4-9 lbs
United States
Japanese Chin
The Japillon is a designer mix of the purebred Japanese Chin and Papillon.  Both parent breeds are toy-sized with similar dispositions, sizes, and coats, despite their geographic separation during development.  The resulting hybrid strikes a delicate balance between the two and is considered a wonderful companion dog that does not like to be separated from its family.  The Japillon is a popular designer dog and the American Canine Club, the Designer Breed Registry, and Designer Dogs Kennel Club recognize the hybrid.  In addition, the Dog Registry of America and the International Designer Canine Registry also recognize the Japillon as a hybrid.
purpose Purpose
history Date of Origin
ancestry Ancestry
Japanese Chin and Papillon

Japillon Health

Average Size
Male Japillon size stats
Height: 8-11 inches Weight: 4-9 lbs
Female Japillon size stats
Height: 8-11 inches Weight: 4-9 lbs
Minor Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Cataracts
  • Von Willebrand's Disease
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hip Dysplasia
Occasional Tests
  • Eye examination
  • Radiographs

Japillon Breed History

The Japillon is a designer hybrid between the Japanese Chin and the Papillon.  The hybrid is a popular choice for companion dogs, but even though it is recognized by several competitive registries, the Japillon does not have set standards and can vary dog to dog.  As such, owners can prepare themselves for the variations by reviewing the histories and character traits of both parents to understand the hybrid better. The Japanese Chin, despite its reference to Japan, developed in China.  The Japanese Chin was prized among the Imperial nobility and was often gifted to foreign dignitaries, including the Japanese court.  The Japanese court was equally enamored with the Japanese Chin that the dogs were given the name chin, which means separate being rather than call the breed inu, which is Japanese for dog.  The Japanese Chin remained in relative obscurity to the West until the 19th Century when the dogs were imported to Europe following new trade routes.  Today, the Japanese Chin is a well-loved companion that the American Kennel Club recognized in 1888. The Papillon is of the toy-sized breed of the Spaniel family and developed in Europe as a favored companion dog for aristocratic ladies.  The dog was initially from Italy or Spain, and its ears were dropped.  However, the breed was particularly popular in France, and selective breeding to raise the ears was preferred.  This resulted in a dog whose ears resembled a butterfly, giving rise to the name Papillon, which is French for butterfly.  Today, both varieties exist but the dropped ear dog is rare.  The Papillon was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1915 and enjoys high popularity in the United States.

Japillon Breed Appearance

The Japillon parent breeds, the Japanese Chin and the Papillon, are of equal height and weight, which makes predicting the size of the Japillon easy.  The Japillon is a toy-sized dog that stands under 11 inches and weighs no more than nine pounds.  The head is round, and the muzzle ranges from slight to flat depending on which parent breed the dog most resembles.  The bite is scissor and the lips are tight.  The Japillon's body is delicately boned with thin legs and a compact body.  The coat is silky, and the tail is heavily feathered and curls over the back.
Eye Color Possibilities
brown Japillon eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Japillon nose
brown Japillon nose
Coat Color Possibilities
fawn Japillon coat
silver Japillon coat
white Japillon coat
black Japillon coat
brown Japillon coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense

Japillon Breed Maintenance

The single silky coat is not prone to matting, but weekly brushing will help maintain the Japillon's coat.  Frequent brushing will also help distribute the natural oils on the Japillon's skin.  Bathing is not suggested unless necessary because bathing may strip the natural oils from the skin and lead to dermatitis.  The hair around the ears and legs are longer than the rest of the coat and needs special attention to prevent tangles.  The long hair around the ears may also trap dirt, debris, and moisture.  Check your Japillon's ears while grooming to clean them using a veterinarian approved solution.  The Japillon sheds very little and may be considered a hypoallergenic hybrid.  The hybrid is not known to drool and has no doggy odor.
Brushes for Japillon
Pin Brush
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Slicker Brush
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Japillon requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Japillon Temperament

The Japillon is very affectionate with the family and requires a lot of attention.  It has a sweet disposition and is cat-like in its movement.  The Japillon loves children but may not be well suited to younger children who may be too rough for the delicately boned dog.  Despite its toy size, the Japillon is an excellent guard dog who will not attack but will bark at strangers until asking to stop.  The Papillon parent loves to please and chances are, the Japillon will be eager to please and will train well.  However, the Japanese Chin may add elements of stubbornness and make training slightly more challenging.  The Japillon is a playful hybrid with moderate to average energy.

Japillon Activity Requirements

The Japillon is a hybrid with medium levels of energy and varying intensity needs.  A few short walks a day should be enough exercise for the Japillon.  The Japillon can get all of its exercise inside and is ideally suited for apartment living.  This hybrid also prefers warmer climates over cold ones but does not tolerate weather extremes.  However, climates tolerance is somewhat irrelevant given the Japillon is a house dog and spends most of its time inside. This hybrid will enjoy outdoor time though; be certain to supervise him at all times as even a fenced yard may have an area that you are not aware of that can allow this small dog an escape.
Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
6 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
30 minutes
activity minutes

Japillon Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
0.5 cups
Daily Cost
$0.75 - $1.00
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$20.00 - $30.00
food bag monthly cost

Japillon Height & Weight

6 Months
Male Japillon size stats at six months
Height: 8.5 inches Weight: 5.0 lbs
Female Japillon size stats at six months
Height: 8.5 inches Weight: 5.0 lbs
12 Months
Male Japillon size stats at 12 months
Height: 9.5 inches Weight: 6.5 lbs
Female Japillon size stats at 12 months
Height: 9.5 inches Weight: 6.5 lbs
18 Months
Male Japillon size stats at 18 months
Height: 9.5 inches Weight: 6.5 lbs
Female Japillon size stats at 18 months
Height: 9.5 inches Weight: 6.5 lbs

Japillon Owner Experiences

Five Years
2 People
House & Yard
Does not like to be left alone will tear up pillows and blankets
5 years, 9 months ago
Deek Henry
10 Months
1 People
House & Yard
Deek Henry is loving and affectionate. He can be stubborn and startles easily . Loves other people and gets along well with other dogs as a rule. He even likes cats!!!
3 years, 9 months ago
Animal Expert Question Icon
Question - My pet

12 year old Papillion/Japanese male recently has had his tail lowered some of the time. He has had his adrenal glands squeezed so wondering...

Book me a walkiee?
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd