Yorkshire Terrier

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5-7 lbs
The Yorkshire Terrier is a breed that is a purposeful mix of other terriers most likely including the Waterside Terrier, Clydesdale Terrier, Paisley Terrier, rough-coated English Black and Tan Terrier, and perhaps even the Skye Terrier, Dandie Dinmont Terrier, and Maltese.
small vermin-hunting
Date of Origin

Yorkshire Terrier Health

Average Size
Height: 8-9 inches Weight: 5-7 lbs
Height: 8-9 inches Weight: 5-7 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Portacaval Shunt
  • Tracheal Collapse
  • Leggs–Perthes
Minor Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
Occasional Tests
  • (Eye)
  • (Knee)
  • Liver Ultrasound

Yorkshire Terrier Breed History

The Waterside Terrier – a small, longhaired dog that is blue-gray in color – is the most prominent breed in the modern Yorkie. This elegant-looking dog is a product of the working class and was originally bred to catch rats. Initially it was looked down upon by the upper class, however it’s obvious beauty soon swayed the skeptics. Soon the tiny dogs were appearing in dog shows and on the laps of affluent mistresses. In 1872, the first Yorkshire Terrier was born in America, however by the 1880s the breed varied in size from 7 to as much as 14 pounds. Breeders and fanciers in both America and over seas decided that the smaller size with longer hair was preferred, and soon the Yorkie grew into the tiny dog with the lavishly long coat that it is today.

Yorkshire Terrier Breed Appearance

The Yorkshire Terrier has a compact body with long, glossy hair that is perfectly straight. The colorings are a deep steel blue from head to tail, while its face, feet, and chest are a clear tan. Yorkies carry their heads high in the air with a sense of confidence and self-importance.

Yorkshire Terrier Breed Maintenance

The Yorkshire Terrier requires daily brushing of its long hair to prevent knots and keep its luxurious shine. It is an active breed that will get plenty of exercise within the home, but its intelligence requires the mental stimulation of games. Yorkies enjoy short walks outside, however it is by no means an outside pet, as its coat requires much maintenance.

Yorkshire Terrier Breed Activity Requirements

Yorkies are friendly and intelligent, but dislike roughhousing. Some say they are big dogs in a small dog’s body, because of their bold and confident nature. Yorkshire Terriers are eager for adventure and do well in urban or rural living. These dogs are good watchdogs in that they tend to bark at other dogs, small animals, and strangers; however they can be trained not to bark as much. They are easily trained, but be careful not to spoil them. These very affectionate dogs aim to please.