Carolina Dog

33-44 lbs
United States
American Dingo. Carolina Dingo, American Pariah

The Carolina Dog is a medium sized dog that is considered a primitive breed because of his rarity and has much of his ancestors’ primitive natures still intact. Since he is not overbred, the Carolina Dog does not seem to have the health problems that many domesticated breeds are prone to. He is not commonly found outside of the United States and even is virtually unknown except for the southern region of the United States. He is good with children, but does need a family with a strong leader in place so he knows his role within the familial unit. He is naturally distrustful of strangers. 

Companion, Small Game Hunter
Date of Origin
Pariah Dog, Native American Dog

Carolina Dog Health

Average Size
Male Carolina Dog size stats
Height: 18-24 inches Weight: 33-44 lbs
Female Carolina Dog size stats
Height: 18-24 inches Weight: 33-44 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Usually A Very Healthy Breed
Minor Concerns
  • Hip And Elbow Dysplasia
Occasional Diagnoses
  • None Known
Occasional Tests
  • OFA on hips and elbows
  • Complete Physical Examination

Carolina Dog Breed History

Historians believe the Carolina Dog has descended from Pariah Dogs brought to North America from Asia about 9,000 years ago. Historians have determined that dogs with the same bone structure as the Carolina Dog were found in ancient Native American burial sites. Actual written records pertaining to the breed were not kept until about forty years ago when Dr. I. Lehr Brisbin, Jr., a biology professor at the University of Georgia, began researching the breed. Dr. Brisbin discovered the Carolina Dog at the United States Department of Energy’s ecology site along the Savannah River. He noticed dogs that strongly resembled Dingoes living in remote swamp areas of South Carolina. Some of these dogs were not domesticated; however, he did find breeders who specialized in the breed. It is thought that these dogs became trusted companions of the Native Americans and migrated with the tribes. These dogs maintained much of their wild nature but also became hunting companions and village dogs while travelling with the various tribes. He is still considered to be a primitive breed, meaning he still retains many of his ancestors’ primitive instincts. Today, there are more domesticated Carolina Dogs than feral in the deep south of the United States. There are expeditions into the swamps of the Savannah River basin being led by ecologists, including Dr. Brisbin, to search for pure bred Carolina Dogs. As these dogs are found, they are placed within pre-approved foster homes and are trained as hunters and family companions. The United Kennel Club recognized the Carolina Dog and he is eligible to compete in all UKC sanctioned events. The American Kennel Club has accepted him into their Foundation Stock Service as of July 2017. 

Carolina Dog Breed Appearance

The Carolina Dog is a medium sized dog that closely resembles the Pariah or feral dogs that still inhabit the swamps of the Deep South. He has large ears that stand erect and a long tail that is curved, but not carried high like a Spitz breed. His eyes are almond in shape and dark brown. His eye rims should be black. He has a large nose with open nostrils and it should be black, although a brown or self-colored nose is acceptable in lighter colored dogs. The Carolina Dog has a short, dense coat. His summer coat is much sparser than his heavier, thicker winter coat. His undercoat is short, thick and soft. His topcoat is longer than the undercoat but still considered short. It is straight and coarse to the touch with coarser guard hairs on his back to protect him in the underbrush. The Carolina Dog can be found in black and tan, solid cream, red ginger, yellow, red sable and orange. 

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Carolina Dog eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Carolina Dog nose
brown Carolina Dog nose
Coat Color Possibilities
black Carolina Dog coat
cream Carolina Dog coat
red Carolina Dog coat
sable Carolina Dog coat
fawn Carolina Dog coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Carolina Dog straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Carolina Dog Breed Maintenance

The Carolina Dog is relatively easy to maintain. His coat is easy to groom and only requires a quick brushing once a week unless he is shedding heavily. He does shed seasonally and usually twice a year there will be severe shedding that requires daily brushing to ensure all the loose and dead hairs are removed. Use a slicker brush or a natural bristle brush when grooming. A deshedder can also be used. Because of the heavy shedding, the Carolina Dog is not a hypoallergenic breed. He does not generally have a strong smell and will not require many baths. He will need to be bathed when he is shedding heavily to help loosen the undercoat and hasten the shedding process. Between baths, he can be given a dry bath using a dry shampoo or baking soda and corn starch can be mixed together and sprinkled through his coat to freshen the coat. His ears should be checked at least once a week and cleaned as needed. Trim his nails every two to three weeks. 

Brushes for Carolina Dog
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Carolina Dog requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Carolina Dog Temperament

The Carolina Dog is not an overly affectionate dog until he bonds closely with you. He is quiet and somewhat aloof. He is naturally wary of strangers and will closely watch them, although he should never act aggressively towards people. He does require early socialization to ensure he does not become overly shy and unwilling to accept any human interaction. He does need a strong leader to work with him and train him properly so he can become a well-adjusted member of the family. He is a natural hunter and will many times bring gifts of dead animals home for his family. He is a pack animal and will form a very close bond with other dogs within his home. Since he is such a social dog, he thrives in a home that has at least one other dog for companionship. The Carolina Dog has a high prey drive and should be closely watched when small pets are out of their cages. He may do well with a cat that he has been raised with since puppyhood but should still be watched.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
10 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Carolina Dog Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
2.4 cups
Daily Cost
$1.20 - $1.40
Monthly Cost
$34.00 - $45.00

Carolina Dog Height & Weight

6 Months
Male Carolina Dog size stats at six months
Height: 16 inches Weight: 17 lbs
Female Carolina Dog size stats at six months
Height: 16 inches Weight: 17 lbs
12 Months
Male Carolina Dog size stats at 12 months
Height: 18 inches Weight: 30 lbs
Female Carolina Dog size stats at 12 months
Height: 18 inches Weight: 30 lbs
18 Months
Male Carolina Dog size stats at 18 months
Height: 21 inches Weight: 38 lbs
Female Carolina Dog size stats at 18 months
Height: 21 inches Weight: 38 lbs

Carolina Dog Owner Experiences

5 Months
Meet Mango! Mango is such a funny dog! When I arrived she was so timid and shy but showered me with love once she was comfortable with me. But the moment we walked out of the apartment building, she was on a mission to get to the dog park and made herself the boss of that dog park! She made sure everyone knew she was in charge of all the balls! We played fetch for 30 minutes straight and she didn't tire at all! But, once we got home and I tried to put the wag bandana on her, she instantly became timid and meek again! See the first photo - she hated it and was so scared of the bandana! Then she instantly perked up the moment I hid it from her! Silly girl! Guess you just gotta look cool in front of your friends!
1 year, 7 months ago
3 Years
The Carolina dog I walked was such a sweet little lady. She greeted me at the door with many kisses and a big ol hug. On our walk, she had horrible horrible diarrhea, but it did not phase her at all.. she still bounced around the neighborhood with a huge smile on her face. She loved to walk and run very fast, and she was very well-behaved too. She did very well with people and other dogs. She is a sweet, sweet girl who loves attention!
1 year, 7 months ago
3 Years
I have walked a Carolina dog a few times, and she is so sweet and happy. She really just enjoys her time outside. She is also incredibly beautiful!
1 year, 7 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd