8-16 lbs
United States
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavapom is a cross-bred or hybrid dog, and with the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel as one parent breed and the other a Pomeranian, it would be difficult for the Cavapom not to be charming and cute. They are playful and affectionate and can either be watchful like the Pomeranian or relaxed and welcoming like the Cavalier. The Cavapom has the potential to be highly trainable, they learn quickly and respond to positive reinforcement techniques such as lots of praise and food rewards. Children and the Cavapom mix well, but children under six years need to be supervised with the young dog as they can unintentionally cause injury to such a small dog. They have a moderate energy level that is adaptable to their owner’s lifestyle, but they will enjoy a walk and the chance to socialise with other people and dogs which are good for them. Just keep them on a leash in an unsecured area as they take off after a bird that flutters by, chasing them into the distance. Some Cavapoms love playing fetch and will endlessly chase a ball. Others prefer the comfort of your lap and will snuggle in, lapping up any attention you give them. Because they are adorable as pets, they are so popular with families. But be sure you choose a reputable breeder who has done health testing to ensure that the puppies do not have genetic diseases common to both the parent dogs.

Date of Origin
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Pomeranian

Cavapom Health

Average Size
Male Cavapom size stats
Height: 12-13 inches Weight: 10-20 lbs
Female Cavapom size stats
Height: 12-13 inches Weight: 8-16 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Mitral Valve Disease
  • Syringomyelia
Minor Concerns
  • Cherry Eye
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Ear Infections
  • Back Problems
  • Cavalier Episodic Falling Syndrome
Occasional Tests
  • X-Rays
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Urinalysis
  • Blood Tests
  • Internal Imaging (x-ray, CT scan, MRI, etc.)
  • Full Physical Examination
  • Ocular Tests

Cavapom Breed History

Because the Cavapom is a new cross breed or hybrid dog, there is little history of how it all began. It is easier to look back to the two breeds of dog that were parents to the Cavapom. The Pomeranian originated from the region known as Pomerania, hence its name. This region is now Germany and Poland. The original Pomeranian was a much larger dog who worked for sheep herders. The sheepherders had bred this dog from the ancient Spitz breeds. It was a popular dog, and Marie Antoinette, Emile Zola, Mozart, and Queen Victoria were all famous people who treasured this dog. It was during the 1870s that the Kennel Club in England first recognised them as a breed. Queen Victoria began breeding the Pomeranian in 1888, and she started to breed them down in size, which made them even more popular in England. The American Kennel Club first recognised these regal little dogs in 1888. While the Pomeranian may have reduced in size, its sense of self-importance never lessened. The Pom has a variety of talent in its arsenal, including watchdog, agility and performing tricks which is why they were perfect for circus performers. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel takes its given name from King Charles ll and is descended from the King Charles Spaniel. It was in the late 1600s that the King Charles Spaniels were crossed with the Pug dog which resulted in a smaller dog with a flatter nose, large protruding eyes, and a rounded head. These became the King Charles Spaniel that we know today. But an American by the name of Roswell Eldridge was searching for any King Charles dogs that had long noses. He had seen paintings by Van Dyck of King Charles ll and his spaniels, before the Pug dog had been bred with them, and wanted to revive the original breed if he could. He offered prize money for any such dog in the Crufts Dog Show in London in 1920. A dog called Ann’s Son won the Eldridge prize and was owned by a Miss Mostyn Walker, but Eldridge had died the month before and was not there to present the prize. American breeders took up his ideas and thanks to them, the Cavalier we know today is a product of their breeding. This modern breed is the true heir of the royal Spaniels of King Charles ll. It was in the 1940s that the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was classified as a separate breed. These attractive and affectionate small dogs are treasured by their owners and have passed some of their characteristics onto the Cavapom, as has the delightful Pomeranian.

Cavapom Breed Appearance

The Cavapom is a well-proportioned small dog who has a slightly rounded skull and a full muzzle. The color of the nose depends on the genes it has inherited from its parent dog: it can range from black like the Cavalier or can vary depending on the coat color. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. Their dark eyes are rounded or almost almond in shape and often have dark rims. It is often hard to see their body shape especially if they have the fluffy coat of the Pom. Like most hybrids, they can differ in features such as the ears, which in the Cavapom can be small and erect like the Pom, or long high set ears that have abundant feathering like the Cavalier. The coat can favor either the thick double coat of the Pom, harsh in outer coat and soft and short in the undercoat. If it takes after the Cavalier, the coat can be silky, medium length, and feathering on the ears, chest, body and legs. The tail can vary from feathered lying straight and flat over the back, or long and elegantly feathered held lower. Whatever parent their genetics favor, the Cavapom is a distinguished small dog who has a load of character and personality.

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Cavapom eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Cavapom nose
Coat Color Possibilities
black Cavapom coat
brown Cavapom coat
white Cavapom coat
red Cavapom coat
brindle Cavapom coat
cream Cavapom coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Cavapom straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Cavapom Breed Maintenance

It all depends on the type of coat your Cavapom inherits. If it has the Pom style coat, it will take considerable brushing to keep it in order. The easiest way is to divide or part the coat and brush and brush it forward and work your way through from the head backwards. In the end, it will fall back into place easily. If your Cavapom takes after the Cavalier, it will need a regular brushing with a firm bristle brush to keep it neat. Dry shampoo as necessary, and check that any feathering is not getting matted. Clean inside the ears regularly, and check the eyes for any signs of infection. A final check and brush of the teeth will keep your Cavapom in great health and condition.

Brushes for Cavapom
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Cavapom requires daily brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Cavapom Temperament

The Cavapom is a proud and lively little dog who is affectionate, happy and outgoing. They are eager to please their owners, easy to train and very intelligent. While it seems a confident dog, it needs a firm but gentle hand when training. They respond well to lavish praise and attention, as well as small treats. If you make it clear from the start that you are the pack leader, they will respect and follow your every move with devotion and loyalty. These dogs are not suited to kennel life; they are people dogs, they want to be with their family all the time. The Cavapom is an ideal dog for apartment living, just be firm if your dog starts excessive barking when people go past the door, teaching them that one bark is enough will make your neighbors appreciate your pet. If you are going to be away during the day, ensure your dog gets a good walk to tire them out first, so that they don’t get destructive or develop destructive behavior. These dogs still have an instinct to chase, so keep them on a lead when out walking. If trained well and if they accept you as pack leader, they are a delightful family dog. Teach young children to be careful with the small dog as rough play can unintentionally injure the Cavapom. They mix well with other pets if they are brought up with them, often being great friends and companions.

Cavapom Activity Requirements

While play and their natural active behavior will take care of most of the exercise needs, the Cavapom will enjoy a walk which will keep it fit and socialise the dog. They still have an instinct to hunt, so it is advisable to keep them on a leash. The Cavapom will enjoy learning new tricks and will excel at training given plenty of encouragement. They can overheat on hot days, so keep them calm and cool on long hot summer days. Ensure they have plenty of ventilation and shade options. While the Cavapom doesn’t need a yard, if they have one they will love exploring if you are there too.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
6 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Cavapom Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1 cups
Daily Cost
$0.75 - $1.00
Monthly Cost
$25.00 - $30.00

Cavapom Owner Experiences

10 Years
2 People
House & Yard
Chasing his ball, tug with toys
We adopted him last November at 9 yrs old for my mom but he was too quick and she couldn't control him, so we kept him. His original owners went into assisted living so he was put in a rescue shelter. He has calmed down some, barks a lot, chases everything and doesn't get along with my cat, who is skittish (also an adoptee, colony cat)
1 month ago
8 Years
4 People
House & Yard
Play keep away
Our cavapom is one of the happiest looking dogs around! He is friendly, loyal, and energetic though he is starting to slow down a bit. He’s not the smartest in terms of obedience, though he is responsive and peppy! He’s a loyal cuddling companion but he needs brushed very often during the spring. He loves to run around and chase anything that moves. He’s friendly to everyone he’s met though he will not hesitate to bark at pretty much everything. Overall a fluffy, low maintenance, very loyal friend of a dog!
4 months, 1 week ago
7 Months
5 People
House & Yard
Playing with toys
A loving and cuddly dog, he's only a puppy so very excitable, very good around all dogs of different temperaments, easy to train, picks up concepts easily
1 year, 4 months ago
8 Years
2 People
House & Yard
We adopted her at age 5 years after the passing of our Westie. She accepted us as her new family right from the beginning. She is very loving and affectionate. She will bark at visitors until they come inside but warms up to them immediately. We love her like our baby.
2 years, 1 month ago
Emma Goldman
7 Months
2 People
Our cavapom is the sweetest little dog I’ve encountered. She is quiet, inquisitive, and smart. She listens very well, has learned what she can and cannot chew, and potty trained easily, after following a rigid plan. In terms of play, she favors chewing on squeaky toys, and enjoys 2 mike walks every couple days. She’s also a good snuggle companion. She’s well behaved in public, and unanimously adored wherever she goes.
2 years, 7 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
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