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80-110 lbs

Bred in Germany in the 1st century, Rottweilers are descended from German Shepherds crossed with the drover dogs and Mastiffs brought there by Roman soldiers. They were used for herding and guarding cattle, and later for pulling carts and wagons. By the 19th century, they were no longer needed for these jobs, and almost became extinct. Due to various groups, their numbers have risen, and they now enjoy popularity as family and service dogs in many countries. They have a sweet and loyal nature that helped them gain the reputation as excellent companions, while their territorial instincts make them wonderful guard dogs. They do need good socialization and obedience training, or else their dominant tendencies may get out of hand.

cattle driver, guardian, draft
Date of Origin
ancient times
mastiff, german shepherd, roman drover dog

Rottweiler Health

Average Size
Height: 24-27 inches Weight: 85-135 lbs
Height: 22-25 inches Weight: 80-110 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Hip And Elbow Dysplasia
  • Bloat
  • Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
  • Lymphoma
Minor Concerns
  • Entropion
  • Panosteitis
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Von Willebrand's Disease
  • Osteochondritis Dissecans
Occasional Tests
  • Eye
  • Hip
  • Elbow
  • Blood
  • Blood Test
  • X-Rays
  • Eye Examination
  • Physical Examination

Rottweiler Breed History

It is commonly believed that the Rottweiler evolved around 74 AD when Roman soldiers of the 11th Legion of the Roman Empire settled in the Wurttemberg region of Germany. Here, they crossbred German Shepherds with the Roman drover dogs or Mastiffs they had brought with them to herd cattle and guard the camp, creating a large and strong dog that could control large bulls. This area became known as “das Rote Wil,” which referred to the red roof tiles of the small villas in the town, and has since evolved into Rottweil, giving the breed its name. Originally, Rottweilers were used to drive herds of cattle by day and guard them at night, and were later used to pull carts and wagons, and even hunt bear. By the mid-19th century, the railways were being built, which forced cattle driving to be outlawed. Donkeys became the main draft animal, and the Rottweiler began to fall out of favor. The breed gained popularity with butchers, where they again were used to pull carts of meat, and were given the name “Rottweiler metzgerhund,” or Rottweil butcher dog. The breed’s numbers declined significantly, and the breed was in danger of becoming extinct. In Germany, fans of the breed established the International Club for Leonbergers and Rottweiler Dogs in 1899, and by 1901, had created the first breed standard. Rottweilers began to be used as police dogs, and worked to police and guard during World War I. The American Kennel Club recognized the Rottweiler in 1931, and the dog has grown in popularity in the United States. Today, the breed is still used in Germany, Denmark, Switzerland, and Norway as police, customs, guard, and rescue dogs.

Rottweiler Breed Appearance

This medium to large dog boasts a strong, yet compact frame that is stocky, solid, and slightly longer than tall. Males are generally larger, while females are distinctly feminine, but both sexes display boldness, power, and agility. A medium length, wide skull includes strong jaws, a scissor bite, and a broad muzzle. Almond shaped, dark brown eyes are correctly proportioned, giving an alert expression. Ears are triangular and hang down close to the cheek. A broad chest leads to muscled legs that end in round, compact, well-arched toes. The rear dewclaws are often removed, as is the tail, generally to the first or second vertebrae. The Rottweiler boasts a double coat. The outer coat consists of medium length hair that is flat, coarse, dense, and resistant to water. This visible coat is black with clearly defined markings in brown shades from tan to mahogany. The undercoat is present on the neck and thighs, but does not show through the overcoat, and is generally a lighter color in gray or tan, but can be in black as well. 

Eye Color Possibilities
Nose Color Possibilities
Coat Color Possibilities
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Rottweiler Breed Maintenance

The shorter coat of the Rottweiler only needs minimal grooming, even in the seasons when it sheds. Weekly brushing with a bristle brush and an occasional wipe down with a damp towel will keep this breed looking its best. Rottweilers do have fast growing nails that need regular trimming to avoid splitting and cracking. Ears and teeth should also be cleaned regularly. This breed needs both mental and physical stimulation, and lots of family time, or else it can become frustrated and bored, and develop very destructive behavior. Rottweilers will benefit from at least two solid daily workouts that can include long walks, playtimes in a fenced-in yard, obedience training, and games with the family. They are people dogs who do not do well alone and should not be left for long periods of time. The Rottweiler is better suited to colder climates, and it can live outdoors with a proper shelter. In hotter temperatures, these dogs can become overheated. This breed is predisposed to conditions that result from growing too quickly, such as panosteitis and osteochondritis dissecans. As such, the diet intake should be monitored while growing, and adding supplemental calcium may not be recommended. This breed is also prone to obesity which can be prevented through regular exercise and diet regulation.

Brushes for Rottweiler
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Rottweiler Temperament

The Rottweiler is a confident and fearless dog who is loyal and affectionate with its family. Making a wonderful companion, the breed can be both clownish and laid back with a wait-and-see attitude towards many situations. This dog often follows its favorite person from room to room. The Rottweiler can be territorial, and while he makes an excellent guard dog, he may also be highly suspicious of and aggressive with strangers, even if they are of the child variety. He often attempts to herd children in the family, and he is usually better with school aged children rather than younger ones. The breed may also become territorial with other dogs, and may benefit from early socialization with many people and animals to prevent the behavior from becoming overly aggressive. Obedience training is a must with this breed, and should continue throughout the life of the dog, as untrained Rottweilers can be aggressive and dominant. These are intelligent dogs that are easy to train with regular sessions from an early age. The Rottweiler has a high stamina and is very athletic, and does best with a job to do. This can be as simple as carting the kids around in a wagon, helping to take out the trash, or even just participating in obedience competitions. They do well in the service industry, making excellent herders, therapy dogs, police dogs, and service dogs.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
10 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
75 minutes

Rottweiler Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3.3 cups
Daily Cost
$1.5 - $1.9
Monthly Cost
$39 - $52

Rottweiler Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 20 inches Weight: 55 lbs
Height: 18 inches Weight: 46 lbs
12 Months
Height: 23 inches Weight: 72 lbs
Height: 21 inches Weight: 69 lbs
18 Months
Height: 25 inches Weight: 102 lbs
Height: 23 inches Weight: 87 lbs

Top Rottweiler Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Rottweiler breeders of 2017.
Twin Creeks Rottweilers
Vashon, Washington
Silverhill Rottweilers
Kenly, North Carolina
Alpine, California
2Infinity Rottweilers LLC
Dallas, Oregon
Hidden Oaks Working Farm
Oviedo, Florida
Von Evman Rottweilers
Groveland, Florida
Dreibergen Rottweilers
Battle Ground, Washington
King Rottweilers
Spokane, Washington
Ostenberg Rottweilers
Snohomish, Washington
Bolles Rottweilers
Warrensburg, Missouri

Rottweiler Owner Experiences

4 Months
4 People
House & Yard
My dog fore hands are little band,how do I make?
1 month, 1 week ago