The Brussels Griffon started out in the 19th century in Brussels, Belgium, which is how the breed got its name. They were originally bred to hunt rats and mice in the stables but they were made even more popular when the breed was favored by peasants, farmers, and cab drivers as a theft deterrent. Originally, they started out as a Griffon d’Ecurie, which was a stable dog with a wiry coat. These were eventually mixed with the Pug, Affenpinscher, English Toy Spaniel, and maybe the Yorkshire Terrier as well. Even though they do not practice ratting anymore, they are still fearless and courageous so they make excellent watchdogs. There are two types of the Brussels Griffon, which include the rough and smooth coated types. Also, there are two other varieties of this breed, which are the Petit Brabancon and the Belgium Griffon, but they are not recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The Brussels Griffon was officially acknowledged by the AKC in 1910 and they are the 97th most popular dog breed in America. The Pekingese originated in China in the 8th century in the T’ang Dynasty as a lap dog. Their name comes from where the city of Peking, which is now Beijing. Their ancestry is unknown but the Chinese legend states that they came from a lion and marmoset that fell in love. They are thought to have mystical powers and were used to protect temples and palaces. The breed was only owned by royalty and they even had their own servants. During the invasion of the Imperial Summer Palace, five Pekingese were found and one was given to Queen Victoria, who carried him up her sleeve. They were acknowledged by the AKC in 1906 and are the 93rd most popular breed in America.