The Shiba Corgi has not been around long so they do not have a history as of yet. However, you can look at the backgrounds of the parent breeds for this. The Shiba Inu is native to Japan and has been around since the ancient times, considered to be the oldest of Japan’s breeds. It was originally bred to hunt and flush small game and is a descendent of the Spitz. Although they have been around for centuries, they did not get the name, Shiba Inu, until the 1920s.
The breed was named a natural product of Japan under the Cultural Properties Act in 1936. They were almost extinct after WWII due to the distemper virus but they were built up again by interbreeding them with three variations, the Sanin Shiba, Mino Shiba, and Shinshu Shiba. They made it to America in 1954 and were accepted by the AKC in 1992, where they are the 44th most well-liked dog. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi got its name from their furry tail that resembles a cardigan sweater. They were bred from the Pomeranian, Collie, and Dachshund for hunting, guarding, and driving cattle. The breed was often confused with its close relative, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. They became popular after they were imported into Massachusetts in the 1930s and were accepted into the American Kennel Club in 1935, where they are the 69th most popular breed of dog.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi was bred in Wales in the 1100s from the Spitz, Norwegian Elkhound, Chow Chow, Samoyed, Schipperke, and Keeshond where they were used for driving cattle. They were brought to Wales by the Flemish weavers and were also thought to have gone with the Vikings to Britain. They were originally used to herd sheep by nipping at their legs but eventually became popular as companion pets.
In 1934, the breed was acknowledged by the American Kennel Club and they are the 18th most common dog in the United States.