Miniature Schnauzer

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13-15 lbs
11-14"
Germany
Zwergschnauzer

The Miniature Schnauzer is the smallest and most popular of the Schnauzers.  Originally developed in Germany in the 1800s as a ratting and small farm dog, the Miniature Schnauzer has gained considerable popularity as a companion dog.  The Miniature Schnauzer is said to have derived from the crossbreeding of smaller Standard Schnauzers with Affenpinschers and Poodles to develop a smaller Schnauzer. An affectionate, vocal canine, this breed will make a great addition to a family who likes to keep busy. Moderately intense exercise is a must to keep this pup content; socialization is necessary, as is keeping small animals out of his reach. A natural hunter, inquisitive and spritely, the Miniature Schnauzer is ready for action at all times.

Purpose
ratting
Date of Origin
1800s
Ancestry
schnauzer, affenpinscher, poodle

Miniature Schnauzer Health

Sketch of Miniature Schnauzer
Average Size
Male Miniature Schnauzer size stats
Height: 12-14 inches Weight: 14-16 lbs
Female Miniature Schnauzer size stats
Height: 11-14 inches Weight: 13-15 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Pulmonic Stenosis
  • Portosystemic Shunt
  • Pancreatitis
  • Sick Sinus Syndrome
Minor Concerns
  • Bladder Stones
  • Cushing's Disease
  • Schnauzer Comedo Syndrome
Occasional Tests
  • Blood Test
  • Heart
  • Liver Ultrasound
  • Blood And Urine Protein Screens
  • Physical Examination

Miniature Schnauzer Breed History

The Miniature Schnauzer's popularity took off after WWI, and the breed had even risen to the third most popular breed in the United States at one point.  This breed was brought to the United States in 1924 and was accepted by the American Kennel Club only two years later in 1926.  In America, the Miniature Schnauzer was once recognized as the Wirehaired Pinscher and to this day remains in the small Terrier group, despite being closely related to the Standard Schnauzer of the utility group.  Unlike the Terrier, the Miniature Schnauzer did not develop on the British Isles in ancient times, so its disposition is quite unlike the Terrier who is known to “go to ground” with zeal and courageous devotion.  The Schnauzer, on the other hand, is a jolly, happy breed. The name, Schnauzer, means small beard and is particularly fitting for this serious-looking breed that often reminds people of a little old man.  However, grumpy old man is far from this breed’s disposition.  The Schnauzer has also changed coat color appearances over its two centuries of breeding.  Once considered a dog of colorful variety, the Miniature Schnauzer now comes in black, black and silver, and salt and pepper. 

Miniature Schnauzer Breed Appearance

The Miniature Schnauzer is a double-coated breed featuring an all-black coat or two toned black and silver or salt and pepper.  Longer hair grows along the face, neck, ears, chest, and tail giving this breed an old man look.  The Miniature Schnauzer has small dark oval-shaped eyes set deeply, and ears set high on the head, which can be cropped or uncropped.  The head is rectangular-shaped and strong looking with a muzzle in proportion to the head.  The muzzle has a blunt ending, and thick whiskers adorn the Miniature Schnauzer’s face.  The teeth meet in a scissor bite. The Miniature Schnauzer’s forelegs are straight and parallel as viewed from all angles and end in short round feet with catlike toes and thick black pads.  The hind legs are well-muscled with slanting thighs that are set below the level of the shoulders.  The tail is set high, carried erect, and usually docked short.

Appearance of Miniature Schnauzer
Eye Color Possibilities
brown Miniature Schnauzer eyes
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
black Miniature Schnauzer nose
Black
Coat Color Possibilities
black Miniature Schnauzer coat
Black
gray Miniature Schnauzer coat
Gray
silver Miniature Schnauzer coat
Silver
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Miniature Schnauzer wiry coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Miniature Schnauzer Breed Maintenance

Maintaining a Miniature Schnauzer’s coat is slightly more work than other breeds and requires brushing two to three times a week.  Additionally, this breed should be professionally groomed every six to eight weeks to keep his coat and long hair looking its best.  The upside to the excessive grooming measures is this breed does not shed heavily.  The undercoat does its job to capture the loose hair and dander, making this breed hypoallergenic. While grooming, the Miniature Schnauzer’s ears should be checked and cleared of debris.  Ear cleaning will help keep the Miniature Schnauzer health as well as prevent “doggy” odors from developing.  After checking his ears, brush through the long hair of his arms and chest to prevent or work out any matting.  As with other breeds, brushing the Miniature Schnauzer’s teeth will keep them healthy and free of dental disease. The Miniature Schnauzer is an all-weather dog and tolerates both hot or cold climates.  This breed also does well in an apartment or with urban living though the Miniature Schnauzer does require moderately intense exercise. When it comes to feeding the Miniature Schnauzer, this is a relatively small dog who needs between ½ and 1 cup of dry food divided into two meals daily.  The amount of food fed to a Miniature Schnauzer will depend on activity levels, metabolism, and age.  Keeping a close eye on your dog’s nutritional health and adjusting food as needed will ensure your Miniature Schnauzer stays healthy. 

Brushes for Miniature Schnauzer
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Miniature Schnauzer requires daily brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Miniature Schnauzer Temperament

The Miniature Schnauzer may have been intended as a ratting dog, but this breed is now recognized as a wonderful family companion.  This breed is affectionate with the family and good with children.  They are outgoing extroverts who love being the center of attention.  Often suspicious of strangers, the Miniature Schnauzer can be overly vocal at times. The Miniature Schnauzer is good with other dogs but often forgets its size and will rough play with larger dogs. Though this breed is far from delicate, you want to minimize rough play.  When it comes to smaller pets, like rats and gerbils, you need to keep their Miniature Schnauzer away.  No amount of socialization will overcome this breed’s instinct to kill small animals.  The Miniature Schnauzer is a smart breed and can be easy to train with patience and consistency.  They are eager to please and have high energy.  With such high energy levels, it is important to give them plenty of exercise. 

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
6 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Miniature Schnauzer Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1 cups
Daily Cost
$0.8 - $1
Monthly Cost
$20 - $30

Miniature Schnauzer Height & Weight

6 Months
Sketch of Miniature Schnauzer at six months
Male Miniature Schnauzer size stats at six months
Height: 10 inches Weight: 11 lbs
Female Miniature Schnauzer size stats at six months
Height: 9 inches Weight: 10 lbs
12 Months
Sketch of Miniature Schnauzer at 12 months
Male Miniature Schnauzer size stats at 12 months
Height: 11 inches Weight: 13 lbs
Female Miniature Schnauzer size stats at 12 months
Height: 10 inches Weight: 12 lbs
18 Months
Sketch of Miniature Schnauzer at 18 months
Male Miniature Schnauzer size stats at 18 months
Height: 13 inches Weight: 15 lbs
Female Miniature Schnauzer size stats at 18 months
Height: 12 inches Weight: 14 lbs

Top Miniature Schnauzer Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Miniature Schnauzer breeders of 2018.
Top Miniature Schnauzer breeder SoCal Schnauzers
SoCal Schnauzers
Yucca Valley, California
Top Miniature Schnauzer breeder Classic Miniature Schnauzers
Classic Miniature Schnauzers
Dallas, Texas
Top Miniature Schnauzer breeder Schnauzer Paradise
Schnauzer Paradise
Grantsville, West Virginia
Top Miniature Schnauzer breeder Snowflake Schnauzers
Snowflake Schnauzers
Snowflake, Arizona
Top Miniature Schnauzer breeder Cathys Miniature Schnauzer
Cathys Miniature Schnauzer
Columbus, Ohio
Top Miniature Schnauzer breeder Whispering Pines Miniature Schnauzers
Whispering Pines Miniature Schnauzers
Grantham, Pennsylvania
Top Miniature Schnauzer breeder Kirsch Miniature Schnauzers
Kirsch Miniature Schnauzers
Lowell, Michigan
Top Miniature Schnauzer breeder Rosse Posse Mini Schnauzer Acres
Rosse Posse Mini Schnauzer Acres
Molalla, Oregon

Miniature Schnauzer Owner Experiences

6 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Walk
Belly rubs
The Miniature Schnauzers that I have walked have not been the warmest dogs, but have not been mean by any sense of the word. The mini schnauzers have what I would call a more blasé attitude towards both the walk and the walker, however, by the end of the walks they are much more affectionate and do love getting their tummies rubbed. They can be quite stubborn. In my experience they have refused to walk away from their house and walk in the rain, but I believe that is more specific to the certain dog. One thing I have noticed that they have in common is that they prefer ad slower walking pace with lots of chances for sniffs. They play well with other dogs and rarely have behavior issues.
4 months, 3 weeks ago
5 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
moustaching
The mini schnauzer I walked was cautious around me. They can be aloof and hesitant around strangers at first, but do warm up. They have an unusually high prey drive that can not be trained, so caution is required around smaller pets and animals. They have a lot of energy and spunky personalities. They display a lot of moxie. They are very funny looking, often called "the old man of dogs". They come in full size and mini size which is better suited if you live in a shoebox, also known as a NYC apartment. They love to chase stuff and eat stuff off the ground. At least, this particular dog did. It just wanted to do what it wanted to do, and it wasnt asking for my permission. Overall, they have interesting personalities but not the best breed out there by any means.
4 months, 3 weeks ago
6 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Sniffing
The mini schnauzer I walked was cautious around me. They can be aloof and hesitant around strangers at first, but do warm up. They have an unusually high prey drive that can not be trained, so caution is required around smaller pets and animals. They have a lot of energy and spunky personalities. They display a lot of moxie. They are very funny looking, often called "the old man of dogs". They come in full size and mini size which is better suited if you live in a shoebox, also known as a NYC apartment. They love to chase stuff and eat stuff off the ground. At least, this particular dog did. It just wanted to do what it wanted to do, and it wasnt asking for my permission. Overall, they have interesting personalities but not the best breed out there by any means.
4 months, 3 weeks ago
3 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
The schnauzer I walk is very sweet, but also extremely shy. Whenever I first come into the apartment he will hide under the bed and it takes some persuasion to convince him to come back out so we can go on a walk. Talking in a calm voice and bribing them with treats can help them to come out so you can show that you'd like to be friends. Once you establish a relationship, they are very sweet and well-behaved. They are generally very easy to walk, but do like to bark at times. They don't walk too fast, but enjoy a leisurely pace and taking the time to smell everything along the way. They are gentle companion and in my experience are pleasantly mild mannered.
4 months, 3 weeks ago
8 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
I currently own a Miniature Schnauzer. I have had her since she was 3 months old and she is currently almost 8 years old. As a puppy, she was very playful. Since she is older now she is not quite as playful, and has become a bit more mellow, but still gets very excited and energetic whenever someone comes home or when we go on walks. She is very smart and was very easy to train. She is and has always been a jumper. And she jumps high. She jumps on anyone and everyone to enters our home. It’s her way of saying hello and greeting them. She loves people and is always excited when someone comes home or when people come over. As a puppy she liked to run around the yard and play with toys. She gets very excited when we go on walks. She is a puller, so we use a harness. When I say excited, I do mean EXCITED. As soon as she even sees me pick up her leash she starts full on wailing with excitement and this goes on a good 5 minutes into the walk. She doesn’t walk, she runs back and forth, and all over the place. She likes to look for bunnies and goes crazy when she sees one. She has caught a few because she is very fast. She is a runner. If she can get out the door she will BOLT and she is very fast so it is hard to get her back. She’s a bit of a nervous nelly. She doesn’t like car rides and will cry the whole way. She doesn’t like going out in the snow or rain. Doesn’t like to get wet, doesn’t like baths, but she will tolerate them. We groom her frequently because her fur gets ratty and stinky fairly quickly, even though she isn’t much of an outdoorsy dog. She is very loyal to her family. Overall, she is a very excitable and energetic dog, but is also very loyal and loving. She gets very said whenever we leave the house and as mentioned earlier, is always very excited when we come home. She was very easy to train and is very smart. She gets along well with people and other dogs, but is protective of her family and her home. She will bark at people and dogs who walk by our house during the day.
5 months ago
3 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Run in circles
lick
sniff
She was my first walk and she was the sweetest and most patient dog! It took me forever to find her leash and although she was excited she just sat there patiently and waited until I was ready. Then she gave me loads of kisses and we went on our way. She was very easy to walk and wasn’t the fastest walker. She liked to stop and sniff around a lot and since there was a lot of grass around she stopped all the time. She wasn’t fond of other dogs. She seemed very independent and kind. She didn’t need a lot of exercise to get her tired and she was content with her 30 minutes walking around the neighborhood. After the walk she was panting so much and she got her treats and she laid right down back on her bed and went to sleep even before I had left! Very easy walker and sweet little girl.
5 months ago
3 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Run
Play
Eating Snacks
Walk
The Miniature Schnauzer I walked was a tiny little girl. She was an adult but was less than 10 pounds and looked like a puppy. When I first came to the house she was with her owner and she barked at me. She was not aggressive, just very excited. She was full of energy the whole time we hung out. She was not overly affectionate, but still friendly. When passing other people, she didn't really pay any attention to them. She really loved walking and walked at a steady quick pace. She never showed any signs of being tired at all. When we got back to the apartment, she wasn't too keen on me leaving her all alone. I credit this to her being playful, but also to the breed in general being very smart and energetic. They are more suited to a place with room to run and play.
5 months ago
10 Months
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Sniffing everything
Greeting everyone
Rolling
Playing
As a seasoned walker for a Miniature Schnauzer, I walked one from the time he was less than six months old to about 3 years old. Extremely loving and affectionate, this little guy stole my heart. He was the runt of the litter and only grew to be about half the size of his brother. Because of this, he not only continually looks like a puppy, but acts like one too. A common misconception seen through him is that even though he is extremely dog friendly, he forgets he is a much smaller dog. When playing rough with a larger dog, he acts as though he is an even match. Because of this, the walker has to be careful to not let the Miniature Schnauzer harm himself without realizing it. He loves to be the center of attention and will always insert himself in the center of a conversation or playdate. He always wants to be out and active and moving, making a great pet for a family. Furthermore into that, he is great with kids and other pets. He has never gotten into a fight and welcomes anyone and anything to come say hi to him. I mostly do not let any dogs meet anything when I do not know him personally, but this dog breed is generally easy to trust around other animals, people and kids. I don’t ever find him afraid of strangers or new places, as I have hardly ever even heard him bark. The Mini Schnauzer will want to be moving constantly, therefore an easily accessible yard would be ideal for this breed. Ideally not made for an apartment type complex, in my opinion. They are vocal and active, making for a less than ideal neighbor. With is quality, I have found him not easily trained. However, I will chock this up to the owner’s fault, he doesn’t listen to any commands. I believe the owner does not use consistency or patience with the dog, as he does whatever he pleases when on a walk. I have tried recently to train him to be better about running in the street, chasing small animals, ect. However, I think it is to late. It is ideal to train the puppy how to act so it is natural behavior later on in life. This dog is intelligent and could easily be trained, there is just a lot of time and effort required to do so.
5 months ago
7 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Walk
My experiences with miniature Schnauzers have been fabulous! Such lively yet well composed little buds, it didn't take long to gain their trust when I arrived! They were more than eager to get going on a walk and followed directions very well. They also had no issues interacting with other dogs and people. He seemed moderately athletic and we kept a good pace! I did detect a touch of stubbornness when it came time to turn around and go back home, I think it's safe to say these little buds like their exercise time!
5 months ago
6 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Snuggle
Walk
Grayson and I became buddies on our walks around his neighborhood. He was shy every time I arrived, and tried to hide. But once I pulled out his leash, his eagerness to walk overcame his timidity. He was an eager walker, ignoring the other dogs around him, doing his best to mark all his territory as quickly as possible. Watching him interact with his owner, I could see that he was a loving pet and enjoyed spending many cozy evenings at her side. One day we stopped by her work, and when I dropped his leash he ran full-blast for his owner, not even tempted to sniff after a mouse in the bushes nearby. He seemed to be an intelligent, patient dog with a good relationship with his owner.
5 months ago
7 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
While I own two miniature schnauzers myself, I have also walked several through Wag. They are typically vocal, usually barking when you first arrive. They are brave, so will run right up to you to inspect you rather than hiding or showing fear. They are quick to warm up and very affectionate overall. They do tend to enjoy observing or interacting with small animals (such as squirrels). They are very bright, and so learn quickly.
5 months ago
3 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Jumping
Sniffing
Running
The miniature schnauzer I walked was a three year old male who was learning how to walk properly on a leash and to sit on command. He was a sweet dog who loves to jump when he got excited seeing people and other dogs and would stand on his hind legs. He loved to stop and smell almost very single plant we walked by and mark his territory frequently. He didn’t bark once even when other dogs would bark at him through fences and such. He also had a fast pace on the walk from beginning to end and didn’t seem to be tired by the thirty minutes we spent walking around his neighborhood.
5 months ago
3 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Go to Park
Fetch
They are very vocal and get protective over their owners. Most I have been around are sweet but they are definitely territorial over their owners and their space. One that I have had the most experience with barks at every person and dog they see outside.
5 months ago
1 Year
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
They are very smart, yet cute dogs! In my experience, they have a lot of energy that they need to get out, and they sometimes like to voice it with barking or playing a game of chase. They are great dogs though and very easy to walk.
5 months ago
3 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Walking
The mini schnauzers have been pleasant dogs but don't seem to be overly affectionate. They are never hostile or aggressive to both myself, or other dogs or humans that we encounter along the way. They seem to stick to themselves but do love to be out and about and stick to a pretty quick pace when on walks. The males seem to mark their territory a lot!
5 months ago
2 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Walk
barking
Mini Schnauzers are super loving and cuddly. They like to go on walks and meet new people. Some can be a little hesitant towards others but mainly super friendly.
5 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
Pweeeze!
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd