Sneezing, Congestion, Dried Blood/Mucous In Nostril, Swollen Eye Gland

Our almost-14-year-old Pit has been reverse sneezing occasionally for the last several months. Two days ago, I noticed he was licking his nose more than normal and acting like he was trying to essentially blow something out of his nose. When I looked at his nose, his one nostril was almost completely blocked with a dark colored, dry substance. I was able to get most of it out, however today it’s back again and now his bottom inside eyelid is inflamed looking - he can’t fully open his eye. I’m thinking it’s some type of sinus infection, but our vet doesn’t open until Monday

July 26, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Sara O. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Hello, So sorry to hear about your dog. From the picture it does look like an infection. The eye drains into the nose and can carry the infection from the eye to the nose and vice versa. It would be best continue cleaning this out and see your vet on Monday. You can take your dog into the bathroom when you shower so that he gets some of the steam to help open his sinuses. I hope your dog starts to feel better soon.

July 26, 2020

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English Bulldog

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Three Years

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

One Swollen Nostril

It seems overnight one of my dogs nostrils became swollen. She began making a noise similar to a human blowing their nose. There doesn't appear to be any debris in the nostril. She had a slight amount of snot in the un-inflamed nostril. Her breathing is fine. She's a healthy girl. Just want to take the best course of action right away.

July 24, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. It is difficult to say what might be going on without seeing her, unfortunately. She may have been stung by an insect, or she may have an infection or an abscess starting. If she seems to be doing fine otherwise, it may be fine to monitor her and see if it resolves over a few hours. If the problem continues, or she becomes lethargic or isn't eating, then it would probably be best to have her seen by your veterinarian, as they can examine her and see what might be causing this. I hope that all goes well for her!

July 24, 2020

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Emmy

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Brussels griffon

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2 Years

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Moderate severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Lethargy
Sneezing
Congestion
Running Nose
Clear Discharge

My Brussels Griffon, Emmy has suffered from Sinusitis for over a year. Several times this inflammation has morphed info something more serious like pneumonia, or abacterial infections which required a vet visit and antibiotics. Recently we switched her food to a salmon and sweet potato kibble and have noticed she has more energy, and a lot less discharge from her nose...a lot. I'm wondering if a food allergy could be the reason for her issues instead of pollen, or another inhalant. Don't want to get too excited yet, but wondering if food could be the culprit for my little brussel sprout?

Sept. 15, 2018

Emmy's Owner

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Caya

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German Shepherd

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13 Years

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Fair severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Sneezing

2 1/2 weeks ago Caya was diagnosed with vestibular disease. She was prescribed Meclizine for her nausea & also Rimadyl. In 72 hours she was markedly improved. It seemed she tolerates the Rimadyl well. Unfortunately, as of 5 days ago she started sneezing & pawing at the right side of her nose. Upon inspecting her nose I discovered that the lateral slit is actually split open. I have Vetericyn plus wound & skin care that I have been applying with a cotton ball 3 times a day. Her diet, appetite & energy haven’t changed. There has been no new cleaning products used in our home. Her blood work was perfect 2 weeks ago. She is 12 1/2 with a history of anal gland cancer (31 months ago).

Aug. 19, 2018

Caya's Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1611 Recommendations

This problem with Caya's nose might be unrelated to her other conditions, and she may be fine to monitor or improvement to see if this is short term problem. If the problem with her nose continues, it would be a good idea to have her looked at to examine to make sure that she is okay and that there aren't larger problems.

Aug. 20, 2018

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Miller

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Labrador Retriever

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7 Months

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Moderate severity

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Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Mucus From Nose

My 9 year old lab has had a nasal issue for 7 months. He’s been on keflex then carprofen. Then both at the same time plus two Claritin. Wasn’t getting better. Had a Rhinoscopy and it showed nothing. Went to Nc State vet school. Had another Rhinoscopy and a CT scan and found nothing. He has been taking prednisone for 10 days and it’s not any better. Frustrated that we can’t solve this issue. My vet is trying. I don’t know where to go next.

July 24, 2018

Miller's Owner

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recommendation-ribbon

3320 Recommendations

If your Veterinarian and the veterinary faculty of NC State cannot narrow in on a cause with CT and endoscopy, I cannot think of anything it would be given all tests so far have come back negative. Normally tumours, foreign objects or defects are detected and a cause is determined; I cannot offer any advice on what to do next. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

July 25, 2018

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Ty

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Dachshund

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15 Years

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Moderate severity

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Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Odor
Nasal Discharge

My 15 year old dachshund has had a snotty nose for a few years now...always a terrible odor from her nose and terrible breath. She has had her teeth cleaned, extractions etc. Sometimes the odor subsides when she is on an antibiotic after a cleaning but it always comes back. She has kidney failure that we are controlling with fluids administered by IV every other day. She has seizures that are controlled by medication. I'm hesitant to start a natural approach to her sinuses because of possible effects on her kidneys . any advise?

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Blue

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Pit bull

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11 Months

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Fair severity

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pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Congestion
Infection
Running Nose
Pneumonia
Nose Smelly

Rescued a pit bull at 2 months old that was already on doxy for what they considered a sinus issue. The minute she went off Doxy, at about 11 weeks, she got her first bout of emergency pneumonia. About $4500 later we got her back after two days on oxygen and antibiotics. So, she was on a couple of antibiotics, seemed perfectly healthy, went off antibiotics about 3 weeks from start, and regressed back to pneumonia. About $4000 (a bit cheaper) later we had her back, and they decided to run a lung rinse to see what parasites are going on (she was negative for all the usual suspects like distemper). They said that Doxy and Clavamox showed to work on what they found, so she went back on that. She got entirely better, then about a week later (off antibiotic) she started showing signs of regression. Typically she starts with a runny nose, clear. Then rough breathing through the nose. Runny nose become thicker and more yellow, then the infection seems to go down the lung. We got her in early and only paid about $1000 for early diagnosis and more medication. So, no more pneumonia, she is 11 months old, and has only spent about 25 days of her life off antibiotics. They can't figure out what is going on with her. Even when on heavy antibiotic now, she wakes up congested. After being awake for a while she clears. She will fire snot rockets out her left nasal passage. At this point, I've had the pet for 9 months and spent $16,000 about. I'd prefer not to spend any more. Any recommendations?

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Lovie

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mixed terrier

dog-age-icon

10 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Lovie began having nose bleeds about 6 wks ago.The first one was the worst.Vet has ordered Prednisone and antibiotics symptoms have improved but continues to have clear to white nasal discharge,and sneezes out red clots with mucous,spongy material.Xray of snout was negative.Suggested to have endoscopy,CT scan but too expensive. Lovie continues to eat and drink well and is happy. Are there any homeopathic treatments that we can try? What is prognosis if it is a tumor?

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Princess

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Yorkshire Terrier

dog-age-icon

12 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Congested

I have a 12 year old female yorkie that sounds congested, but does not have any nasal discharge. we have noticed that its worse when she drinks. her vet suggested an expensive CT Scan...what could be wrong. she did this once before and it was a bad tooth her current vet want even look with out the CT

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Cholo

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Pit bull

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7 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Serious severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Serious severity

Has Symptoms

Fever
No En
Lump Between Eyes
Eye Redness
Appetite Loss
No Energy
Eye Drain

My dog has a knot in between the eyes. Right eye is swollen and draining clear and infection looking stuff. He was sneezing, coughing. No energy no appetite. Does drink water. Been to vet twice. The vet checked for heart worms , did blood work. First time was antibiotic, steroid, Benadryl, all was twice a day. While taking them he was doing better. But when the meds wore off he was worse. His lymph Glands swelled up so big. So took him to the best vet in my town. He examined him took more blood , did 4 X-rays. He was thinking cancer but he didn’t see anything. Just saw infection in his sinuses. He is now on a stronger antibiotic. Been taking it a week. And I dont see much change. He holds his head sideways. Not sure what to do.

Nose and Sinus Inflammation Average Cost

From 27 quotes ranging from $800 - $6,500

Average Cost

$1,500

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