22-66 lbs
Xiasi Quan, Bai Long Quan
The Xiasi dog is distinctive due to their lean muscular bodies, their short, wiry white coat and their innate ability to hunt and protect. They have been living with their owners in the Guizhou province of China for centuries and are considered a lucky omen that brings wealth into the household. They are an affectionate dog and are intensely loyal to their owners. Intelligent and keen to please, they make for ease of training and adapt well to most situations. Originally they were trained as guard dogs due to their keen sense of smell and their speed combined with an enduring stamina. These days, the Xiasi, or their official name - the Xiasi Quan - is mostly a hunting or companion dog. They do have a strong hunting instinct so should be kept on a leash if out walking, just in case they get a whiff of something interesting! Because they are used to hunting in a pack, they get on well with other dogs, but unless raised with other smaller animals they may consider them prey.
purpose Purpose
Hunting, Guarding, Companion
history Date of Origin
ancestry Ancestry

Xiasi Health

Average Size
Male Xiasi size stats
Height: 17-20 inches Weight: 22-66 lbs
Female Xiasi size stats
Height: 17-20 inches Weight: 22-66 lbs
Major Concerns
  • None Known
Minor Concerns
  • Canine Hip Dysplasia (Chd)
  • Ear Health and Infection
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Bloat
  • Skin Infections
Occasional Tests
  • Hearing (Whites)
  • X-rays of various parts of the skeletal system
  • Eye and Ear Examination

Xiasi Breed History

The Xiasi Dog is also known as the Xiasi Quan and they originated in the Chinese province of Guizhou. Their distinctive white wiry coat, large face and lean muscular body are perfect for the purpose of their breed - hunting. They can move swiftly and follow fast and agile prey. They possess a keen sense of smell and have impressive speed and stamina. Named after the local village of Xiasi, they were believed to bring wealth and prosperity to their owners. This belief fostered a feeling of profound respect for the dog which is said to have started in the year 1080, because they hunted and provided animals for their owners to trade. Originally these beautiful dogs not only were the hunter, but they also served for household protection. The Xiasi's intelligence meant that they were easy to train and became a valuable part of the family life. Their kind temperament at home and the fact that they were very responsive to human guidance made them popular as pets. The Xiasi Quan (their official name) has been living with the people of Guizhou for a very long time. In their home province the Xiasi are bred to fight boars in competitions. This unfortunate form of entertainment has several bouts each lasting about three minutes with the dog judged on their willingness to attack and how many attacks are made. Although they are fearless and aggressive in competition, they remain gentle and affectionate at home. Sadly their numbers are falling with the breed, now staring at extinction in the near future.

Xiasi Breed Appearance

The Xiasi Dog has a distinctive look; with their white wiry coat, large face and small pointed ears, they look like a larger version of a West Highland Terrier or perhaps like the comic book dog, Snowy, who was a Wire Fox Terrier. Their cute appearance belies their history of being a fearless guard dog as well as a boar fighting dog. This dog has a muscular body that is well proportioned and they have a flat back and thick rope like tail that is held high when alert. Their eyes are small and round and peer out from beneath a fringe of white wiry hair. They have a gently rounded long muzzle and the skin appears pink or red around their mouth, nose and ears. Long straight legs give them an impressive speed and their chest, while not deep, provides the stamina. The powerful padded paws and strong legs provide agility over the rough rugged terrain when hunting. 

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Xiasi eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
isabella Xiasi nose
Coat Color Possibilities
white Xiasi coat
cream Xiasi coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
Xiasi wiry coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Xiasi Breed Maintenance

The Xiasi dog has wiry white fur that requires a weekly brushing to get the shedding hair out and prevent hair matting. While they are not great shedders, they still need brushing to keep them looking at their best. White hair can often get a bit dirty looking so they may need a bath every so often to brighten up their appearance. Be sure to use a mild dog shampoo to preserve the natural oils that protect them in rough wet weather. Wipe out their ears each week to keep them clean, and keep their teeth clean and their breath sweet by cleaning their teeth two or three times a week. A clip of the toenails, and a cuddle for being so patient and your Xiasi dog is primed and looking great.

Brushes for Xiasi
Pin Brush
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Slicker Brush
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Xiasi requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Xiasi Temperament

The Xiasi dog is a rare dog that is sadly on the verge of becoming extinct. Known mostly in the Guizhou Province in China, they were once cherished as valuable pets and were thought to bring wealth and prosperity to their family. They were often hunters, bringing valuable meat and pelts to the owner. They were also bred to fight boars in competitions. Judged on their willingness to attack, these dogfights were considered sport until recently. Despite this blot on their history, they are not an aggressive dog at home. They bond well with their family and are loyal affectionate dogs. They are good guard dogs as they miss nothing going on around them. They are easy to train and have a willingness to please their master. Gentle and patient with youngsters, they make a good family dog. Smaller animals such as a cat or rabbit may be considered prey so be careful to keep them under control if these species are around. Other than that, the Xiasi dog is a welcome addition to any home.

Xiasi Activity Requirements

The Xiasi dog has been bred to hunt, and to this day still continues in this role. They are hard tireless workers and have a willingness to please their master. Therefore if your dog is a companion, take them running with you or train them to run alongside your bike. They are adaptive by nature and are keen to learn which makes training easy. They bond well with all family members and are known to play carefully with youngsters. The important thing is that they require a good energetic walk every day. It is essential to their well being. Involve them in as much activity as you can and they will be one happy dog.
Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
16 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
90 minutes
activity minutes

Xiasi Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
cup per day cost cup per day cost cup per day cost
Daily Cost
$1.20 - $1.40
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$34.00 - $45.00
food bag monthly cost

Xiasi Height & Weight

6 Months
Male Xiasi size stats at six months
Height: 11.0 inches Weight: 12.5 lbs
Female Xiasi size stats at six months
Height: 11.0 inches Weight: 12.5 lbs
12 Months
Male Xiasi size stats at 12 months
Height: 15.0 inches Weight: 27.5 lbs
Female Xiasi size stats at 12 months
Height: 15.0 inches Weight: 27.5 lbs
18 Months
Male Xiasi size stats at 18 months
Height: 18.0 inches Weight: 53.0 lbs
Female Xiasi size stats at 18 months
Height: 18.0 inches Weight: 53.0 lbs

Xiasi Owner Experiences

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