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What are Getting Swollen Testicles?

Testicles (also called testes or gonads) on a dog are the male sex glands which are located behind the penis.  When they are swollen, they are enlarged, more firm, sometimes discolored and frequently very painful. This condition in dogs is called orchitis (or epididymitis) and there are several reasons for it:

  • Trauma
  • Infection
  • Testicular torsion
  • Testicular neoplasia
  • Canine brucellosis
  • Scrotal hernia

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Why Getting Swollen Testicles Occurs in Dogs

Swollen testicles can be a very painful experience for your male canine and, if left untreated, this condition can be dangerous for him.   Here is why:

Trauma

This can be any blunt or penetrating injury to the testicles or scrotum. The penetrating wound can open up an opportunity for infections to develop. It is possible for trauma to cause an immune-mediated inflammation (or orchitis) and the body’s own immune system then turns on itself and causes inflammation and testicular damage.

Infection

This can include bacterial organisms, fungal organisms or viral organisms which find their way into the testicles.  These infections can come up from the urinary system or from the prostate.

Testicular Torsion

This is a twisting of the testicle on its spermatic cord.  This is relatively uncommon in dogs but, when it does occur, it is very painful.

Testicular Neoplasia

Testicular neoplasia is a common malady in male dogs as they age. There are three which normally are found: Sertoli cell tumor, Seminoma, and Leydig (interstitial) cell tumor. Metastasis is not common.

Canine Brucellosis

Brucellosis is a systemic bacterial infection which shows up in your male dog as epididymitis, orchitis, prostatitis, testicular atrophy and infertility. It is very hard to treat successfully.

Scrotal Hernia

A scrotal hernia is a condition in which part of the abdomen moves into the scrotum. This inguinal hernia is treatable by surgery.

What to do if your Dog is Getting Swollen Testicles

If you notice that your male dog’s testicles appear to be enlarged or discolored, an examination is in order.  If you are able to examine him, you need to look for any obvious wounds on either or both of the testicles of your pet. 

Veterinary medical assistance is necessary as soon as possible for any of the possible reasons for the occurrence of swollen testicles in your dog.  Infections will need to be treated, masses will need to be investigated and potentially removed or repaired and castrations may be required to assure the safety of your pet. All of the potential causes for swollen testicles are serious enough that your pet needs medical assistance sooner rather than later to avoid permanent injury.

Prevention of Getting Swollen Testicles

When it comes to prevention of swollen testicles, there really aren’t many things a pet owner can do to prevent some of the causes from afflicting their pet.  

The statistics report that about half of unneutered dogs contract testicular cancer.  The only true way to prevent testicular cancer in your dog is to have him neutered, taking away the testicles where the cancer can develop. At the very least, if your pet is not neutered, be sure avail him of regular examinations of the testicles by your veterinarian at every opportunity that you can. If cancer develops, castration is the only treatment.

Infections in the urinary tract and prostate can be difficult to prevent, since the prostate goes through some changes of its own as it ages and urinary tract infections will occur due to bacterial infections of the bladder.  

Protecting your dog from injury to the best of your ability when he is playing or exercising will help to prevent any complications from trauma and any immune-mediated inflammation which will result from them.

Cost of Getting Swollen Testicles

Treating the causes of swollen testicles will be required to avoid more serious health concerns for your pet.  Here are some of the costs for this treatment:

  • Testicular swelling treatment costs can range from $200 to $1,500
  • Testicular neoplasia treatments costs can run from $400 to $1,200 (for Sertoli cell tumor, Leydig Cell Tumor and Seminoma)
  • Testicular Torsion treatment can cost $500 to $2,000

Getting Swollen Testicles Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Buster
Pit bull
10 Months
Moderate condition
1 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Lump

I have noticed today My 10 month old puppy has a large pea size lump in one testicle. I am unable to feel it as he won’t let me examine him (I have a muzzle coming tomorrow so I can check him out)
Since I noticed the lump I’ve kept an eye on my boy and his testicles are now both quite swollen and he’s obviously in a bit of discomfort as he can’t sit as he usually would and doesn’t seem to be able to get comfortable at all

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2937 Recommendations
It is important to determine whether there is a lump on the scrotum or the testicle itself; if the lump is on the actual testicle it may be a tumour, a cyst or another cause. If the lump is on the skin and the scrotal skin is swollen, this may be due to a skin infection, allergies etc… Without examining Buster, I cannot determine the specific cause but would recommend you visit a Veterinarian regardless; if he is licking the area it may be best to place a cone on him and bathe the skin (if possible) with a dilute antiseptic. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Sir duke
Pit bull
14 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Swollen testicles

Will my dog be ok threw the night if I just now noticed the swelling ? He was on meds regarding it they treated him with antibiotics and steroids , n it seemed to be getting better until today , he’s been off the antibiotics now for almost a week but is still on the steroids but the swelling is back and I’m concerned for him ? Is there anything over the counter I can give him for pain till morning !

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2937 Recommendations
If Sir Duke is currently on medications, I cannot recommend anything over the counter without knowing what was prescribed to him recently in case there is an adverse reaction between the medicines. If the swelling is getting bad, you should visit an Emergency Veterinarian if Sir Duke is in a lot of pain or visit your regular Veterinarian in the morning if he is comfortable and calm. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Bashtian
Newfoundland
7 Months
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Redness
Testicular Swelling

Any over-the-counter medications I can give to help his swelling and discomfort? He has had some redness and swelling for a day now. They are tender to the touch when we have cleaned them off.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2937 Recommendations
If there is swelling of the scrotum then regular bathing with a dilute antiseptic and topical Neosporin may help (place a cone on him to prevent further licking); however if the testicles themselves are swollen you should visit your Veterinarian for an examination as the underlying cause would need to be identified and any treatment wouldn’t be over the counter. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Tex
German Shepherd
2 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Swollen Testicle

I have a young Shepherd who had a swollen testicle with a small marble sized lump that does not appear to be on the testicle itself but in the scrotal sack, he's not showing any obvious signs of pain and I'm able to grab it without him yelping or crying, he does have a vet appointment in the next couple of days but I'd like to have a good idea on what I'm dealing with. His testicles are also lined straight rather than side by side.

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1371 Recommendations
Dogs can get infections or tumors on the testicle and scrotum, and there may be something like that going on with Tex. I can't say for sure without seeing him, and you should have a better idea what is going on once you've had your appointment.

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Breezer
Labrador Retriever
3.5
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Swollen testicles

My name is Dushyant i have 3.5yr old labrador dog 3 before His testicles was fine But now His testicles start Growing Bigger Day by day But i don't wht is the reason he never Mating with Female dog

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2937 Recommendations
Swelling of the testicles may be caused by excessive licking of the scrotum leading to swelling, swelling of the testicles themselves (cysts or tumours) or a hernia. I would highly recommend a visit to your Veterinarian to determine the cause and I would also recommend having Breezer neutered at the same time if you are not planning on breeding with him. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

My dog just got swollen testicles recently. He walks funny probably due to aching joints and earlier wasn’t eating his dinner.

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