Yorkshire Terrier

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5-7 lbs

The Yorkshire Terrier of today is a very small dog who is primarily a companion dog. The original Yorkie was much bigger than Yorkshire Terrier of today. He was used for hunting small rodents and other vermin. It is likely that the Yorkshire was a mixture of other Terriers with a bit of Maltese peppered in; these Terriers include the Skye Terrier, Dandie Dinmont, Manchester Terrier, and the now-extinct Paisley or Clydesdale Terrier. Over the years, the brave little hunting dog became more fashionable as a companion dog; they are so small now that women carry them either in bags or under their arms. The Yorkie was first recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885.

small vermin hunting
Date of Origin
waterside, manchester, paisley, skye, dandie dinmont terriers

Yorkshire Terrier Health

Average Size
Height: 8-9 inches Weight: 5-7 lbs
Height: 8-9 inches Weight: 5-7 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Portacaval Shunt
  • Tracheal Collapse
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
Minor Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
Occasional Tests
  • Eye
  • Knee
  • Liver Ultrasound
  • X-Rays
  • Endoscopy

Yorkshire Terrier Breed History

The Yorkshire Terrier got its name from its place of origin  and the fact that it is from the Terrier family. The Industrial Revolution not only brought the rise of production lines and factories, but it brought Scottish people to England to work. With them, they brought the Clydesdale or Paisley Terrier, a dog that is now extinct. Experts believe the Paisley was used to catch rats in the factories and mills. The Paisley was crossed with other Terriers such as the English Black and Tan Toy Terrier and the Skye Terrier. A long-haired Terrier with a blue-gray coat known as the Waterside Terrier may have also been crossbred. The father of the modern Yorkshire Terrier, Huddersfield Ben, became a popular show dog in the late 1800s. The British Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1874. The first Yorkshire Terrier club in England was formed in 1872. 

Yorkshire Terrier Breed Appearance

The Yorkshire Terrier is a very small dog. He generally weighs less than seven pounds. He is classified as a “toy” dog. His head is small with a medium-sized muzzle. His teeth meet in a level bite. His nose is black, and he has medium-sized eyes that are usually a dark brown. His ears are erect and v-shaped. He has round feet with black toenails, and his dewclaws are usually removed. His tail is carried higher than the dog’s back, and it is usually docked to medium length. The Yorkshire Terrier boasts a long, fine, silky coat which normally falls straight on either side of the dog’s back. Generally, the coat is a steel blue and tan color. The tan is from the elbows and down on the dog’s legs; the rest of his coat is blue. Puppies are usually brown, black and tan, and their coat changes as they mature. Some owners choose to trim the hair on the top of the Yorkie’s head or to pull it back and clasp it in a band in order to keep the hair from getting in the dog’s food bowl.

Eye Color Possibilities
Nose Color Possibilities
Coat Color Possibilities
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Yorkshire Terrier Breed Maintenance

The Yorkie must be regularly groomed. His long, fine hair can become matted without regular brushing. Long coats require hours of grooming; most owners clip the coat closely. Those with this type of coat should be brushed daily. The Yorkie requires daily exercise. Because of his size, it is highly important that a Yorkie live inside with his family. Extra care must also be given to make sure that children do not get too rough with the Yorkie as he can be severely injured. His nails should be clipped twice a month, and daily tooth brushing will prevent gum disease and bad breath. 

Brushes for Yorkshire Terrier
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Yorkshire Terrier Temperament

The Yorkshire Terrier is a highly energetic, adventurous dog. He is a wonderful companion and is highly affectionate toward his owner. He is brave, highly intelligent and alert. Caution should be taken in order to make sure that owners establish they are the pack leader so that the dog does not develop Small Dog Syndrome. Yorkies that develop Small Dog Syndrome are often neurotic, nervous, yappy, or snappy. It is important to establish firm, consistent rules that your Yorkie understands. However, with proper training, the Yorkie is normally a beloved companion. It is better suited for families with older children who understand how to handle a dog, especially a dog as small as a Yorkie. They are excellent watchdogs, but they can also be difficult to housebreak. Firm, consistent training will help you to establish that you are the pack leader and will help you to enjoy the sweet, lovable Yorkie.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
6 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
30 minutes

Yorkshire Terrier Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
0.8 cups
Daily Cost
$0.8 - $1
Monthly Cost
$20 - $30

Yorkshire Terrier Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 4 inches Weight: 3 lbs
Height: 4 inches Weight: 3 lbs
12 Months
Height: 7 inches Weight: 5 lbs
Height: 7 inches Weight: 5 lbs
18 Months
Height: 8 inches Weight: 6 lbs
Height: 8 inches Weight: 6 lbs

Top Yorkshire Terrier Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Yorkshire Terrier breeders of 2017.
Empyrean Yorkie’s LLC
Norman, Indiana
Bricriu Kennels
Palm Bay, Florida
PalmRidge Show Dogs
Sparks, Nevada
AnnStef Yorkshire Terriers
Bowling Green, Kentucky
TyAva Yorkies
Marietta, Georgia
Paradise Yorkies
Columbia, South Carolina
Southern Yorkies
Myrtle Beach, South Carolina
Bourbon Street Yorkshire Terriers
Surprise, Arizona
Dearinger Yorkshire Terriers
San Diego, California
Char's Luvable Yorkies
Ruffs Dale, Pennsylvania

Yorkshire Terrier Owner Experiences