Brittany

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30-40 lbs
17-20"
France
Epagneul Breton, Brittany Spaniel

The energetic Brittany is speculated to come from 18th century France. Bred from French Spaniels and possibly English Pointers, Brittanys were prized for their versatility in the field, being able to do the work of up to four types of hunting dogs in one. Muscular and agile, the medium sized Brittany is both graceful and quick. Usually white and orange in color, the breed’s short, easy to maintain coat makes it a dream to groom. The Brittany is a tireless and agile hunter, and a sweet and loyal family companion, ready to play, protect, or just run all day long.

Purpose
pointing and retrieving
Date of Origin
1800s
Ancestry
french spaniel, english setter, welsh springer spaniel

Brittany Health

Sketch of Brittany
Average Size
Male Brittany size stats
Height: 17-20 inches Weight: 30-40 lbs
Female Brittany size stats
Height: 17-20 inches Weight: 30-40 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Epilepsy
Minor Concerns
  • Glaucoma
  • Lens Luxation
  • Cerebellar Abiotrophy
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Muscular Atrophy
Occasional Tests
  • Hip X-Rays
  • Thyroid Tests
  • MRI
  • CT Scan
  • Eye Examination

Brittany Breed History

Some claim that the Brittany was first developed around 150 AD, although tapestries and paintings depicting a Brittany-like dog only appeared in the 17th century. In 1850, Reverend Davies wrote of the small hunting dog with a bobtail who could point and retrieve. The breed was originally bred for hunting in the small town of Pontou in the Brittany province. These French dogs were valued for their versatility and ability to work in different kinds of country. It has been speculated that further crossbreeding occurred around 1900, though there are varying stories. While there are some who claim that an orange and white setter was bred with a French breed, others believe that the native spaniels were bred with English pointers owned by vacationing Englanders, possibly setters or Welsh springer spaniels. The resulting breed was originally called Brittany Spaniels, named after the province of their origin. Due to the Brittany’s wide range of hunting talent, which included pointing, setting, flushing, and retrieving, the breed has gained popularity in many countries within the last century. In 1907, the Brittany was first recognized in France as a distinct breed, during which time a breed standard was set. By 1931, the Brittany had come to the United States where its moderate size and friendly disposition gained the breed popularity as a family dog. In 1934, the American Kennel Club recognized the Brittany Spaniel, but the name was shortened to Brittany in 1982 to reflect the characteristic hunting style that resembles a Setter more than a Spaniel.

Brittany Breed Appearance

The Brittany is a leggy, square-proportioned dog of medium size. Muscular, sloping shoulders gracefully meet a medium length neck, then lead to a short, straight back in this breed. Graceful front legs and broad, muscular thighs give the Brittany a smooth and energetic gait. The shoulders are slightly higher than the rump. This is a rugged and quick hunter. Amber to hazel eyes overshadowed by an expressive brow peer out of an eager and alert face. The triangular ears are high set and feature short, dense hair. The medium long muzzle tapers to well-open nostrils in shades of tans to pinks. The teeth meet in a perfect scissor bite. Thick pads and arched toes are featured in the strong feet of this breed. The tail can be naturally bobbed, or is often docked to about four inches. A dense coat of wavy to flat medium length hair has been described as neither silky nor wiry, and often features fringe near the ears, and feathering on the legs. The Brittany is generally a bicolor dog, either in orange and white, or liver (reddish-brown) and white. Tricolor coats can be found, which entails a liver and white dog with orange face and tail markings. Colors can be clear or roaned, with streaks of color showing through the white markings.

Appearance of Brittany
Eye Color Possibilities
hazel Brittany eyes
Hazel
brown Brittany eyes
Brown
amber Brittany eyes
Amber
Nose Color Possibilities
brown Brittany nose
Brown
isabella Brittany nose
Isabella
Coat Color Possibilities
brown Brittany coat
Brown
red Brittany coat
Red
cream Brittany coat
Cream
isabella Brittany coat
Isabella
fawn Brittany coat
Fawn
blue Brittany coat
Blue
pied Brittany coat
Pied
brindle Brittany coat
Brindle
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Brittany wavy coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Brittany Breed Maintenance

The short Brittany coat is easy to care for. The breed can lightly shed, so brushing your Brittany weekly with a pin or soft slicker brush will keep loose hair from spreading around the house. Bathe once in a while when dirty. Clean the ears regularly, especially after trips to the field, and be sure to keep the nails trimmed. Brittanys can develop dental issues, so be sure to brush the teeth on a regular basis. This hunting breed has a high energy level and will need a lot of daily exercise. Daily walks should also be supplemented with time to run and play for at least an hour every day. Brittanys do not do very well in apartments, and thrive in a home with a fenced-in yard. Without proper exercise, the Brittany can develop destructive habits and nervous behavior. The energetic Brittany is well suited to performance sports, such as agility, flyball, field trials, and dock diving. If puppies grow too quickly, they can develop joint conditions such as osteochondritis dissecans. Often, these dogs need monitored diets during puppyhood, and may need supplements to ensure proper growth.

Brushes for Brittany
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Brittany requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Brittany Temperament

A Brittany is a perfect fit as a hunting partner, as its high energy does the best when it has a job to do. This sweet, good-natured, and loyal breed is also a wonderful family dog. Brittanys love their families and will be willing to play or follow them anywhere. They are excellent around children, and will protect them, but the breed should be monitored lest they unintentionally harm in their enthusiasm. The Brittany can be wary of new people, and can benefit from proper socialization. The breed can get along with other dogs, and may view them as part of the team. Smaller animals, such as cats and birds, may suffer from the Brittany’s prey drive. They may, however, learn to love cats as part of the family if they have been raised together. A willing and intelligent nature make the Brittany easy to train, though be aware that this sweet dog will need a gentle touch. Anything other than careful and sensitive training can cause a Brittany to become timid and withdrawn. This breed needs exercise, and a lot of it, and can benefit from sporting opportunities, such as field trials, lure coursing, and tracking. Be sure to tire your Brittany out every day to avoid nervous habits from forming.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
12 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
90 minutes

Brittany Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
2.5 cups
Daily Cost
$1.8 - $2.3
Monthly Cost
$52.5 - $67.5

Brittany Height & Weight

6 Months
Sketch of Brittany at six months
Male Brittany size stats at six months
Height: 15 inches Weight: 25 lbs
Female Brittany size stats at six months
Height: 15 inches Weight: 25 lbs
12 Months
Sketch of Brittany at 12 months
Male Brittany size stats at 12 months
Height: 16 inches Weight: 30 lbs
Female Brittany size stats at 12 months
Height: 16 inches Weight: 30 lbs
18 Months
Sketch of Brittany at 18 months
Male Brittany size stats at 18 months
Height: 18 inches Weight: 35 lbs
Female Brittany size stats at 18 months
Height: 18 inches Weight: 35 lbs

Top Brittany Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Brittany breeders of 2018.
Top Brittany breeder Marjo’s Brittanys
Marjo’s Brittanys
Vernon Hill, Virginia
Top Brittany breeder Carter Brittany Kennels
Carter Brittany Kennels
Ambrose, Georgia
Top Brittany breeder Wild Mtn. Brittanys
Wild Mtn. Brittanys
Graysville, Pennsylvania
Top Brittany breeder K Nine Birddog Brittanys
K Nine Birddog Brittanys
Coolidge, Arizona
Top Brittany breeder Diamond Creek Sporting Dogs
Diamond Creek Sporting Dogs
Elmdale, Kansas
Top Brittany breeder KaLa Kennels
KaLa Kennels
Marshall, Michigan
Top Brittany breeder Labyrinth Brittanys
Labyrinth Brittanys
Maidens, Virginia
Top Brittany breeder Prestige Gun Dogs
Prestige Gun Dogs
Texarkana, Texas
Top Brittany breeder Texas Star Kennels
Texas Star Kennels
Katy, Texas
Top Brittany breeder Dogwood Brittanys
Dogwood Brittanys
Peoria, Illinois

Brittany Owner Experiences

8 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Sleeping
Adventuring
Playing
Brittany Spaniels are lovely family dogs! They are playful and energetic and love a good adventure! They are lovable and rather easily trainable due to their food-motivation. They are usually very good and open with new people and do well with a variety of walkers and visitors. The Brittany Spaniels I know love a good snow walk, as well as playing in the fall leaves or playing fetch in the summer. I’ve never had a bad experience with a Brittany Spaniel – always friendly and ready for a good cuddle. I would recommend a Brittany to anyone looking for an adventurous cuddler, particularly if you like long walks in a variety of seasons. Definitely one of the sweetest lively big dogs who are in for a good nap as well!
3 months, 4 weeks ago
3 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Hunt
Sleeping
pointing
smelling
Walking
The Brittany is mellow, and walks calmly until he sees a squirrel. Then he starts to point. He stalks it very slowly much like a cat would. Then he charges at it. Sometimes he also is stubborn and refuses to move, but otherwise he is a sweetheart.
4 months ago
6 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Laying down
Walk
Car rides
Look out the window
She was definetly an excited dog. She pulls so much though, there's so much power in such a little dog. Well, not little but fairly decent sized. She looked like she was a little overweight but that didn't stop her from pulling and showing me where to go. As soon as I walked into the house, I recieved nothing but love! She wasn't shy at all and was estatic when I told her we were going for a walk. We walked for only a half hour but we gained a reasonable distance. The one thing I do remember very well was that her tail wouldn't stop wagging! No matter where we went or what the weather was like. When we got back, she drank some water then was so excited to show me her bed and toys!
4 months ago
3 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Snuggle
Fetch
Chase
Hunt
Run
Walk
Brittany dogs are an extremely athletic and active breed of dog. They were bred for bird hunting and I have seen that aptitude in every Brittany I’ve walked. They make great running, hiking, or biking partners. Unlike other breeds, I have never had a Brittany stop walking on me, or even want to take a break. In fact, the longer the walk or run, the better! As a result of this breed’s high activity levels, be aware that this breed desperately needs its outdoor time every day. Brittanys are best suited to a large yard or owners who run or ride bicycle. Young Brittanys might get into mischief, such as digging or chewing, if they aren’t exercised enough. But as they mature, Brittanys are eager to please and adore their owners and anyone else who is willing to get them the attention they crave. When purchasing a Brittany, consider looking for one that has been bred for “calmness.” A Brittany with calm characteristics can be harder to find, but is well worth it! The Brittanys I am familiar with have not done particularly well off leash. As is typical of hunting dogs, they tend to roam far from their person while off leash, but they won’t get lost or run off; they just prefer to check out ALL their surroundings, dashing off to smell all the smells and then running back to check in. Brittanys are naturally drawn to squirrels, rabbits, and birds. Like a pointer, the ones I’ve walked will freeze and “point” before they suddenly dart off in pursuit. (This gives the walker fore-warning to hold tight to the leash!) Brittanys may be hard to leash-train as they want to run and explore the world around them, but I have found success with the Easy Walk harness and a retractable leash. (I know retractable leashes can be a problem, but the Brittany I walk is friendly and has been well trained to stay out of the street so the retractable leash isn’t as dangerous for him, but offers him the opportunity to explore his surroundings as he likes.) The Brittanys I have experience with are well-socialized and do great with other dogs. A trainer has even recommended them for therapy work with aggressive dogs because they remain so calm. Similarly, they have been very intuned to the emotions of the people around them, and seem like they would make amazing in a hospital setting - well, as long as they manage to have some of that calmness. The Brittany I work with most is extremely easy to please and is able to practice self-restraint, calming himself and napping when walks have been in short supply. Also, Brittanys do very well in a crate/kennel, and can be kenneled when the owner is away.
4 months ago
4 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Running
Hunting
Hiking
Fetching
The Brittany is definitely a dog you'd want to take hiking with you. They are very high in energy and love to run and explore. If you're looking for a partner to do your daily exercise with I'd recommend this very versatile dog. They are the perfect size for apartments, condos and homes alike. This dog is very interactive and will cue into your commands with ease. When you're out on a run or going hiking you'll find that they can keep up with your energy without a sweat. These dogs were almost built to exercise and accomplish a good run around. They fetch very well if you're looking to just sit back and relax with them at a park and at home they have a slight "chill" side to them although it may not be for long. Overall I'd recommend this dog to anyone that will actually take time out of their day to make sure they're stimulated mentally and physically. If they get bored they mayyyy result to possibly chewing up what ever toy is there for offering.
4 months ago
3 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Run
Play
Walk
We immediately head to the woods and spend most of our time during our one-hour walks on the trail, covering about 3-3.5 miles. He pulls and has a lot of power packed into a small body. He is the engine, the leash is the train, and I, the walker, am the caboose! Upon returning to his home, he likes to run around the backyard for a while before going inside for a drink of water.
4 months ago
3 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Running
Sniffing
Hunting
Brittany Spaniels are hunting dogs in blood and heart. They will sniff and point the whole walk. They are beautiful loving pups and they have lots of energy.
4 months ago
6 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Great family dog. Energetic and funny.
4 months ago
Ford
2 Years
3 People
Apartment
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Very sweet well mannered dog. Great family dog. Wonderful companion.
6 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
Pweeeze!
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd