Siberian Huskies were developed by an indigenous native tribe in Russia known as the Chukchi people, at some point in prehistory. The original Siberian Huskies or their ancestors were probably used to hunt, and at some point, they began to pull the sleds of the nomadic people they lived with, allowing them to travel farther and more quickly. They were an integral part of the Chukchi people’s everyday lives and were bred to be not only energetic and enduring but also to be companionable. In the early years of the 1900’s Siberian Huskies were brought to Alaska to be entered into the All Alaska Sweepstakes race, and they excelled. Several of the teams made up of Siberian Huskies won the yearly competitions before they were canceled due to the entry of the United States into World War I. It was in 1925, well after the races had been canceled, that these sled dogs made their best-known contribution to American history. That was the winter of that year that a diphtheria epidemic hit the small town of Nome, an epidemic that put everyone in the region at risk, around 10,000 people. In order to deliver the Serum to villagers, twenty sled drivers and over one hundred dogs, the majority of them Siberian Huskies, undertook the grueling 658-mile trip to pick up the needed medicine in a town known as Nulato and bring it back to Nome. A trip that should have taken twenty-five days was made in just under six, and it was made in unbearable conditions. Drivers sometimes ran alongside the sleds to keep warm, they endured severe frostbite to the face and hands to get the serum to Nome, and at least four dogs died on the journey. The last leg of the journey had Gunnar Kaasen driving the team, but it was the dogs that brought the serum home as the conditions made it impossible for him to see even the two dogs closest to the sled. Balto, a mixed breed of Siberian Husky decent and the highly talented lead dog of the last leg of the journey, received the greatest public acclaim, but it is important to remember all of the dogs that ran tirelessly in this race for survival. It was shortly after this, in 1930, that the Siberian Husky was recognized by the AKC and they are the 12th most popular dog breed as of this writing.