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9-22 lbs
Mexican Hairless, Tepeizeuintli
The Xoloitzcuintle or Xoloitzcuintli – pronounced, "show low eats queent lee,” – is also known as the Mexican Hairless. This breed was considered an earthly form of the god Xolotl, whose task was to accompany souls to their final resting place. For this reason, the Aztec people would sacrifice a Xolo in order to be buried with it.
Food, sacrifice, companionship, hunting, protection and also for medicinal and curative purposes
Date of Origin
Ancient, Pre-Columbian times
Spitz and Primitive Types

Xoloitzcuintle Health

Average Size
Height: 13-22 inches Weight: 9-31 lbs
Height: 9-31 inches Weight: 13-22 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Bordatella (Kennel Cough)
Minor Concerns
  • Dry Skin
  • Sunburn And Tears From Other Dogs
Occasional Tests
  • Bordatella (Kennel Cough)

Xoloitzcuintle Breed History

Owners also slept with this breed for warmth. For a long time people thought the Xolo had a higher body temperature, however it only feels that way due to its hairlessness. This breed was eaten due to the belief that it had curative powers over various physical problems such as arthritis. In addition, the Xoloitzcuintle was a convenient source of protein. The ancient people raised herds of this breed, fattened the young for the market, and sold as food. The Xolo is a rare breed, even in Mexico. In 1956, members of the Federacion Canofila Mexicana began a registration and breeding program for the dogs to counteract its near extinction. As Europeans brought the dogs to the New World, the breed was diluted, however the hairless gene was strong enough to maintain the familiar look the Xolo. Prior to 1974, the Xoloitzcuintle was listed in the non-sporting group, but Mexicans believed that placing it in the working group would uphold its traditional image. More recently, the breed was moved to the spitz and primitive group.

Xoloitzcuintle Breed Appearance

The Xoloitzcuintle varies in size from very small, like a Chihuahua, to as large as a Doberman. It is slightly longer than it is tall, and females may be longer than males. The most notable characteristic is the breed’s complete or near-complete lack of hair. Some members of this breed have tufts of hair or “powderpuff” fur that falls in heavy folds on its neck and body. Both varieties can be reddish gray, black, elephant gray, dark bronze, gray-black, and sometimes coffee with pink spots with soft, smooth skin.

Xoloitzcuintle Breed Maintenance

The hairless Xoloitzcuintle requires skin care, such as sunscreen or other appropriate protection from the elements. The powderpuff variety requires regular brushing to help with shedding. This breed is odorless and an excellent choice for allergy sufferers. The Xolo thrives on human interaction and enjoys family life more than anything else. It does not require much exercise other than walks and playtime.

Xoloitzcuintle Breed Activity Requirements

The Xoloitzcuintle is affectionate, attentive, quiet, and easy to train. Training should be neither too lax or too harsh. Pups may grow fearful and insecure if it is not raised with early socialization and firm, but not severe, handling. The Xolo makes a great watchdog due to its wariness of strangers, and the larger members of the breed will take cues from its master in terms of responding to strangers. The Xoloitzcuintle are natural vegetarians, and many enjoy carrots instead of rawhide toys.