Vaginal Abnormalities Average Cost

From 67 quotes ranging from $550 - 5,000

Average Cost


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What is Vaginal Abnormalities ?

Most vaginal abnormalities are congenital, resulting from abnormal development of the paramesonephric ducts (also called the Müllerian ducts). In females, these embryonic structures evolve to form most of the female reproductive system, while in males they disappear. Abnormal development can lead to partial or complete aplasia or obstruction anywhere along the uterus, uterine tubes or the vagina. Persistent or imperforate hymen is the most common problem in dogs. This may take the form of stenosis, a horizontal narrowing of the vagina, or a vertical septum that divides the vagina into two chambers. Depending on the location of the abnormality, many dogs can be asymptomatic; in fact, clinical symptoms are only found in about .03% of dogs. The most common sign is difficulty or pain during breeding, but some dogs can also have protruding tissue, frequent vaginal infections, and incontinence due to fluids and urine being retained and pooling in the vagina. Another rare vaginal abnormality can occur when a hole forms between the vagina and the rectum. This is called a rectovaginal fistula. Fluids and feces may pass between these two areas spreading bacteria and preventing your dog from having normal bowel movements. Some feces may be expelled through the vulva, but many dogs still develop severe constipation or megacolon with rectovaginal fistula. This is usually a congenital condition, however, it can occur as a result of errors during colonic surgery. Vaginal strictures called adhesions may also be acquired through inflammation or from the development of cancerous lesions. Additionally, some dogs acquire vaginal hyperplasia, an external protrusion of vaginal tissue, as a result of excessive mucosa development during estrus, but this is temporary and the growth will disappear as hormone levels change.

Vaginal abnormalities in female dogs can cause problems with mating, persistent infection, and incontinence. Most vaginal malformations are congenital and present from birth, but a few conditions can be acquired.

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Symptoms of Vaginal Abnormalities in Dogs

Most symptoms will appear in young dogs especially around the first mating season.

  • Difficulty or pain with mating
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Frequent licking of genitals
  • Swollen or donut shape protrusion from the vulva
  • Persistent vaginitis (vaginal infection)
  • Positional incontinence (urine pooling in the vagina flows out when the dog changes positions)
  • Passage of feces through the vulva
  • Constipation


These are the most common types of structural malformations in the vagina.

  • Stricture or stenosis – a narrowing of the vaginal canal
  • Septum – vertical partition dividing sections of the vagina
  • Rectovaginal fistula – hole connecting the vagina and the rectum
  • Vaginal prolapse or hyperplasia – vaginal material protruding from the vulva

Causes of Vaginal Abnormalities in Dogs

Acquired conditions may be caused by

  • Excessive mucosa development during estrus (Brachycephalic breeds, Labrador and Chesapeake Bay Retrievers, German Shepherd, Springer Spaniel, Walker Hound, Airedale Terrier, American Pitbull Terrier) 
  • Recent surgery
  • Injury or scarring in the vagina
  • Long term inflammation (usually caused by injury and scarring)
  • Cancer

Diagnosis of Vaginal Abnormalities in Dogs

The veterinarian will need to know your dog’s age, and whether she has been bred before. A detailed description of any symptoms will be helpful. Cellular cultures will be taken to identify infection, and determine what stage of the mating cycle your dog is in. Bloodwork is frequently normal, but urinalysis may show elevated levels of white blood cells from concurrent urinary tract infection. With rectovaginal fistula, the vaginal culture will show fecal contamination.

A physical examination will include palpitation and digital examination with an inserted finger. Many congenital structural abnormalities that are causing significant symptoms, especially vaginal septum, can be identified in this way. If no abnormalities are noted, Vaginoscopy (the insertion an instrument that can take a picture of the vagina), X-rays and ultrasound will help to identify abnormalities that are less obvious.


Treatment of Vaginal Abnormalities in Dogs

If the conditions isn’t causing a problem, most veterinarians don’t recommend treatment. With chronic symptoms of infection and incontinence, surgery is usually the best solution. Some problems directly related to breeding can be corrected with an ovariohysterectomy. Others may require surgical removal of the hymen membrane that is causing the problem. Dogs will typically stay in a veterinary hospital for at least a day and have a reduced period of activity when they come home. 

Rectovaginal fistulas also require surgery to correct the problem, especially if the dog also has an imperforate or obstructed anal canal which happens in many congenital cases. Diet change (usually a liquid diet) may be recommended until surgery can be performed. Dogs that have developed irreversible megacolon may need continued treatment to prevent constipation.

If the condition turns out to be cancerous, surgery will remove the tumor and chemotherapy may be prescribed to prevent metastasis. Further treatment may be needed if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

Recovery of Vaginal Abnormalities in Dogs

Most vaginal abnormalities only cause mild symptoms and dogs will make a full recovery with surgery. A rectovaginal fistula is more serious, but this condition is usually treatable with surgery. If megacolon has developed, long term management will be necessary. Your dog may need to take continual laxatives and follow a special diet that makes bowel movements easier. Cancerous conditions may be serious unless the problem is caught early. The veterinarian will discuss the likelihood of successful treatment upon diagnosis.

Vaginal Abnormalities Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Australian Cattle Mix
10 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

What could be the cause of my dog's constant licking of her vaginal area? The fur around there has also turned brown. She doesn't seem to be in pain and she urinates normally.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2485 Recommendations
There are a few possible causes for vaginal licking which include bacterial infection, fungal infection, urinary tract issues, tumours, foreign objects (uncommon), skin fold dermatitis among other causes. Due to the varied possible causes it would be best to visit your Veterinarian to have a look and to receive treatment. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Jack Russell Terrier
17 Months
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Swollen vulva area

Looks like my 17 month old female dogs vulva is protruding and swollen.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2485 Recommendations

It would be best to visit your Veterinarian to determine the cause of the protrusion as vaginal prolapse may be occurring. Causes of swelling may be due to being on heat, infection or inflammation. Again, this would be best to speak with your Veterinarian so that they can see the protrusion and determine the cause and the treatment. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Pittbull mix bulldog
7 Months
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Vaginal Swelling

My pittbull puppy has a swollen rectum and vagina it's about four times the normal size and she's only about 7 months old she shares a pin with a male husky 2years of age

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2485 Recommendations

The cause of the swelling may be due to infection or allergies; however, given that you have mentioned that the size is four times the usual size, I would be worried that Lucky has a perineal hernia, whilst it is more common in old males rather than females it does occur leading to a bulge from the perineum giving the anus and the vagina an enlarged stretched appearance. Please visit your Veterinarian immediately. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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8 Weeks
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms


We rescued an 8wk old puppy that's miniature in size (looks like a pomeranian but could be a mix) from a hoarder that seems to have rectavaginal fistula. Is this considered a pre-existing condition and is surgery expensive?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2485 Recommendations

A rectovaginal fistula is a congenital condition that will need to be operated on. The cost varies depending on the Veterinarian, location and severity. The fistula allows faecal matter to enter the reproductive tract causing further complications. Overall the prognosis is guarded and your dog may be left with faecal and urinary incontinence. A visit to your Veterinarian when you will go for your puppy’s vaccinations will allow them to examine the fistula and to give a price for surgical correction. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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