Miniature Schnauzer

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13-15 lbs

The Miniature Schnauzer is the smallest and most popular of the Schnauzers.  Originally developed in Germany in the 1800s as a ratting and small farm dog, the Miniature Schnauzer has gained considerable popularity as a companion dog.  The Miniature Schnauzer is said to have derived from the crossbreeding of smaller Standard Schnauzers with Affenpinschers and Poodles to develop a smaller Schnauzer. An affectionate, vocal canine, this breed will make a great addition to a family who likes to keep busy. Moderately intense exercise is a must to keep this pup content; socialization is necessary, as is keeping small animals out of his reach. A natural hunter, inquisitive and spritely, the Miniature Schnauzer is ready for action at all times.

Date of Origin
schnauzer, affenpinscher, poodle

Miniature Schnauzer Health

Average Size
Height: 12-14 inches Weight: 14-16 lbs
Height: 11-14 inches Weight: 13-15 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Pulmonic Stenosis
  • Portosystemic Shunt
  • Pancreatitis
  • Sick Sinus Syndrome
Minor Concerns
  • Bladder Stones
  • Cushing's Disease
  • Schnauzer Comedo Syndrome
Occasional Tests
  • Blood Test
  • Heart
  • Liver Ultrasound
  • Blood And Urine Protein Screens
  • Physical Examination

Miniature Schnauzer Breed History

The Miniature Schnauzer's popularity took off after WWI, and the breed had even risen to the third most popular breed in the United States at one point.  This breed was brought to the United States in 1924 and was accepted by the American Kennel Club only two years later in 1926.  In America, the Miniature Schnauzer was once recognized as the Wirehaired Pinscher and to this day remains in the small Terrier group, despite being closely related to the Standard Schnauzer of the utility group.  Unlike the Terrier, the Miniature Schnauzer did not develop on the British Isles in ancient times, so its disposition is quite unlike the Terrier who is known to “go to ground” with zeal and courageous devotion.  The Schnauzer, on the other hand, is a jolly, happy breed. The name, Schnauzer, means small beard and is particularly fitting for this serious-looking breed that often reminds people of a little old man.  However, grumpy old man is far from this breed’s disposition.  The Schnauzer has also changed coat color appearances over its two centuries of breeding.  Once considered a dog of colorful variety, the Miniature Schnauzer now comes in black, black and silver, and salt and pepper. 

Miniature Schnauzer Breed Appearance

The Miniature Schnauzer is a double-coated breed featuring an all-black coat or two toned black and silver or salt and pepper.  Longer hair grows along the face, neck, ears, chest, and tail giving this breed an old man look.  The Miniature Schnauzer has small dark oval-shaped eyes set deeply, and ears set high on the head, which can be cropped or uncropped.  The head is rectangular-shaped and strong looking with a muzzle in proportion to the head.  The muzzle has a blunt ending, and thick whiskers adorn the Miniature Schnauzer’s face.  The teeth meet in a scissor bite. The Miniature Schnauzer’s forelegs are straight and parallel as viewed from all angles and end in short round feet with catlike toes and thick black pads.  The hind legs are well-muscled with slanting thighs that are set below the level of the shoulders.  The tail is set high, carried erect, and usually docked short.

Eye Color Possibilities
Nose Color Possibilities
Coat Color Possibilities
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Miniature Schnauzer Breed Maintenance

Maintaining a Miniature Schnauzer’s coat is slightly more work than other breeds and requires brushing two to three times a week.  Additionally, this breed should be professionally groomed every six to eight weeks to keep his coat and long hair looking its best.  The upside to the excessive grooming measures is this breed does not shed heavily.  The undercoat does its job to capture the loose hair and dander, making this breed hypoallergenic. While grooming, the Miniature Schnauzer’s ears should be checked and cleared of debris.  Ear cleaning will help keep the Miniature Schnauzer health as well as prevent “doggy” odors from developing.  After checking his ears, brush through the long hair of his arms and chest to prevent or work out any matting.  As with other breeds, brushing the Miniature Schnauzer’s teeth will keep them healthy and free of dental disease. The Miniature Schnauzer is an all-weather dog and tolerates both hot or cold climates.  This breed also does well in an apartment or with urban living though the Miniature Schnauzer does require moderately intense exercise. When it comes to feeding the Miniature Schnauzer, this is a relatively small dog who needs between ½ and 1 cup of dry food divided into two meals daily.  The amount of food fed to a Miniature Schnauzer will depend on activity levels, metabolism, and age.  Keeping a close eye on your dog’s nutritional health and adjusting food as needed will ensure your Miniature Schnauzer stays healthy. 

Brushes for Miniature Schnauzer
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Miniature Schnauzer Temperament

The Miniature Schnauzer may have been intended as a ratting dog, but this breed is now recognized as a wonderful family companion.  This breed is affectionate with the family and good with children.  They are outgoing extroverts who love being the center of attention.  Often suspicious of strangers, the Miniature Schnauzer can be overly vocal at times. The Miniature Schnauzer is good with other dogs but often forgets its size and will rough play with larger dogs. Though this breed is far from delicate, you want to minimize rough play.  When it comes to smaller pets, like rats and gerbils, you need to keep their Miniature Schnauzer away.  No amount of socialization will overcome this breed’s instinct to kill small animals.  The Miniature Schnauzer is a smart breed and can be easy to train with patience and consistency.  They are eager to please and have high energy.  With such high energy levels, it is important to give them plenty of exercise. 

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
6 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Miniature Schnauzer Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1 cups
Daily Cost
$0.8 - $1
Monthly Cost
$20 - $30

Miniature Schnauzer Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 10 inches Weight: 11 lbs
Height: 9 inches Weight: 10 lbs
12 Months
Height: 11 inches Weight: 13 lbs
Height: 10 inches Weight: 12 lbs
18 Months
Height: 13 inches Weight: 15 lbs
Height: 12 inches Weight: 14 lbs

Top Miniature Schnauzer Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Miniature Schnauzer breeders of 2017.
SoCal Schnauzers
Yucca Valley, California
Classic Miniature Schnauzers
Dallas, Texas
Schnauzer Paradise
Grantsville, West Virginia
Snowflake Schnauzers
Snowflake, Arizona
Cathys Miniature Schnauzer
Columbus, Ohio
Whispering Pines Miniature Schnauzers
Grantham, Pennsylvania
Kirsch Miniature Schnauzers
Lowell, Michigan
Rosse Posse Mini Schnauzer Acres
Molalla, Oregon

Miniature Schnauzer Owner Experiences