Brittany

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30-40 lbs
17-20"
France
Epagneul Breton, Brittany Spaniel

The energetic Brittany is speculated to come from 18th century France. Bred from French Spaniels and possibly English Pointers, Brittanys were prized for their versatility in the field, being able to do the work of up to four types of hunting dogs in one. Muscular and agile, the medium sized Brittany is both graceful and quick. Usually white and orange in color, the breed’s short, easy to maintain coat makes it a dream to groom. The Brittany is a tireless and agile hunter, and a sweet and loyal family companion, ready to play, protect, or just run all day long.

Purpose
pointing and retrieving
Date of Origin
1800s
Ancestry
french spaniel, english setter, welsh springer spaniel

Brittany Health

Average Size
Height: 17-20 inches Weight: 30-40 lbs
Height: 17-20 inches Weight: 30-40 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Epilepsy
Minor Concerns
  • Glaucoma
  • Lens Luxation
  • Cerebellar Abiotrophy
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Muscular Atrophy
Occasional Tests
  • Hip X-Rays
  • Thyroid Tests
  • MRI
  • CT Scan
  • Eye Examination

Brittany Breed History

Some claim that the Brittany was first developed around 150 AD, although tapestries and paintings depicting a Brittany-like dog only appeared in the 17th century. In 1850, Reverend Davies wrote of the small hunting dog with a bobtail who could point and retrieve. The breed was originally bred for hunting in the small town of Pontou in the Brittany province. These French dogs were valued for their versatility and ability to work in different kinds of country. It has been speculated that further crossbreeding occurred around 1900, though there are varying stories. While there are some who claim that an orange and white setter was bred with a French breed, others believe that the native spaniels were bred with English pointers owned by vacationing Englanders, possibly setters or Welsh springer spaniels. The resulting breed was originally called Brittany Spaniels, named after the province of their origin. Due to the Brittany’s wide range of hunting talent, which included pointing, setting, flushing, and retrieving, the breed has gained popularity in many countries within the last century. In 1907, the Brittany was first recognized in France as a distinct breed, during which time a breed standard was set. By 1931, the Brittany had come to the United States where its moderate size and friendly disposition gained the breed popularity as a family dog. In 1934, the American Kennel Club recognized the Brittany Spaniel, but the name was shortened to Brittany in 1982 to reflect the characteristic hunting style that resembles a Setter more than a Spaniel.

Brittany Breed Appearance

The Brittany is a leggy, square-proportioned dog of medium size. Muscular, sloping shoulders gracefully meet a medium length neck, then lead to a short, straight back in this breed. Graceful front legs and broad, muscular thighs give the Brittany a smooth and energetic gait. The shoulders are slightly higher than the rump. This is a rugged and quick hunter. Amber to hazel eyes overshadowed by an expressive brow peer out of an eager and alert face. The triangular ears are high set and feature short, dense hair. The medium long muzzle tapers to well-open nostrils in shades of tans to pinks. The teeth meet in a perfect scissor bite. Thick pads and arched toes are featured in the strong feet of this breed. The tail can be naturally bobbed, or is often docked to about four inches. A dense coat of wavy to flat medium length hair has been described as neither silky nor wiry, and often features fringe near the ears, and feathering on the legs. The Brittany is generally a bicolor dog, either in orange and white, or liver (reddish-brown) and white. Tricolor coats can be found, which entails a liver and white dog with orange face and tail markings. Colors can be clear or roaned, with streaks of color showing through the white markings.

Eye Color Possibilities
Hazel
Brown
Amber
Nose Color Possibilities
Brown
Isabella
Coat Color Possibilities
Brindle
Pied
Blue
Fawn
Isabella
Cream
Red
Brown
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Brittany Breed Maintenance

The short Brittany coat is easy to care for. The breed can lightly shed, so brushing your Brittany weekly with a pin or soft slicker brush will keep loose hair from spreading around the house. Bathe once in a while when dirty. Clean the ears regularly, especially after trips to the field, and be sure to keep the nails trimmed. Brittanys can develop dental issues, so be sure to brush the teeth on a regular basis. This hunting breed has a high energy level and will need a lot of daily exercise. Daily walks should also be supplemented with time to run and play for at least an hour every day. Brittanys do not do very well in apartments, and thrive in a home with a fenced-in yard. Without proper exercise, the Brittany can develop destructive habits and nervous behavior. The energetic Brittany is well suited to performance sports, such as agility, flyball, field trials, and dock diving. If puppies grow too quickly, they can develop joint conditions such as osteochondritis dissecans. Often, these dogs need monitored diets during puppyhood, and may need supplements to ensure proper growth.

Brushes for Brittany
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Brittany Temperament

A Brittany is a perfect fit as a hunting partner, as its high energy does the best when it has a job to do. This sweet, good-natured, and loyal breed is also a wonderful family dog. Brittanys love their families and will be willing to play or follow them anywhere. They are excellent around children, and will protect them, but the breed should be monitored lest they unintentionally harm in their enthusiasm. The Brittany can be wary of new people, and can benefit from proper socialization. The breed can get along with other dogs, and may view them as part of the team. Smaller animals, such as cats and birds, may suffer from the Brittany’s prey drive. They may, however, learn to love cats as part of the family if they have been raised together. A willing and intelligent nature make the Brittany easy to train, though be aware that this sweet dog will need a gentle touch. Anything other than careful and sensitive training can cause a Brittany to become timid and withdrawn. This breed needs exercise, and a lot of it, and can benefit from sporting opportunities, such as field trials, lure coursing, and tracking. Be sure to tire your Brittany out every day to avoid nervous habits from forming.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
12 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
90 minutes

Brittany Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
2.5 cups
Daily Cost
$1.8 - $2.3
Monthly Cost
$52.5 - $67.5

Brittany Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 15 inches Weight: 25 lbs
Height: 15 inches Weight: 25 lbs
12 Months
Height: 16 inches Weight: 30 lbs
Height: 16 inches Weight: 30 lbs
18 Months
Height: 18 inches Weight: 35 lbs
Height: 18 inches Weight: 35 lbs

Top Brittany Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Brittany breeders of 2017.
Marjo’s Brittanys
Vernon Hill, Virginia
Carter Brittany Kennels
Ambrose, Georgia
Wild Mtn. Brittanys
Graysville, Pennsylvania
K Nine Birddog Brittanys
Coolidge, Arizona
Diamond Creek Sporting Dogs
Elmdale, Kansas
KaLa Kennels
Marshall, Michigan
Labyrinth Brittanys
Maidens, Virginia
Prestige Gun Dogs
Texarkana, Texas
Texas Star Kennels
Katy, Texas
Dogwood Brittanys
Peoria, Illinois

Brittany Owner Experiences

Ford
2 Years
3 People
Apartment
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Very sweet well mannered dog. Great family dog. Wonderful companion.
4 weeks, 1 day ago