The Saint Shepherd is still rare since it has not been around very long so you have to look at the backgrounds of the parent breeds, the German Shepherd and Saint Bernard. The German Shepherd originated in Germany in the late 19th century as a working farm dog to herd and guard the livestock. They are fearless and loyal so they make excellent guard dogs for both the cattle and the family. The German Shepherd was developed by Max von Stephanitz, a captain in the German Calvary. He reportedly bred the German Shepherd from local shepherd breeds with different varieties of hair. Besides working on farms, they were used to deliver supplies to the military during WWI and became greatly respected due to their courage and bravery. The German Shepherd was originally named the German Sheepdog and was changed to Shepherd by the American Kennel Club when they were officially accepted in 1908. The German Shepherd Dog Club of America was born in 1913 by Anne Tracy and Ben Throop in Connecticut and the breed is still the 2nd most common dog breed in the United States. Originally from Switzerland, the Saint Bernard has been guarding and rescuing people since 980 A.D. They are thought to be bred from the Great Pyrenees, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, Great Dane, and the Tibetan Mastiff. According to the legends, the breed started out in the Swiss Alps and were named after their founder, Saint Bernard de Menthon. Switzerland hospitals used these giant dogs to assist people who were travelling through dangerous Alpine areas between Italy and Switzerland. They were also used to rescue victims of avalanches and other disasters because of their uncanny ability to smell a person buried underneath the snow. The dogs worked in teams and when a victim was found, one dog would stay with them and keep them warm while the other would go get help. One famous Saint Bernard, Barry, was known for saving over 40 victims between 1800 and 1810. They were accepted by the American Kennel Club in 1885 where they are the 49th most well-liked dog in America.