Saint Bernese

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110-170 lbs
26-32"
United States
Saint Bernard
Bernese Mountain Dog
Saint Berner
The Saint Bernese is the offspring of the cross between a Saint Bernard dog and a Bernese Mountain Dog - both very large working type of dogs. Mild in nature, they are very easy to integrate into a family. Children will love this massive dog with its gentle ways and patient nature. As a puppy they are adorable with their oversized paws, soft fluffy fur and boundless energy. These dogs are easy to socialise and mix well with other household pets and dogs. While they are young, take them out for short gentle walks while their soft bones mature to avoid any injury that may affect them later in life. Keep them away from stairs or jumping off heights to avoid damaging their growing bones. The Saint Bernese puppy will love a selection of toys to share with the family, children will have a ready playmate who always wants to play. The Saint Bernese is a people dog, they prefer being with you as much as possible. They are surprisingly calm and careful when inside, moving quietly so as not to knock anything over. Always a starter, they will welcome a chance to come with you and the family on any outing you please. They don't care where you are going or why, they just want to be part of it. These dogs are not a long living animal, sadly they only live between six and ten years, but those years are bound to full of fun and laughter with this happy dog around.
Purpose
Companion
Date of Origin
1990s
Ancestry
Saint Bernard, Bernese Mountain Dog

Saint Bernese Health

Average Size
Height: 28-35 inches Weight: 120-180 lbs
Height: 26-32 inches Weight: 110-170 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Canine Hip Dysplasia (Chd)
  • Von Willebrand's Disease
  • Cancer
  • Gastric Dilation Volvulus (GDV) or Bloat
  • Spinal Issues
Minor Concerns
  • Allergies
  • Obesity
  • Eye Infections
  • Eye Conditions
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Hyperthyroidism
Occasional Tests
  • Eye Examinations
  • Urinalysis
  • Complete Blood Count
  • Buccal Mucosal Screening
  • Complete Ophthalmologic Examination
  • Full Body Physical Examination
  • Skin Biopsy or Intradermal Tests for specific allergies
  • Skin Scrapings and Biopsies
  • X-rays or other radiographic imaging
  • Electrocardiograph (ECG - measures rate and rhythm)

Saint Bernese Breed History

The Saint Bernese is a rare hybrid dog without much known about its development. Therefore we need to look at the parent dogs to understand the characteristics the Saint Bernese will inherit. The Saint Bernard has his roots in the Roman Molossian dogs but in 1670 the breed developed into the fabulous dog that saved so many people. The St. Bernard Hospice was a refuge for travellers crossing the rugged icy terrain between Switzerland and Italy. The monks soon discovered the Saint Bernard was an excellent tracker in the deep snow and were adept at finding lost travellers. These amazing dogs would find the person and lick the persons face then lie beside them to keep them warm, reviving them and warming them which enabled them to survive. The dogs continued this tradition for three centuries and are credited with saving over 2000 lives. During the 1800s many of these amazing dogs were lost to severe weather, disease and inbreeding. Eventually they were crossed with the Newfoundland dog in 1830 to strengthen the breed. The first Saints arrived in England in 1810 and they caught the eye of American dog fanciers 1880. By the 1900s the Saint Bernard became very popular as a loving, mellow dog that made an excellent devoted companion. The Bernese Mountain Dog is the only one to have fairly long, silky hair among the Swiss Mountain dogs. Some believe this dog goes back to when the Romans invaded Switzerland, and the Roman Mastiffs were crossed with native flock-guarding dogs. The result was a dog that could withstand the harsh Alpine weather and they were used to guard, drove, and herd as well as being a general farm dog. By the late 1800s though, numbers had declined dramatically but thankfully a professor, Albert Heim, took the effort to study and promote the dog, which increased its numbers throughout Switzerland and Europe. These dogs made ideal companions when caught out by blizzards or freezing weather and many a farmer credited these dogs with keeping them warm enough to survive the ordeal. The finest dogs came from the Durrbach area and were known by the name of Durrbachier dogs. As their popularity grew, the name was changed to Bernese Mountain Dog. They first arrived in American in 1926 and were formally recognised by the American Kennel Club in 1937. The Bernese Mountain dog can still be found today working on farms or ranches, as well as being cossetted lovingly by owners around the cities as a treasured companion dog.

Saint Bernese Breed Appearance

The Saint Bernese is the offspring of the cross between a Saint Bernard dog and a Bernese Mountain Dog - both large dogs. The result is a giant dog that can weigh up to 120 pounds. These gentle giants are lovable dogs, solid and tall in stature, with a dense coat thick coat. Their body  is well proportioned with the body being longer than it is tall. They have a deep chest, and a solid sturdy body that is well muscled. Their strong legs are well suited to match their heavy body, and their paws are rounded and almost the size of a bear paw. Floppy  ears either side of the head frames their face and a pointed muzzle give this dog a look of anticipation and alertness. The eyes are round, dark, expressive and large. The Saint Bernese does drool a bit and has floppy lips, but their happy face and lovely nature will make them a popular companion. Built like a work horse with a lot of power and energy, these dogs do need an active family to help them burn up some of their energy.
Eye Color Possibilities
Brown
Amber
Nose Color Possibilities
Black
Coat Color Possibilities
White
Brown
Black
Pied
Isabella
Cream
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Saint Bernese Breed Maintenance

The dense coat of the Saint Bernese does take a lot of brushing to keep it in order and to remove the hair being shed. These dogs do shed quite a lot so if you are not into cleaning fur off your floor and furniture on a daily basis the Saint Bernese may not be for you. A good strong bristle brushing daily will remove most stray hairs and prevent your dogs hair from matting. Bathing can be an effort but luckily these dogs don't need it very often. Remember to use a special dog shampoo that is mild and gentle on their skin. Their eyes are prone to problems so check for redness and weeping, it may need checking by your veterinarian to clear it up. Ears also need checking in case a build up of dirt and wax causes inflammation. Toenails need a trim, especially if they are making a clicking noise across your floor - a sure sign that they are too long. Just a little trim, be careful not to trim into the nail bed which may cause your dog pain. Finally a good teeth brushing in and around the floppy chops of this large dog. While it may take time, prevention is always far easier than treating a problem.
Brushes for Saint Bernese
Pin Brush
Comb
Deshedder
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Saint Bernese Temperament

These huge lovable dogs have a mellow personality and are known for their are calm, trustworthy and affectionate ways. Incredibly loyal, they make ideal companions and family dogs. They are patient and tolerant of small children, and love playing with them or watching out for them as they will be their protectors. These gentle giants are smart dogs, but can be a little stubborn at times. Keeping training fun, and keep the sessions short so your dog doesn't become bored and lose their focus. Like most dogs, they respond well to praise and the occasional treat. Don't be too generous with the treats though, as they can put on weight easily which can lead to health problems. This is an ideal dog to accompany you on a walk for even when you go cycling, they will lope alongside you although they may want to stop and explore at times. Saint Bernese puppies are the cutest bundles of cuddles, but during their growth phase be careful not to over exercise them until their bones are stronger. They take a while to mature so they seem to puppies for longer than most dogs. But this only makes the Saint Bernese even more adorable to their owners. Treat stubbornness with patience and try using positive reinforcement to get past it. These dogs are adaptable to most climates except the extreme heat. Apartment living is not for them as their size can be overwhelming in a small space, but they are at home in a house with a yard big enough for them to explore and play in. The Saint Bernese is not an aggressive dog although their sheer size may be enough to deter any prowlers. Quiet, thoughtful, yet kind of goofy at times - this gentle dog relishes time with the family and will be a loyal and devoted companion.

Saint Bernese Activity Requirements

The Saint Bernese is an active dog who will enjoy a daily walk or trot beside you as you run. They are not hyperactive, but still like plenty to do each day. These mild mannered pooches also enjoy time meeting their friends in the dog park, and it is a great way to socialise them to accept other people and dogs. At home they enjoy games and are gentle with children although their size can bowl over little ones unintentionally at times so supervise playtime carefully. These dogs are perfect for active families and they love to be part of tramping or exploring the countryside. They respond well to training but do have a stubborn streak to be aware of. The Saint Bernese is not an apartment dog, they take up way too much room and need a lot of space to exercise in. They are far better suited to a house with a large fenced yard. The Saint Bernese is an intelligent dog who loves to please, so keep them busy, take them for walks and they will happily snooze at your feet in the evenings.
Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
12 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Saint Bernese Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3.5 cups
Daily Cost
$2.8 - $3
Monthly Cost
$80 - $90

Saint Bernese Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 15 inches Weight: 42 lbs
Height: 13 inches Weight: 35 lbs
12 Months
Height: 21 inches Weight: 100 lbs
Height: 19 inches Weight: 90 lbs
18 Months
Height: 31 inches Weight: 150 lbs
Height: 29 inches Weight: 141 lbs

Saint Bernese Owner Experiences

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