90-120 lbs
Karabash, Turkish Kangal Dog

The Kangal Dog is large, Mastiff-type dog that originated in Turkey. He has mainly been used as a livestock guardian dog against predators of all shapes and sizes.  Being a typical livestock guardian dog, the Kangal is naturally protective and does require early socialization. He does seem to be more people oriented than other livestock guardian dogs and he especially loves children. A solid fence is necessary because he will not respect property boundaries and can cause a lot of havoc within the neighborhood if he is not properly contained. The Kangal can be dog aggressive and may even show aggression towards strangers entering their property.

purpose Purpose
Livestock Guardian Dog
history Date of Origin
Ancient Times
ancestry Ancestry

Kangal Health

Average Size
Male Kangal size stats
Height: 30-34 inches Weight: 110-150 lbs
Female Kangal size stats
Height: 28-30 inches Weight: 90-120 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Usually A Very Healthy Breed
Minor Concerns
  • Entropion
  • Hip Dysplasia
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Tumors
Occasional Tests
  • OFA
  • CERF
  • Yearly Physical Examination

Kangal Breed History

The Kangal Dog is thought to be an ancient breed related to Mastiff-type dogs that were shown in Assyrian art. He possibly originated in the Kangal District of Sivas Province located in central Turkey. Researchers think that the Kangal Dog was bred specifically by the villagers to guard the village and their flocks from bears, wolves and jackals. Since the area where they were most common is so remote and isolated from other areas, the Kangal Dog has been kept pure and cross breeding did not occur. This caused the breed to be extremely uniform in their appearance and behavior. It also seems that the Kangal Dog is free of hereditary health conditions. Today, many Turks have claimed the Kangal Dog as the national dog of Turkey. He can be found on Turkish postage stamps and coins. Many academic institutions or universities and the Turkish government have begun researching and operating Kangal Dog breeding kennels where pedigrees and health records are being carefully maintained. David and Judith Nelson of the United States began studying the various dogs found in Turkey and wrote about the Kangal Dog thus introducing North America and Europe to this unique livestock guardian dog. In 1985, the Nelsons imported a Kangal Dog into the United States. It is believed that this is the first Kangal Dog to come into the United States. The Nelsons imported several more Kangal Dogs and set up a foundation for their own breeding program. These dogs imported by the Nelsons became the foundation for most of the Kangal Dogs found within North America. The United Kennel Club is the only club in North America to currently recognize the Kangal Dog.

Kangal Breed Appearance

The Kangal Dog has a short, dense double coat. His coat should never be fluffy, long or wavy. Expect him to have thicker coat during the winter months, but he will shed any excess coat during the spring and summer months. His topcoat should be harsh to the touch and his undercoat needs to be very soft and is usually a variation of gray in color. The Kangal Dog’s color is a distinctive characteristic. His color is always a solid and can be fawn sable, light golden, dun or gray; the gray color can range from a soft dove gray to a steel gray. He must have a black mask that covers his muzzle completely. The mask may also extend up his face and over the top of his head. His ears must also always be black. The only white permitted on the Kangal Dog is on his feet, chest and chin. His nose is black; eyes are deep brown to amber with the eye rims being black.

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Kangal eyes
amber Kangal eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Kangal nose
Coat Color Possibilities
gray Kangal coat
fawn Kangal coat
sable Kangal coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
Kangal straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Kangal Breed Maintenance

The Kangal Dog has a short, dense coat that is generally an easy keeper. Kangal Dogs that are working in the field with the livestock do not need to be brushed out often, usually only a few times a year. However, Kangal Dogs that live in the home will need to be groomed more often to keep loose hair from accumulating on your floor and furniture. He has a dense coat that does shed throughout the year; the shedding intensifies during the spring and summer when his heavy winter coat comes out. During times of seasonal shedding, he should be brushed daily. He should be brushed using a slicker brush and metal comb, a deshedder can also be used to aid in quickly removing any loose undercoat. Check his nails weekly, they should only need to be trimmed every few weeks but weekly checks will make sure that his feet are healthy and no cuts or abrasions are present. 

Brushes for Kangal
Slicker Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Kangal requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Kangal Temperament

The Kangal Dog is not necessarily a typical livestock guardian dog in that he is more people oriented. He is still alert and territorial, taking care of his family and home. He will become very bonded to his human family and that does make it difficult to re-home an adult Kangal Dog; he will usually be reserved with strangers. He is usually very good with children but can become very defensive towards non-family members. Early socialization and training is important to ensure he is able to become a well-adjusted member of the household. The Kangal Dog does need a secure fence or he will be roaming the neighborhood. Because he is so territorial, if he is not contained within a secure fence he can become very aggressive to other domesticated animals and other people. The Kangal Dog does require continual training, it is usually best to incorporate his training into his exercise program. 

Kangal Activity Requirements

The Kangal Dog is a medium activity level dog; however he does require daily exercise that works his body as well as his mind. Since he is a livestock guardian dog by nature, he will generally patrol his property and show signs of protecting his home and family. If there is enough acreage, he can get enough physical exercise by walking or trotting around the property. However, mental exercise will require games, obedience lessons and socialization scenarios. Integrating his training into his exercise time is a great way to burn some energy and also give him jobs to accomplish. He will become a loyal and obedient companion when he is given plenty of time to run and play.

Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
10 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
45 minutes
activity minutes

Kangal Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
4 cups
cup per day cost cup per day cost cup per day cost cup per day cost
Daily Cost
$2.75 - $3.00
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$80.00 - $90.00
food bag monthly cost

Kangal Height & Weight

6 Months
Male Kangal size stats at six months
Height: 22.0 inches Weight: 57.5 lbs
Female Kangal size stats at six months
Height: 21.0 inches Weight: 50.0 lbs
12 Months
Male Kangal size stats at 12 months
Height: 28.0 inches Weight: 95.0 lbs
Female Kangal size stats at 12 months
Height: 26.0 inches Weight: 87.5 lbs
18 Months
Male Kangal size stats at 18 months
Height: 32.0 inches Weight: 130.0 lbs
Female Kangal size stats at 18 months
Height: 29.0 inches Weight: 105.0 lbs

Kangal Owner Experiences

2 Years
4 People
House & Yard
best dog i have ever had protective happy friendly lazy
6 months, 2 weeks ago
2 Months
4 People
He's the best a really intelligent dog with protective characteristics he likes to play
5 years, 9 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
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