The Saint Bernese is a rare hybrid dog without much known about its development. Therefore we need to look at the parent dogs to understand the characteristics the Saint Bernese will inherit. The Saint Bernard has his roots in the Roman Molossian dogs but in 1670 the breed developed into the fabulous dog that saved so many people. The St. Bernard Hospice was a refuge for travellers crossing the rugged icy terrain between Switzerland and Italy. The monks soon discovered the Saint Bernard was an excellent tracker in the deep snow and were adept at finding lost travellers. These amazing dogs would find the person and lick the persons face then lie beside them to keep them warm, reviving them and warming them which enabled them to survive. The dogs continued this tradition for three centuries and are credited with saving over 2000 lives. During the 1800s many of these amazing dogs were lost to severe weather, disease and inbreeding. Eventually they were crossed with the Newfoundland dog in 1830 to strengthen the breed. The first Saints arrived in England in 1810 and they caught the eye of American dog fanciers 1880. By the 1900s the Saint Bernard became very popular as a loving, mellow dog that made an excellent devoted companion. The Bernese Mountain Dog is the only one to have fairly long, silky hair among the Swiss Mountain dogs. Some believe this dog goes back to when the Romans invaded Switzerland, and the Roman Mastiffs were crossed with native flock-guarding dogs. The result was a dog that could withstand the harsh Alpine weather and they were used to guard, drove, and herd as well as being a general farm dog. By the late 1800s though, numbers had declined dramatically but thankfully a professor, Albert Heim, took the effort to study and promote the dog, which increased its numbers throughout Switzerland and Europe. These dogs made ideal companions when caught out by blizzards or freezing weather and many a farmer credited these dogs with keeping them warm enough to survive the ordeal. The finest dogs came from the Durrbach area and were known by the name of Durrbachier dogs. As their popularity grew, the name was changed to Bernese Mountain Dog. They first arrived in American in 1926 and were formally recognised by the American Kennel Club in 1937. The Bernese Mountain dog can still be found today working on farms or ranches, as well as being cossetted lovingly by owners around the cities as a treasured companion dog.