Belgian Malinois

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50-65 lbs
22-24"
Belgium
Malinois, Chien de Berger Belge

Originating in Belgium in the town of Malines as stock herders, Belgian Malinois now work in security, policing, detection of contraband, in assistance, and participate in herding trials. With a height and length that are nearly equivalent, this medium sized, short-haired breed has been described as appearing square. Strong and muscular, its origins as a hard working sheepdog continue to be evident in the breed, with high energy levels and a protective personality. This breed is an excellent choice for a high-energy person that spends time running, bicycling or hiking on a daily basis and can keep the dog busy. Belgian Malinois enjoy spending time with their family and should be allowed indoors to do so, while also having access to outdoor space where they can run around and expend energy. Dogs of this breed are intelligent, driven and learn quickly, responding well to early socialization and training. Each dog will be different, with a temperament ranging from aloof to outgoing.

Purpose
stock herding
Date of Origin
1800s
Ancestry
shepherd

Belgian Malinois Health

Average Size
Height: 24-26 inches Weight: 60-75 lbs
Height: 22-24 inches Weight: 50-65 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Usually A Very Healthy Breed
Minor Concerns
  • Epilepsy
  • Pannus
  • Skin Allergies
Occasional Tests
  • Hip
  • MRI
  • Eye Examination
  • Allergy Tests

Belgian Malinois Breed History

The history of the Belgian Malinois is not well known prior to the late 1800’s, though dogs of the breed may have been helping shepherds care for flocks for hundreds of years. In the 1890’s, a professor by the name of Adolphe Reul found that there were similarities between multiple emerging breeds of dogs in Belgium. He called the group of similar dogs Belgian Shepherds. One particular variation of herding dog was thought to have originated from Malines; this variation became known as the Belgian Malinois. One of the first of the registered Belgian Malinois, according to records, was born in 1891 and named Charlot. The American Kennel Club accepted the breed in 1911, though called them Belgian Sheepdogs (not separating the different varieties). In 1959, the Belgian Shepherd varieties were officially separated, with the Malinois placed in the Miscellaneous Class until fully recognized in 1965. The Malinois became popular as a herder and his skills were then utilized for both police and military work. The breed has not gained popularity outside of Belgium and is not as popular as other Belgian breeds as a competitive show dog. 

Belgian Malinois Breed Appearance

Weighing up to 65 pounds (females) and up to 75 pounds (males), the Belgian Malinois often appears to be square in shape as the height and length of the breed are typically equivalent or close to it. Dogs of this breed have straight, athletic legs and both their front legs and hindquarters are muscular. The head of the Belgian Malinois is held upright and includes erect, triangular ears. Its mouth includes powerful jaws with teeth that meet in a level, scissors bite. The tail of this athletic dog is long, with an upward curl, and is typically carried horizontally or down. The Belgian Malinois has a coat of short hair that is usually longer around the dog’s neck and rear in a deep mahogany brown or a lighter tan color with black tips.

Eye Color Possibilities
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
Black
Coat Color Possibilities
Sable
Fawn
Brown
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Belgian Malinois Breed Maintenance

The Belgian Malinois, with a short, straight coat, sheds regularly, with a minimum of two periods of heavier shedding during the year. It is helpful to brush dogs of this breed on a weekly basis in order to remove dead hair and distribute skin oils. More frequent brushing will be helpful to keep loose hair off of your floor, furniture and clothing. Unless your dog has been adventurous and keen on rolling in an undesirable area, he should only be bathed as needed to avoid removing the waterproof properties present on the coat. Other basic care that is necessary includes trimming the nails as needed (typically every few weeks) as well as frequent teeth brushing for overall good dental health (and fresh breath). Your dog’s ears should be kept clean and dry in order to avoid the development of infections. The Belgian Malinois is very energetic; a fenced in yard is helpful so that the dog may run and play to release his energy. Daily exercise, whether through a yard or long walks, runs or hikes, is imperative for the physical and emotional well-being of this active, inquisitive dog.

Brushes for Belgian Malinois
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Comb
Scissors
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Belgian Malinois Temperament

The Belgian Malinois is energetic and full of fun, along with being a serious working dog. He can be a happy and affectionate companion who will play with and protect the kids. As a herding dog,he may instinctively chase children who are running, something that you should not allow as you make efforts to train a dog of the breed. While your pup can get along well with cats and other dogs when raised alongside them, he can be a bit bossy toward them. Depending on the particular dog, some may not be safe around cats due to their high prey drive. It is important to keep the Belgian Malinois busy in order to wear him out and keep him from destructive behavior as he can do a lot of damage when bored. Dogs of this breed want to be a part of the family and should be allowed to spend time with them indoors. If introduced to children when very young, the Belgian Malinois will do well with them. When well socialized, he will gain confidence. When meeting people outside of his family, he may display outgoing to reserved behavior, however, not be shy or aggressive. Training can start with the Belgian Malinois on the day he comes home with you, even as early as eight weeks of age. 

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
12 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Belgian Malinois Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
Daily Cost
$1.5 - $1.9
Monthly Cost
$39 - $52

Belgian Malinois Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 13 inches Weight: 55 lbs
Height: 11 inches Weight: 50 lbs
12 Months
Height: 18 inches Weight: 67 lbs
Height: 15 inches Weight: 57 lbs
18 Months
Height: 24 inches Weight: 80 lbs
Height: 21 inches Weight: 72 lbs

Top Belgian Malinois Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Belgian Malinois breeders of 2017.
Moon Quest Belgian Malinois
Marysvale, Utah
BelCol Belgian Malinois
Cypress, Texas
Alouette Belgian Malinois
Tulsa, Oklahoma
Desert Mountain Malinois
Idaho Falls, Idaho
Turick Malinois
Hilliard, Florida
Camelot German Shepherds and Belgian Malinois
Soddy Daisy, Tennessee
Windrush Ranch and Kennel
Rio Hondo, Texas
Arizona Belgian Malinois
Dewey, Arizona
Top Gun K9 Belgian Malinois
Walker, Louisiana

Belgian Malinois Owner Experiences

Aaron
2 Years
4 People
House
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
make me feel stressfree
2 weeks, 2 days ago