Golden Mountain Dog

75-110 lbs
United States
Golden Retriever
Bernese Mountain Dog
Bernese Golden Mountain Dog

The Golden Mountain Dog isn’t a purebred, but the result of breeding the loveable, playful Golden Retriever with the powerful, yet gentle, Bernese Mountain Dog. As such, this Bernese Mountain Dog and Golden Retriever mix has an abundance of qualities that makes it a perfect family pet and companion dog. If you’re keen to discover more, we’ve covered some of the most important factors you need to know about Golden Mountain Dogs — including particular health risks to be aware of, temperament, exercise needs and more.

Read our guide to the Golden Mountain Dog to discover: 

  • Despite its name, the Golden Mountain Dog is usually black or brown in color
  • Golden Mountain Dogs typically favor a colder climate to live in
  • Like its parent breeds, it can be prone to hip or elbow dysplasia, and bloat
  • That thick coat needs daily grooming to stay in lustrous condition

Golden Mountain Dog breed overview

The Golden Mountain Dog is a large mixed breed that has two of the most popular breeds in the US as its parents. According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), which publishes a list of the most popular breeds every — based on registration figures — the Golden Retriever ranked No.3 and the Bernese Mountain Dog No. 22 in its latest report.

As a Bernese Mountain Dog mixed with Golden Retriever, it’s no surprise that the Golden Mountain Dog is also becoming a much-loved hybrid. Although it’s not recognised by the AKC — as it’s not a purebred — the Golden Mountain Dog is listed by the American Canine Hybrid Club.

Golden Mountain Dogs are big — but renowned for being big, loyal softies. If you’ve set your heart on adding one to your family, be sure to look up reputable breeders of Golden Mountain puppies. Some AKC-registered breeders of Bernese Mountain Dogs may also produce the Bernese Golden mix, too. And, bear in mind rescue centers may have Golden Mountain Dogs who need a new home.

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purpose Purpose
Companion dog, good at herding or retrieving
history Date of Origin
ancestry Ancestry
Golden Retriever and Bernese Mountain Dog

Golden Mountain Dog Health

Average Size
Male Golden Mountain Dog size stats
Height: 26-28 inches Weight: 80-120 lbs
Female Golden Mountain Dog size stats
Height: 24-26 inches Weight: 75-110 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Heart Problems
  • Von Willebrand's Disease
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Cancer
Minor Concerns
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Epilepsy
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Bloat
Occasional Tests
  • X-Rays
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Blood Work
  • Full Physical Examination
  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Blood Glucose Tests
  • Physical and Neurologic Examination

Golden Mountain Dog Breed History

So, we know that the Golden Mountain Dog is a Bernese Mountain Dog mixed with a Golden Retriever, but what’s the history of this gorgeous-looking hybrid? Well, like many mixed breeds and hybrids, it’s completely clear; some reports suggest Golden Mountain Dogs were established in the 1970s, others claim the 1990s or even 2000s. Regardless, it seems accepted that this is a relatively new type of dog.

However, plenty is known about the history and heritage of its parent breeds. The Golden Retriever dates right back to Scotland in the late 1800s, and was first recognised by the AKC in 1925. They were traditionally used as sporting dogs, working in the field to retrieve fallen game and wildfowl for hunters.

The Bernese Mountain Dog was welcomed by the AKC a few years later than that, in 1937. It emerged as a working dog in Switzerland — having originated from a combination of the Mastiff and Molossus dogs — where it was used to carry out tasks on farms, often in difficult weather conditions.

Golden Mountain Dog Breed Appearance

If you’re already the pet parent of a Golden Mountain Dog, you’ve probably already been stopped countless times while walking your pup to be told, “what a gorgeous dog!” Now, truth be told, here at Wag! we think all dogs are adorable but have to admit that there’s something especially attractive about Golden Mountain Dogs.

These are big, handsome boys and girls. A full grown Golden Mountain Dog can stand up to 28 inches in height, and weigh up to 120 lbs (females may be slightly smaller, but still on the large side) so they certainly don’t blend into the background.

Goldens have a solid, well-proportioned body, covered by a thick and dense coat. Colors can range but are rarely a full ‘gold’ — typically, these dogs are black or dark brown, with patches of white or gold. 

Its head is rounded slightly, and it has ears that flop down to around the jawline. Legs are sturdy and strong, and paws are large. A Golden Mountain Dog tends to also have large, expressive eyes and a generally warm and happy look on its face.

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Golden Mountain Dog eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Golden Mountain Dog nose
Coat Color Possibilities
brindle Golden Mountain Dog coat
brown Golden Mountain Dog coat
white Golden Mountain Dog coat
black Golden Mountain Dog coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
Golden Mountain Dog straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Golden Mountain Dog Breed Maintenance

You’re going to be busy if you have a Golden Mountain Dog — it needs a lot of grooming to maintain that coat. It requires almost daily brushing to keep it at its best, and it’s a coat that almost seems to be in a constant state of shedding (though it sheds less during the winter). Your home will need more frequent vacuuming as a result — but isn’t that a small price to pay in return for the privilege of having one of these beauties in your home?

That thick coat, incidentally, has been designed to protect Golden Mountain Dogs from cold weather — it’s a throwback to the Bernese parent breed working in the Swiss Alps — so it prefers a cooler temperature. If you live in a warmer part of the US, then a Golden will probably find life uncomfortable at times, in the heat.

Other than that, make routine checks of ears to prevent any potential infection, trim nails when necessary, and brush teeth reasonably regularly. You should only bathe a Golden Mountain Dog when needed, and use a gentle soap when you do to preserve the waterproof coat.

Golden Mountain Dog health

While it’s sometimes thought that mixed or hybrid breeds of dogs are healthier than purebreds — the suggestion being that cross-breeding eradicates the genetic issues in certain  breeds — that’s not really been proven. In any case, all dogs can get ill on occasion and the Golden Mountain Dog is no different.

As this dog is a Bernese Mountain Dog and Golden Retriever mix, there’s a risk it may experience health conditions that are associated with its parent breeds. These include:

Hip and elbow dysplasia

Golden Mountain Dogs are one of many breeds that can be affected by either hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, or both. It’s a common issue with both Golden Retrievers and Bernese Mountain Dogs; large breeds can be more susceptible.

Hip dysplasia occurs when there’s malformation of the ball and socket in the hip joint; sometimes in both. This affects movement — instead of being smooth, it grinds, causing obvious discomfort. Elbow dysplasia is essentially a form of arthritis in the elbow joint. It can occur because of genetic developments but also due to other factors — including in large breeds who grow rapidly, or who might be overweight.


Bloat is the term often used for stomach dilation or gastric dilatation volvulus. Large breeds, with deep chests, are thought to be more at risk of a condition that, at its most serious, can be life threatening. Eating food too quickly, and eating too soon after exercise, can lead to bloat; as dogs age, they can be at more risk.

Von Willebrand’s disease

Von Willebrand’s disease is an inherited bleeding disorder, with Golden Retrievers among the breeds most commonly affected (though Doberman Pinschers are most seriously affected), sadly. It’s a genetic disease, though some dogs won’t display any symptoms as a puppy, but later in life. Dogs with Von Willebrand’s disease might bleed for a prolonged period after surgery, or bleed excessively from a minor injury. There’s no cure for the condition, though it can be managed.


Hypothyroidism can occur in dogs who have thyroid issues. It results in an increased metabolic rate, so if you notice that your dog’s losing weight despite eating normally — or showing an increased appetite — it’s a tell-tale symptom of hypothyroidism. Blood tests are needed to diagnose the condition, and treatment options depend on whether it’s a thyroid issue, or a tumor causing the problem.

It’s highly likely that your dog, whatever breed it is, will experience a health issue during their lifetime. Do you have pet insurance in place to help with the cost of treatment? Find the best pet insurance deals in seconds here.

Why not sign up to a wellness plan, which covers annual vaccinations and vet appointments? 

Feeding a Golden Mountain Dog — what’s the best diet? 

A big dog like the Golden Mountain Dog has a big appetite, but it’s important to pay attention to portion control and the type of food you provide your pup.

The best type food for Golden Mountain Dogs will be recipes that have been specially formulated for large breeds. That usually means food that delivers the right amount of protein, carbs and essential vitamins but also helps to protect joints as large dogs can be vulnerable to such issues. Ideally, recipes should also be formulated to prevent weight gain, which, again, can be a big problem in bigger dogs.

It’s also recommended that you consider diets for the life stages of your dog. Puppies will need food for growth and development; senior dogs may need fewer calories as they age. There are lots of options available — read our recommendations for best dog for large dogs, and best puppy food for large dogs. We also have suggestions for dog food for Golden Retrievers and for Bernese Mountain Dogs, the parent breeds of the Golden Mountain Dog. Either are good starting points for your research.

You can also read more in-depth reviews of dog food brands — including analysis of ingredients — at our partner website, Dog Food Advisor.

Brushes for Golden Mountain Dog
Pin Brush
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Golden Mountain Dog requires daily brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Golden Mountain Dog Temperament

Golden Mountain Dogs have a reputation for being gentle giants — and that’s accurate. Affectionate, doting and loyal are all qualities that spring to mind when discussing this breed. They’re generally calm and good-natured, and love being a part of a family. Once they’ve bonded with you, don’t be surprised to see them rarely leave your side around the home; they worship their pet parents.

Because a Golden Mountain Dog is a people-pleaser — and intelligent, too — it’s easy to train. Remember, it comes from a working and sporting breed heritage, so carrying out tasks is second nature. Even if you have no intention of your dog being anything other than a pet, you should find that by implementing early training and socialization your Golden Mountain Dog will be obedient and well behaved. Golden Mountain puppies are especially receptive; expose them to children, other pets and other dogs — when out walking — and you shouldn’t have any behavioral issues.

Of course, as a pet parent you need to keep your side of the bargain, too. Like most dogs, the Golden Mountain won’t just amuse itself. Your dog needs to be mentally and physically stimulated so it thrives; they like to be active and engaged, so if you’re reluctant to take much exercise yourself, this probably isn’t the breed for you.

An hour’s exercise every day is the aim. That’s a long walk twice a day, ideally also with access to outdoor space, such as a yard or back garden. The Golden Mountain Dog will happily join you for a jog, or run around the beach or park. In addition to exercise, plenty of play is a good idea — tug of war games, fetch and training exercises all work well. You can read our guide to activities for Golden Mountain Dogs here.

Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
10 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes
activity minutes

Golden Mountain Dog Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
4 cups
cup per day cost cup per day cost cup per day cost cup per day cost
Daily Cost
$2.75 - $3.00
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$80.00 - $90.00
food bag monthly cost

Golden Mountain Dog Owner Experiences

11 Months
4 People
House & Yard
good so far had not very long
4 years, 2 months ago
6 Months
4 People
House & Yard
I love my golden mountain dog. We have had her for about four months. She is very smart and loves the people
3 years, 1 month ago
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Question - New pet

Are they good swimmers ??

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