French Spaniel

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45-60 lbs
21-23"
France
Epagneul Francais, French Setter, Canadian Setter

The French Spaniel is similar to the English Springer Spaniel, except he is taller and slightly heavier. He is a very outgoing dog and is friendly towards everyone. The French Spaniel should never exhibit signs of shyness or aggression towards people or other dogs. His eager to please personality makes him an endearing companion. Because of his sporting background, he will form a close bond with his owner. He does need a lot of exercise and mental stimulus because he is a high energy dog. Most French Spaniels do wonderful in dog sports such as agility, rally, fly ball or even lure coursing. 

Purpose
Net Hunting, Falconry
Date of Origin
14th Century
Ancestry
Chien d'Oysel

French Spaniel Health

Average Size
Male French Spaniel size stats
Height: 22-24 inches Weight: 45-60 lbs
Female French Spaniel size stats
Height: 21-23 inches Weight: 45-60 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Usually A Very Healthy Breed
Minor Concerns
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Eye Problems
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Epilepsy
Occasional Tests
  • OFA
  • CERF
  • Neurological Testing

French Spaniel Breed History

The French Spaniel is a very old breed and can be researched back to the 14th century. He is the oldest of the French pointing breeds. He was originally used for falconry and net hunting. It has been documented that the French Spaniel descends from a diverse varieties of hunting dogs, especially bird dogs from the Middle Ages. He became popular in France and her surrounding countries but was virtually unknown in other countries until the 1970s when the French Spaniel was imported into the Quebec, Canada. A breed club was formed in Quebec and he quickly gained popularity as a woodcock and grouse hunter. The breed club’s main goal was to preserve the French Spaniel breed standard. The Canadian Kennel Club officially recognized the French Spaniel in 1985. The French Spaniel is thought to be related to the Dutch Partridge Dog and the Small Munsterlander. He also is believed to be a direct descendent of a longhaired setter called the Chien d’Oysel. The Chien d’Oysel is believed to be the foundation dog for most pointing spaniels. The French Spaniel was used extensively in the 1600s as a game bird hunter. However, during the 19th century, the number of French Spaniels began dwindling because several English sporting breeds were brought into France. Father Fournier was an enthusiast of the breed and worked diligently to preserve the breed. The first breed standard was written in 1891 by J. de Connick. The first standard described the French Spaniel as a larger dog with more power and muscle than the Brittany Spaniel. The United Kennel Club recognized the French Spaniel in 1996. He is also recognized as a part of the American Kennel Club’s Foundation Stock Service. 

French Spaniel Breed Appearance

The French Spaniel has a proud look about him. He has a well-sculpted head, with his skull being about 1 ½ to 2 inches longer than his forehead. His brow bones are well pronounced. He has a brown nose that is wide with open nostrils. He can have either a level or scissors bite. His upper lip does not cover his lower lip, but his teeth should not be showing when his mouth is closed. Large, oval dark amber eyes give him an inquisitive look. His ears have long feathering on the top and are set in line with his eyes. His tail should never be docked, but instead be full length. He has skin that fits close to the body. His coat is dense and close fitting, it is also water resistant. Feathering can be found on the back of his legs, tail, ears and underside. He comes in four different coat colors: roan, brown and white, brown, and spotted white.

Eye Color Possibilities
amber French Spaniel eyes
Amber
Nose Color Possibilities
brown French Spaniel nose
Brown
Coat Color Possibilities
pied French Spaniel coat
Pied
white French Spaniel coat
White
brown French Spaniel coat
Brown
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
French Spaniel straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

French Spaniel Breed Maintenance

The French Spaniel should be brushed twice a week to keep his coat in good condition. Most companion French Spaniels can only be brushed once a week, however, if he is being shown in conformation events his coat does require more attention. Use a metal comb and a pin brush when grooming him. When brushing him, work through any tangles in his feathering. A spray in detangler can be used if the tangles are too big to work through. Overall, he is light shedder and should not lose a lot of hair at one time. The hair between the pads of his feet should also be trimmed every few weeks. The French Spaniel is not a hypoallergenic breed. He is does not drool heavily, usually only after he has gotten a long drink. Bathe him only when necessary using a mild shampoo, he does not generally have a strong doggy smell. His toenails will need trimmed every few weeks. 

Brushes for French Spaniel
Pin Brush
Comb
Scissors
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
French Spaniel requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

French Spaniel Temperament

The French Spaniel is an intelligent, calm companion. He is very gentle with children and other dogs, making him an ideal family companion. Overall, he is easy to train and does best when positive reinforcement is being used instead of harsh training tactics. Since he is a sporting breed, it is best to monitor him when he is around small pets such as ferrets, guinea pigs, pet birds and even cats. The French Spaniel craves human companionship. The French Spaniel, because of his need for human companionship, can easily suffer from separation anxiety. He is a friendly dog and tends to want to greet everyone, even strangers. He needs a lot of exercise and playtime to keep him happy. He loves the water so expect him to willingly play in the backyard pool. If used as a hunter, he is a precise pointer and excellent flusher in the water and on land. While he has a natural hunting instinct, in order for him to become an excellent hunter, he needs to have specific training. 

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
9 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
45 minutes

French Spaniel Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
2.8 cups
Daily Cost
$1.2 - $1.4
Monthly Cost
$34 - $45

French Spaniel Height & Weight

6 Months
Male French Spaniel size stats at six months
Height: 18 inches Weight: 25 lbs
Female French Spaniel size stats at six months
Height: 17 inches Weight: 25 lbs
12 Months
Male French Spaniel size stats at 12 months
Height: 21 inches Weight: 42 lbs
Female French Spaniel size stats at 12 months
Height: 20 inches Weight: 42 lbs
18 Months
Male French Spaniel size stats at 18 months
Height: 23 inches Weight: 52 lbs
Female French Spaniel size stats at 18 months
Height: 22 inches Weight: 52 lbs

French Spaniel Owner Experiences

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