Entlebucher Mountain Dog

55-65 lbs
Entlebucher Sennehund, Entlebuch Cattle Dog

The Entlebucher Mountain Dog is a medium-sized sturdy dog with small brown eyes, short multicolored fur, and small, triangular ears. The smooth coat is usually white, tan, and black with a soft and fluffy blaze and chest. Out of all the Swiss Mountain Dogs, the Entlebucher is the smallest and some say is a descendent of the Mastiffs that guarded and fought with the Romans. This breed was not recognized by the American Kennel Club until 2011 and is still quite rare in the United States but popular in Switzerland. It is a good family dog and is mostly kept as a companion pet now rather than a flock guard.

purpose Purpose
guarding flock, driving cattle
history Date of Origin
ancestry Ancestry
mastiff, sennenhund

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Health

Sketch of Entlebucher Mountain Dog
Average Size
Male Entlebucher Mountain Dog size stats
Height: 17-21 inches Weight: 55-65 lbs
Female Entlebucher Mountain Dog size stats
Height: 16-20 inches Weight: 55-65 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Entropion
  • Ectropion
  • Pulmonic Stenosis
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Exposure Keratopathy Syndrome
Minor Concerns
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Cataracts
  • Retinal Dysplasia
  • Persistent Pupillary Membrane
Occasional Tests
  • Heart
  • X-Rays
  • Eye Examination
  • Physical Examination

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Breed History

There are four breeds of Mountain Dogs, which are the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, Bernese Mountain Dog, Appenzeller Mountain Dog, and the Entlebucher Mountain Dog. The original Sennenhund breeds are thought to have been brought to Switzerland by the Romans in the first century, over 2000 years ago. However, the breed was almost extinct by the 1900s due to the crossbreeding with German Shepherds and other purebred dogs. In 1889 a man named Franz Schertenleib collected all the Entlebucher Mountain Dogs and bred them to keep the breed going. At that time, they were named Entlebucherhunds. They were originally used for herding and guarding sheep and cattle, while the larger Mountain Dogs were used for flocking cattle and pulling carts to transport cheese and milk to markets. Now they are kept mostly as companion pets and guard dogs. Until 1913, the Entlebucher Mountain Dog was considered to be the same breed as the Appenzell Cattle Dog. In that year, a few of these dogs were shown in a Swiss dog show by Professor Albert Heim where they were classed in the Swiss Canine Stud Book as the fourth Mountain and Cattle Dog breed. However, there was a delay and the breed was not given a standard until 1927 by the Swiss Club of Entlebucher Cattle Dogs. It took another 84 years before the AKC acknowledged them as an official breed. According to the AKC, the breed originated from Entlebuch, which is a valley in the District of the Cantons Lucerne and Berne in Switzerland.

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Breed Appearance

Your Entlebucher Mountain Dog is medium sized, strong, and square-shaped with a sturdy, muscular body. Their coat is shiny black with symmetrical white on chest, muzzle, feet, and tail. There are shades of mahogany and fawn colors on the bushy eyebrows and between the white and black markings on the rest of the body. Some Entlebucher Mountain Dogs have small, tan, oval shaped markings on the cheeks and a few can have an inverted cross marking on the chest. The blaze is white and furry and the tail has just a bit of white at the tip. They have small brown eyes, triangular ears, a strong jaw, and straight teeth. The Entlebucher Mountain Dog’s nose is black and straight, with natural whiskers. They have a strong, medium length neck; the tail can be natural or docked, and elevated but not curled. The Entlebucher Mountain Dog has short and well-muscled front legs, long hind legs, and small paws.

Appearance of Entlebucher Mountain Dog
Eye Color Possibilities
brown Entlebucher Mountain Dog eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Entlebucher Mountain Dog nose
Coat Color Possibilities
black Entlebucher Mountain Dog coat
brown Entlebucher Mountain Dog coat
white Entlebucher Mountain Dog coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
Entlebucher Mountain Dog straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Breed Maintenance

Even though the Entlebucher Mountain Dog’s coat is short, it has a tendency to shed all year and it can be quite heavy in the spring. Your dog should be brushed at least once a week with a rubber curry grooming brush to decrease the shedding and remove the dead hair. They do not need to be bathed unless they are really dirty and should then be bathed with mild dog shampoo. You need to trim the nails once a month and brush the teeth daily, if possible, to keep the teeth clean and promote good dental health. Frequent brushing can also prevent bad breath. Look at your dog’s ears during your weekly brushing to check for wax, dirt, and other debris. If they are dirty, you can use a cotton ball with special ear cleaner for dogs as recommended by your veterinary care provider. In addition, you should check your dog’s eyes for discharge or cloudiness at this time.

Brushes for Entlebucher Mountain Dog
Slicker Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Entlebucher Mountain Dog requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Temperament

The Entlebucher Mountain Dog is a territorial and protective dog so it can be reserved or even aggressive with strangers. This and their loud, deep bark can scare away intruders in no time. However, this trait also means it takes more time for your dog to get used to people. They are an energetic breed that likes attention and exercise so they need to be walked and played with daily. The Entlebucher Mountain Dog is very intelligent and can be trained quickly, learn tricks easily, and would even do well in an agility competition. They also like hiking, running, long games of fetch, hunting, herding, and tracking. While they are good with children, they need to be trained to tolerate young children under five. Stray cats, squirrels, and other small animals are probably not safe in the vicinity of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog because they like to hunt. However, they are happiest when they are home with their family.

Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
14 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
90 minutes
activity minutes

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
cup per day cost cup per day cost cup per day cost
Daily Cost
$1.50 - $2.00
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$40.00 - $55.00
food bag monthly cost

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Height & Weight

6 Months
Sketch of Entlebucher Mountain Dog at six months
Male Entlebucher Mountain Dog size stats at six months
Height: 16.5 inches Weight: 27.5 lbs
Female Entlebucher Mountain Dog size stats at six months
Height: 15.5 inches Weight: 27.5 lbs
12 Months
Sketch of Entlebucher Mountain Dog at 12 months
Male Entlebucher Mountain Dog size stats at 12 months
Height: 19.0 inches Weight: 55.0 lbs
Female Entlebucher Mountain Dog size stats at 12 months
Height: 18.0 inches Weight: 55.0 lbs
18 Months
Sketch of Entlebucher Mountain Dog at 18 months
Male Entlebucher Mountain Dog size stats at 18 months
Height: 19.0 inches Weight: 60.0 lbs
Female Entlebucher Mountain Dog size stats at 18 months
Height: 18.0 inches Weight: 60.0 lbs

Top Entlebucher Mountain Dog Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Entlebucher Mountain Dog breeders of 2024.
Top Entlebucher Mountain Dog breeder Liberty Run Kennel
Liberty Run Kennel
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Top Entlebucher Mountain Dog breeder Harmony Entlebuchers
Harmony Entlebuchers
Mchenry, Illinois
Top Entlebucher Mountain Dog breeder Sandpiper Entlebuchers
Sandpiper Entlebuchers
San Clemente, California
Top Entlebucher Mountain Dog breeder Adagio Paws
Adagio Paws
Ames, Iowa

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Owner Experiences

5 Years
1 People
Man my boy has been a blessing. He is so smart loving loyal and fun to be around. He is regal and always catches someone’s eye and attention. He has loads of charisma and we get complimented everywhere we go. He is my first ently but will have another one now that I have experienced this amazing breed
2 years, 1 month ago
Three Years
2 People
Very sweet and affectionate. Loves play of any kind,and always wants to be on top of me when watching TV on the couch. Can never seem to get enough affection. And boy does he LOVE TO EAT.
4 years, 10 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd