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90-110 lbs

The Akbash is a large livestock guardian dog. His main job has been to protect property and flocks from predators. He is evolving to become more of a family protector and guard dog. The Akbash is gentle and affectionate towards his family; however he is suspicious and possibly even vicious to strangers and other dogs. He needs continual training and is not the best choice for someone who cannot be an authoritative owner. He respects authority and will look to take the leadership role from his owner. He idoes not do well with children and can also be food aggressive. 

Livestock guardian dog
Date of Origin
750 BC

Akbash Health

Average Size
Height: 28-34 inches Weight: 90-140 lbs
Height: 28-32 inches Weight: 90-110 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Hip Dysplasia
Minor Concerns
  • Epilepsy
  • Hypothyroidism
Occasional Tests
  • Hip
  • Heart
  • Thyroid Tests
  • X-Rays
  • Physical Examination

Akbash Breed History

The Akbash was originally developed in Turkey possibly around 750 B.C. as a livestock guardian dog. He is almost always white in color or biscuit color to allow them to blend in with the flock and surprise potential predators. He originated in the western plains and mountains of Turkey and is thought to descend from mastiff-type dogs and sighthounds. Since the Akbash was a livestock guardian, he formed strong bonds with his flock or herd. He is more independent because he would live with the livestock without much human assistance or guidance. He has excellent eyesight and acute hearing, making it very difficult for predators to get close to the livestock. The Akbash is considered to be the counterpart to Mediterranean Basin guardian dogs; however, the Akbash is unique because of his combination of being stout like the Mastiff but also having sighthound characteristics. In the 1970s, Americans David and Judy Nelson began performing fieldwork in Turkey and they studied the Akbash. Since then, there have been over 40 Akbash imported into the United States by the Nelsons. The dogs that were imported by the Nelsons became the foundation stock for the Akbash in both the United States and Canada. The United States Department of Agriculture accepted the Akbash into its Predator Control Program in 1980. The Akbash was recognized as a guardian dog by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. In 1998, the United Kennel Club (UKC) officially recognized the Akbash as a breed and allowed him to compete in all UKC sanctioned events. 

Akbash Breed Appearance

The Akbash is usually solid white in color or they can have some biscuit coloring in their coat or on their head. Most livestock guardian dogs are lighter in color so they blend into the flock or herd and shepherds do not mistake them for predators which are usually dark. Many Akbash have double dewclaws on their rear legs. His coat can be short or long but both varieties are double-coated, meaning they have a topcoat and an undercoat. He is prone to heavy shedding, especially during the spring and summer. His coat should be straight but can have a slight wave. His topcoat is coarse with outer guard hairs that are longer. The undercoat is fine and soft to touch. The short coat variety has body hair that is short to medium in length and is close fitting to his body. He will have slightly longer hair around his neck, on his legs, thighs and tails. The long coat variety has long body hair that often has a slight wave but it should never appear curly.

Eye Color Possibilities
Nose Color Possibilities
Coat Color Possibilities
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Akbash Breed Maintenance

The Akbash can have either a short coat or a long coat. Both varieties have a thick undercoat that does shed excessively. The Akbash experiences shedding throughout the year and he does experience excessive shedding during the spring and summer when the dense undercoat comes out for the hotter weather. He will need to be brushed once a week to remove loose hairs and dirt from his coat. He will need to be brushed daily when he is shedding excessively to prevent matting. Use a pin brush and a metal comb to groom him. The short coat variety can be brushed with a natural bristle brush. Since his ears hang down, they will need to be checked weekly and cleaned as needed to keep infections from occurring. He does not need bathed often, only 2 to 3 times a year using a mild shampoo. His nails should be trimmed as needed, generally every 2 to 3 weeks. A routine dental plan should be followed to ensure he has healthy teeth and gums.

Brushes for Akbash
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Akbash Temperament

Generally, the Akbash is a protective, watchful dog who takes his job of protecting his family and flock seriously. He is suspicious of strangers including dogs he does not know. He can become aggressive towards people and animals he is not familiar with. The Akbash does require early socialization and training to ensure he is a well-adjusted family member. He can be food aggressive and families with children are not ideal families for the Akbash. Inexperienced dog owners should not consider an Akbash for a family companion. Akbash puppies may be cute, but they are big, powerful puppies who like to play rough including biting or mouthing during play. His training must begin at a young age and continue throughout his lifetime. He also must be socialized from a young age to ensure he does not become an aggressive dog. Puppies are very active; however their activity level does become less as they mature. He does require a solid fence that is at least five or six feet tall. 

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
10 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
45 minutes

Akbash Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
Daily Cost
$1.5 - $1.9
Monthly Cost
$39 - $52

Akbash Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 18 inches Weight: 44 lbs
Height: 17 inches Weight: 44 lbs
12 Months
Height: 26 inches Weight: 92 lbs
Height: 25 inches Weight: 80 lbs
18 Months
Height: 31 inches Weight: 115 lbs
Height: 30 inches Weight: 100 lbs

Akbash Owner Experiences

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