Belgian Malinois

50-65 lbs
Malinois, Chien de Berger Belge

Originating in Belgium in the town of Malines as stock herders, Belgian Malinois now work in security, policing, detection of contraband, in assistance, and participate in herding trials. With a height and length that are nearly equivalent, this medium sized, short-haired breed has been described as appearing square. Strong and muscular, its origins as a hard working sheepdog continue to be evident in the breed, with high energy levels and a protective personality. This breed is an excellent choice for a high-energy person that spends time running, bicycling or hiking on a daily basis and can keep the dog busy. Belgian Malinois enjoy spending time with their family and should be allowed indoors to do so, while also having access to outdoor space where they can run around and expend energy. Dogs of this breed are intelligent, driven and learn quickly, responding well to early socialization and training. Each dog will be different, with a temperament ranging from aloof to outgoing.

stock herding
Date of Origin

Belgian Malinois Health

Sketch of Belgian Malinois
Average Size
Male Belgian Malinois size stats
Height: 24-26 inches Weight: 60-75 lbs
Female Belgian Malinois size stats
Height: 22-24 inches Weight: 50-65 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Usually A Very Healthy Breed
Minor Concerns
  • Epilepsy
  • Pannus
  • Skin Allergies
Occasional Tests
  • Hip
  • MRI
  • Eye Examination
  • Allergy Tests

Belgian Malinois Breed History

The history of the Belgian Malinois is not well known prior to the late 1800’s, though dogs of the breed may have been helping shepherds care for flocks for hundreds of years. In the 1890’s, a professor by the name of Adolphe Reul found that there were similarities between multiple emerging breeds of dogs in Belgium. He called the group of similar dogs Belgian Shepherds. One particular variation of herding dog was thought to have originated from Malines; this variation became known as the Belgian Malinois. One of the first of the registered Belgian Malinois, according to records, was born in 1891 and named Charlot. The American Kennel Club accepted the breed in 1911, though called them Belgian Sheepdogs (not separating the different varieties). In 1959, the Belgian Shepherd varieties were officially separated, with the Malinois placed in the Miscellaneous Class until fully recognized in 1965. The Malinois became popular as a herder and his skills were then utilized for both police and military work. The breed has not gained popularity outside of Belgium and is not as popular as other Belgian breeds as a competitive show dog. 

Belgian Malinois Breed Appearance

Weighing up to 65 pounds (females) and up to 75 pounds (males), the Belgian Malinois often appears to be square in shape as the height and length of the breed are typically equivalent or close to it. Dogs of this breed have straight, athletic legs and both their front legs and hindquarters are muscular. The head of the Belgian Malinois is held upright and includes erect, triangular ears. Its mouth includes powerful jaws with teeth that meet in a level, scissors bite. The tail of this athletic dog is long, with an upward curl, and is typically carried horizontally or down. The Belgian Malinois has a coat of short hair that is usually longer around the dog’s neck and rear in a deep mahogany brown or a lighter tan color with black tips.

Appearance of Belgian Malinois
Eye Color Possibilities
brown Belgian Malinois eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Belgian Malinois nose
Coat Color Possibilities
brown Belgian Malinois coat
fawn Belgian Malinois coat
sable Belgian Malinois coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Belgian Malinois straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Belgian Malinois Breed Maintenance

The Belgian Malinois, with a short, straight coat, sheds regularly, with a minimum of two periods of heavier shedding during the year. It is helpful to brush dogs of this breed on a weekly basis in order to remove dead hair and distribute skin oils. More frequent brushing will be helpful to keep loose hair off of your floor, furniture and clothing. Unless your dog has been adventurous and keen on rolling in an undesirable area, he should only be bathed as needed to avoid removing the waterproof properties present on the coat. Other basic care that is necessary includes trimming the nails as needed (typically every few weeks) as well as frequent teeth brushing for overall good dental health (and fresh breath). Your dog’s ears should be kept clean and dry in order to avoid the development of infections. The Belgian Malinois is very energetic; a fenced in yard is helpful so that the dog may run and play to release his energy. Daily exercise, whether through a yard or long walks, runs or hikes, is imperative for the physical and emotional well-being of this active, inquisitive dog.

Brushes for Belgian Malinois
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Belgian Malinois requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Belgian Malinois Temperament

The Belgian Malinois is energetic and full of fun, along with being a serious working dog. He can be a happy and affectionate companion who will play with and protect the kids. As a herding dog,he may instinctively chase children who are running, something that you should not allow as you make efforts to train a dog of the breed. While your pup can get along well with cats and other dogs when raised alongside them, he can be a bit bossy toward them. Depending on the particular dog, some may not be safe around cats due to their high prey drive. It is important to keep the Belgian Malinois busy in order to wear him out and keep him from destructive behavior as he can do a lot of damage when bored. Dogs of this breed want to be a part of the family and should be allowed to spend time with them indoors. If introduced to children when very young, the Belgian Malinois will do well with them. When well socialized, he will gain confidence. When meeting people outside of his family, he may display outgoing to reserved behavior, however, not be shy or aggressive. Training can start with the Belgian Malinois on the day he comes home with you, even as early as eight weeks of age. 

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
12 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Belgian Malinois Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
Daily Cost
$1.50 - $1.90
Monthly Cost
$39.00 - $52.00

Belgian Malinois Height & Weight

6 Months
Sketch of Belgian Malinois at six months
Male Belgian Malinois size stats at six months
Height: 13 inches Weight: 55 lbs
Female Belgian Malinois size stats at six months
Height: 11 inches Weight: 50 lbs
12 Months
Sketch of Belgian Malinois at 12 months
Male Belgian Malinois size stats at 12 months
Height: 18 inches Weight: 67 lbs
Female Belgian Malinois size stats at 12 months
Height: 15 inches Weight: 57 lbs
18 Months
Sketch of Belgian Malinois at 18 months
Male Belgian Malinois size stats at 18 months
Height: 24 inches Weight: 80 lbs
Female Belgian Malinois size stats at 18 months
Height: 21 inches Weight: 72 lbs

Top Belgian Malinois Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Belgian Malinois breeders of 2019.
Top Belgian Malinois breeder Moon Quest Belgian Malinois
Moon Quest Belgian Malinois
Marysvale, Utah
Top Belgian Malinois breeder BelCol Belgian Malinois
BelCol Belgian Malinois
Cypress, Texas
Top Belgian Malinois breeder Alouette Belgian Malinois
Alouette Belgian Malinois
Tulsa, Oklahoma
Top Belgian Malinois breeder Desert Mountain Malinois
Desert Mountain Malinois
Idaho Falls, Idaho
Top Belgian Malinois breeder Turick Malinois
Turick Malinois
Hilliard, Florida
Top Belgian Malinois breeder Camelot German Shepherds and Belgian Malinois
Camelot German Shepherds and Belgian Malinois
Soddy Daisy, Tennessee
Top Belgian Malinois breeder Windrush Ranch and Kennel
Windrush Ranch and Kennel
Rio Hondo, Texas
Top Belgian Malinois breeder Arizona Belgian Malinois
Arizona Belgian Malinois
Dewey, Arizona
Top Belgian Malinois breeder Top Gun K9 Belgian Malinois
Top Gun K9 Belgian Malinois
Walker, Louisiana

Belgian Malinois Owner Experiences

5 Years
Catch treats
Explore the city
What a classic dog! He was so well behaved, friendly, willing to play, and a great listener. He stepped right into his harness when I presented it to him and though he pulled his way down the stairs (he lived on the 6th floor!), once we got outside he was fantastic. He'd sit at every corner without even having been asked to do so. We found a big stick and played with it at the nearby park for a little while and strolled about in the warm afternoon sun. Though he isn't particularly speedy, he could easily have been walked for an entire extra hour. His smiling eyes and bouncing gait made it very clear that he was ready for anything and was so thankful for our walk.
1 year, 1 month ago
8 Years
One of my favorite walks I've done! She was very interesting. Lucy was very cautious, approaching me while I got her ready for the walk and then during the walk she always was on her toes looking at her surroundings. Anytime she would see a smaller animal like a cat or squirrel she would get very quiet, stop panting and crouch down and walk like a cat towards the little animal but never pulling on me. She listened really well, always making sure we were in nsync with what was happening. She was a little nervous around people, seemed to be a one person kinda dog, so she made me feel safe out there when we were walking (as in she wasn't distracted and all focused on what we were doing and payed no attention to others, except for if they were getting close or she felt unsafe in the situation). amazing dog!
1 year, 1 month ago
1 Year
Belgian Malinois are highly intelligent dogs, but have a lot of energy and need to go on long walks/runs. I have taken them on 3 mile walks before and they still want to keep going afterwards!
1 year, 1 month ago
1 Year
She was only a year old and very very friendly. She was calm when I entered the room and wanted her walk....very high energy dog. You could tell she thrived on exercise and was content after her walk. She would also pay very close attention to me and seemed protective. Beautiful dog.
1 year, 1 month ago
8 Years
Obedience classes
Learn a new trick
He was very obedient to every command given by people he trusted. He was very cautious of his surroundings while still enjoying himself. He was more business than play but did like running around and checking new things out. He was friendly but did approach people steadily. He loved learning new things and appreciated praise.
1 year, 1 month ago
Jagger Von Amour
13 Weeks
3 People
I got my puppy very young. Had a hard time training to house break. Found that limiting his area helped a lot with accidents in the house. He requires a lot of bathroom breaks and sleep at young age. Lots of energy and requires play 3 times per day at least. I bring my dog everywhere with me while he is young.
1 year, 2 months ago
2 Years
4 People
make me feel stressfree
1 year, 3 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd