Hunting in Poland with scent hounds goes back as far as the 13th century where dogs helped the hunter to follow the big game through the deep forests. Nobility enjoyed hunting as a popular sport, as recorded during the 14th Century, and by the 17th century there were at least two types of Polish Scenthounds established. These were commonly known as the Polish 'brach', which was the heavier dog, and the other was the Polish Scenthound which was much lighter. After the first World War, the Polish Scenthound was still used for hunting, although their numbers had been affected by the long war. They were ideally built and bred for the difficult Polish mountains and arduous terrain. During the period of 1903 to 1979, a famous Polish cynologist named Josef Pawuslewich (who enjoyed hunting with Polish Scenthounds) became involved in developing the breed further. He wrote the first Breed Standard and through his involvement, the Polish Hunting dog was officially registered in the Polish Cynological Association. The Polish Hunting dog has strong bone structure but is not heavy; rather they are very mobile and can handle rugged mountainous conditions or regions. They were bred to hunt the deer and wild boar but were occasionally used to hunt the fox and the hare. They demonstrated a great work ethic and had the stamina to continue tracking the prey over many tortuous mountain trails. While they are not known as much outside their homeland, in Poland they are considered a rare dog and one who is valued for their scent tracking skills. They have a voice with a characteristic hound melody to alert the owner of their whereabouts but are otherwise they are quite a quiet dog who enjoys a good snuggle at the end of a busy day.
The Polish Hunting dog is said to be brave, gentle, courageous and have a solid stable temperament. They adapt well to family life, being kind and gentle with children and affectionate to all family members. The Polish Scenthound doesn't respond well to rough play so teach children to respect the dog and not to bite or pull at your dog. Always supervise children and dogs, regardless of the breed. Having been bred to be a working dog in the mountainous regions of Poland, they have a natural energy that needs an outlet. This canine is best with an active family, as they will join in all activities. They are a tireless, devoted companion. They are trainable and are keen to please their owners, but respond best to kindness and thoughtful lessons. They don't respond well to harsh training methods. Vary the lessons to retain their interest, and offer small rewards for work well done. The Polish Hunting dog is not an aggressive dog but will be wary of strangers or visitors. They make a natural watchdog and do not miss much at all that is happening in their domain.
The Polish Hunting dog is an active dog and will require a daily walk or two each day if they are not a working or hunting dog. They make a great walking or running companion, although keep them on a leash in case they catch a whiff of something interesting. They can take off and forget about you if they aren't restrained. Family games will be enthusiastically welcomed, and they love water so swimming is social entertainment for this dog. Flexible and able to manage difficult terrain without hesitation, they can make a great hiking buddy if not a hunting companion. They pick up new tricks in training quickly if you are patient and use kind commands and offer a reward treat or two. They are best in a home with a fenced yard where they can explore with the children, play games, or just chill out and relax.