Jump to section
This condition can cause a blockage of feces and it is most common in middle aged cats and dogs with geriatric issues. Medically, this disease is touted as a hard extrication of feces from the animal’s colon or large intestine. If you find that your dog is having a hard time passing stool or shows signs of lethargy, it is possible that your pet is experiencing obstipation and megacolon. The veterinarian will be able to detect this condition and confirm it for you. Unfortunately for your pet, once obstipation is diagnosed, then you have to deal with megacolon, which is the subsequent result of having obstipation. In this case, take your pet to the veterinary specialist immediately as it can get worse.
Megacolon and obstipation refers to dogs that have waste in the colon, and are experiencing difficulty passing the stool, resulting in an abnormal colon distension that is usually associated with severe constipation.
The first warning sign that your pet is having problems starts with the normal constipation. If you have identified that it is no longer routine, especially if you monitor your pet’s normal elimination cycle, you should consider going to a veterinary specialist. In the meantime, some of the signs to notice are:
All breeds can be affected by this condition. The type of diet that you feed your pet could be an instigator.
Megacolon, in some cases, can occur after a large amount of stool leaves the colon distended and the nerves are permanently damaged in the large intestine. An example of how this may occur is trauma to the dog’s pelvis. This would result in obstruction of the normal passage of the stool. However, any condition that results in the purposeful obstruction of feces will definitely cause megacolon. Other causes may be:
Diagnosis of this condition is usually commenced by observation. The pet owner must take notice of the dog’s defecation habits. One of the above symptoms should lead you to seek veterinary assistance. Once your pet is in the care of the veterinarian, a physical examination will be done. The examination will include palpating the abdomen to see how firm it is. An x-ray will also be done for further evaluation and to assess the severity of the obstipation. The veterinarian will need your dog’s medical history to see if this has ever happened in the past, or whether any associated condition could cause the problem. The veterinarian could also use the medical history to detect any underlying issues. Some tests that could be used in the diagnostic process could include:
Treatment of this condition could involve surgery, especially in severe instances. Subtotal colectomy is one of the best approaches to this chronic disorder. However, some veterinarians will use other measures before considering surgery. These would include:
With the treatment of any underlying disorders that may cause obstipation leading to megacolon, the prognosis can be positive. However, constipation that continues to remain a problem despite dietary changes and medication may lead to permanent stretching of the colon. Surgery to correct the megacolon may mean permanent loose stools or even diarrhea; however, with veterinary advice the condition can be a manageable change in your pet’s life.
*Wag! may collect a share of sales or other compensation from the links on this page. Items are sold by the retailer, not Wag!.
Obstipation and Megacolon Average Cost
From 511 quotes ranging from $300 - $3,000
Protect yourself and your pet. Compare top pet insurance plans.
2 found helpful
My GSD has been diagnosed with megacolon with an underlying spinal nerve issue. He has no control of his bladder or bowels with no muscle in the anal area. His colon is huge according to the xrays. He is still energetic though he is starting to stumble some when using stairs, especially up the stairs. How intense is the treatment to remove the feces in his colon and after removing what is built up, would we, as the caretakers, be able to treat him?
March 22, 2018
Dr. Michele K. DVM
Thank you for your email. I'm sorry that this is happening to Bux. The procedure to remove the feces present is probably not that intensive - it may involve an anesthetic and hospitalization. The problem will be that if he has no control or tone in his colon or anal area, it will continue to happen. Surgery may help him in the short term, but probably not in the long term. Since your veterinarian knows more about him and his condition, it would be a good idea to discuss future prognosis and options with them.
March 22, 2018
I am a student of veterinary technology. I interviewed at a dog daycare and was listening to a potential co-worker talk about her observations of a dog's decline and condition. I had heard of a cat having megacolon ad a result of unresolved Guardia. When I heard that the dog had Guardia for a long period of time...I immediately thought of megacolon! I am glad to be the one to inform the owners on how to go about proper diagnosis and treatment of their purebred Irish housebound. Thanks!
Sept. 14, 2018
Was this experience helpful?
0 found helpful
My Boston Terrier, Remy, was diagnosed with Megacolon 3 years ago at the age of 7. She has been taking Lactulose three times a day since then. Due to this, she has chronic diarrhoea. She seems to have a certain amount of control over her bowel movement but has recently started having accidents at night.
© 2021 Wag Labs, Inc. All rights reserved.
Download the Wag! app
Download the Wag! app