Rajapalayam

66-77 lbs
25-30"
India
Poligar Hound

The Rajapalayam dog is a very old and rare breed of sighthound that was originally developed as a boar hunting dog. These dogs are typically pure white with pink noses and pale skin, and their eyes can come in either brown or blue, but parti-color eyes are not common. Dogs that are born with blue eyes are more likely than their brown-eyed brethren to be either deaf or blind. While these dogs are very loyal and affectionate with their owners, they tend to be rather aggressive towards strangers and other animals, so they do need early socialization to prevent dangerous behaviors from developing. 

Purpose
Hunting Boar
Date of Origin
Ancient Times
Ancestry
Unknown

Rajapalayam Health

Average Size
Male Rajapalayam size stats
Height: 25-30 inches Weight: 66-77 lbs
Female Rajapalayam size stats
Height: 25-30 inches Weight: 66-77 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Deafness
  • Congenital Eye Defects
Minor Concerns
  • Demodectic Mange
  • Skin Disorders
Occasional Diagnoses
  • None Known
Occasional Tests
  • Skin Evaluation
  • Brain Auditory Evoked Response (BAER)
  • Eye and Ear Examination

Rajapalayam Breed History

The Rajapalayam breed, also known as the Poligar hound, is a very old breed of sighthound that is believed to have been developed in the area of Tamil Nadu to hunt the wild boar that is found there, possibly by the Nayak Dynasty which ruled the area from 1529 to 1736 AD. Most records indicate that they started out as hunting dogs for royalty, but they eventually became popular with other groups a well. They developed an aggressive and protective temperament when it came to hunting which also served to make them excellent guard dogs. They are fiercely loyal and courageous when defending their home and family, and are generally unafraid to engage any sort of threat, be it human or otherwise, so they were also used as guard dogs, protecting crops, property, and people. These traits, coupled with their overall physical prowess, led to their use as war dogs throughout the three Carnatic Wars in the eighteenth century and during the Polygar Wars that occurred shortly afterward. Many people speculate that these all-white dogs contributed to the development of Dalmatian breed dogs, but there is, unfortunately, no proof of the connection at this time. As hunting became less popular, so did this particular hunting breed, with their population dropping to around two hundred dogs by the 1980s. The Kennel Club of India stepped in and launched a campaign to save the Rajapalayam in 1980-81, as well as establishing a breeding center to help increase the population of these unusual dogs. 

Rajapalayam Breed Appearance

 These are large sighthounds, generally standing at over two feet tall and weighing around seventy pounds. The Rajapalayam has long, straight legs and a deep chest, but a narrow waist and an unusual gait that is often compared to that of a Thoroughbred horse. They are more heavily boned than other sighthounds, with heavier heads and broader muzzles, designed to take down large wild boar. The triangular ears of the Rajapalayam sit high on the sides of their head and fold forward and to the sides, framing their face and their long, whiplike tails often have a pronounced curl. Their short, smooth coats are predominantly white, and they have pink noses and pale, pinkish skin. In most cases, their medium-sized, almond-shaped eyes come in a dark brown, but blue is also possible. It should be noted that dogs of this breed that are born with blue eyes are more likely to be born deaf or blind. 

Eye Color Possibilities
blue Rajapalayam eyes
Blue
brown Rajapalayam eyes
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
isabella Rajapalayam nose
Isabella
Coat Color Possibilities
white Rajapalayam coat
White
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Rajapalayam straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Rajapalayam Breed Maintenance

The Rajapalayam breed is a fairly easy breed of dog to groom; they don’t require frequent bathing and overly frequent bathing can even induce or worsen some types of skin disorders. Their short fur tends to shed regularly but a thorough but gentle brushing two or three times a week will help to control it, and their ears should be checked for dirt and debris on a regular basis to avoid infection. These dogs do have a tendency to develop skin problems and have a natural distaste for being handled, so it is important to start grooming at an early age to prevent aggressive responses from these canines. 

Brushes for Rajapalayam
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Rajapalayam requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Rajapalayam Temperament

These dogs are known to be extremely loyal to their owners and are often good with older children bonding quickly and becoming playful and affectionate companions, but they are not fond of being touched and generally do not make the best companions for younger children, so they should be carefully monitored during any interactions with the younger set. They are frequently standoffish or aggressive towards strangers and other dogs, and their high prey drive makes them inappropriate for households with multiple pets. Early socialization is essential for this breed if they are to curb this type of behavior and get along well with others. Training should also begin early with this breed in order to maximize their potential. They are intelligent dogs, but they are also said to be highly distractable, making training these dogs a challenge. They work best with consistent and firm training methods, and will often rebel if their original trainer is changed. 

Rajapalayam Activity Requirements

These dogs are generally quite active and need at least an hour of vigorous activity each day. While long walks and jogs will always be appreciated, these dogs do best if they have a little time to play and romp a little bit off-lead and are generally happiest in a larger home with a secured yard to play in. These dogs are primarily sighthounds and will likely enjoy activities that engage their prey drive, like lure coursing, but they also have an excellent sense of smell and with some effort can be taught to track as well, although it does not come as naturally to them. 

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
14 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Rajapalayam Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
Daily Cost
$1.50 - $1.90
Monthly Cost
$39.00 - $52.00

Rajapalayam Height & Weight

6 Months
Male Rajapalayam size stats at six months
Height: 23 inches Weight: 49 lbs
Female Rajapalayam size stats at six months
Height: 23 inches Weight: 49 lbs
12 Months
Male Rajapalayam size stats at 12 months
Height: 26 inches Weight: 64 lbs
Female Rajapalayam size stats at 12 months
Height: 26 inches Weight: 64 lbs
18 Months
Male Rajapalayam size stats at 18 months
Height: 27 inches Weight: 71 lbs
Female Rajapalayam size stats at 18 months
Height: 27 inches Weight: 71 lbs

Rajapalayam Owner Experiences

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