English Springer Spaniel

35-40 lbs
English, Spaniel

Originating in England in the 1800s, the English Springer Spaniel was a gundog that hunters used to flush and retrieve the woodcock. In fact, their name came from their ability to spring woodcock from the brush for the hunters. Today they are still used for flushing and retrieving but they are also used as show dogs and companion pets. They are a lovable and loyal dog with a good temperament and excellent intelligence. English Springer Spaniels are about 18to 21 inches high, between 40 and 50 pounds, and live about 10 to 14 years. The Spaniels were divided by size long ago; the Cocker Spaniel was the smallest of the litter, English Spaniels were the medium sized pups, and the larger were later named setters. They are now bred in two varieties: the field dog and the show dog, and they are not interbred.

flushing woodcock, gundog
Date of Origin

English Springer Spaniel Health

Sketch of English Springer Spaniel
Average Size
Male English Springer Spaniel size stats
Height: 19-21 inches Weight: 45-50 lbs
Female English Springer Spaniel size stats
Height: 18-21 inches Weight: 35-40 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Entropion
  • Ectropion
  • Retinal Dysplasia
  • Seborrhea
  • Phosphofructokinase Deficiency
  • Hip Dysplasia
Minor Concerns
  • Cataracts
  • Diabetes
  • Corneal Opacities
  • Skin Fold Dermatitis
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Occasional Tests
  • Eye
  • Hip
  • Elbow
  • Blood Test
  • Dna For Phosphofructokinase Deficiency
  • Heart

English Springer Spaniel Breed History

The first description of an English Springer Spaniel came from Dr. John Caius in 1576 but the breeds of Spaniels were not separated by function until 1801. According to the AKC, when the Spaniel was brought to England from Spain, they divided them between two types: land and water Spaniels. Americans discovered the Spaniel in the 1700s, started the American Spaniel Club in 1880, and they separated the breeds into the Cocker Spaniels and Springer Spaniels by size. The Cocker Spaniel and English Springer Spaniel were both born of the same litter (land Spaniels) but they were separated by size to perform different duties. The smaller Cocker Spaniels would hunt the woodcock. Once found, the larger English Springer Spaniels would chase the woodcock so a trained hawk or falcon could bring them to the hunters. Later, the litter would be divided further and the largest would be called Setters. In the 19th century, more Spaniel breeds were developed, named after the areas they originated such as the Shropshire Spaniel and Norfolk Spaniel. Although the Spaniel club was started in 1899, it was not until 1910 that the American Kennel Club (AKC) acknowledged the breed. One of the most famous Springers was the Norfolk Spaniel, which was bred by the Duke of Norfolk and this type of Spaniel was named the Norfolk Spaniel because of this occurrence. They are friendly and energetic dogs that work hard and play harder so they need plenty of exercise every day. Although they like children, younger kids should be supervised. Also, they can become nuisance barkers if left alone too long with nothing to do.

English Springer Spaniel Breed Appearance

The English Springer Spaniel is a medium sized dog with a medium to long length coat that may be flat or wavy. The body is compact with a docked tail, dangling ears, a gentle expression, and a friendly disposition. They have muscular and strong legs of medium size that give your dog a powerful, agile, and durable look. The oval shaped eyes are medium sized and match the color of your dog’s coat. Ears are separated widely with a broad, flat skull, divided by a groove in the middle between the eyes. The English Springer Spaniel’s muzzle is the same length as the skull and half the width, and the nose is the color of the coat as well. They have flattened cheeks, a squared mouth with full lips and strong teeth to carry game. English Springer Spaniels have a long, muscular neck, sloping shoulders, and a long and slightly elevated tail that is almost always moving. They have six color combinations, which include black and white; black and liver; blue roan; liver roan; black, white, and tan; and liver, white, and tan. Their double coat is designed for protection. The outer coat is the longer fur that provides the first line of defense from the elements and the undercoat is a soft dense fur that makes the English Springer Spaniel virtually waterproof. The thickness of the undercoat depends on the climate where you live as they can adapt to a warm or cold climate as well. Their coat is clean and glossy, giving your dog a healthy appearance.

Appearance of English Springer Spaniel
Eye Color Possibilities
hazel English Springer Spaniel eyes
brown English Springer Spaniel eyes
amber English Springer Spaniel eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black English Springer Spaniel nose
brown English Springer Spaniel nose
Coat Color Possibilities
black English Springer Spaniel coat
brown English Springer Spaniel coat
red English Springer Spaniel coat
white English Springer Spaniel coat
pied English Springer Spaniel coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
English Springer Spaniel wavy coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

English Springer Spaniel Breed Maintenance

The English Springer Spaniel is not hypoallergenic since they are constant shedders, although they do not shed too much. And while they are not major droolers, they are known to slobber just a bit. They are not smelly most of the time, but after a long day of hunting and jumping in water to retrieve birds, they may need a bath. You will need to brush your English Springer Spaniel at least once or twice a week with a hard bristle brush to keep the coat conditioned. Also, you may want to give your dog a bath at least once every few months or as needed. Keep an eye out for burs and thorns since your dog romps around in the brush a lot. They need plenty of physical and mental stimulation and appreciate a daily walk or trip to the dog park. If your English Springer Spaniel is left alone too long, barking can become a problem, especially if you live in an apartment or condominium, which is not recommended.

Brushes for English Springer Spaniel
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
English Springer Spaniel requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

English Springer Spaniel Temperament

The English Springer Spaniel is a naturally happy and energetic dog with a lot of curiosity and fun. They are an excellent watchdog for your family and are very fast learners. They are good with children but you should not leave any dog alone with small children. They do need a lot of activity to avoid boredom and they are prone to separation anxiety. Their barking could be an issue to your neighbors but with the right amount of activities, both indoor and out, you should be able to control that. With training, this is less likely to become a problem. Even if you do not hunt, your English Springer Spaniel can see small animals and birds as prey and may attack chickens or other fowl they are bred to hunt. So, if you keep ducks or chickens in your yard, you may want to make sure your English Springer Spaniel does not have access to them. Otherwise, you may be having chicken for dinner.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
14 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
90 minutes

English Springer Spaniel Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
2.8 cups
Daily Cost
$1.20 - $1.40
Monthly Cost
$34.00 - $45.00

English Springer Spaniel Height & Weight

6 Months
Sketch of English Springer Spaniel at six months
Male English Springer Spaniel size stats at six months
Height: 16 inches Weight: 22 lbs
Female English Springer Spaniel size stats at six months
Height: 15 inches Weight: 20 lbs
12 Months
Sketch of English Springer Spaniel at 12 months
Male English Springer Spaniel size stats at 12 months
Height: 20 inches Weight: 32 lbs
Female English Springer Spaniel size stats at 12 months
Height: 19 inches Weight: 25 lbs
18 Months
Sketch of English Springer Spaniel at 18 months
Male English Springer Spaniel size stats at 18 months
Height: 20 inches Weight: 47 lbs
Female English Springer Spaniel size stats at 18 months
Height: 19 inches Weight: 37 lbs

Top English Springer Spaniel Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable English Springer Spaniel breeders of 2019.
Top English Springer Spaniel breeder Northgate Springers
Northgate Springers
Broad Run, Virginia
Top English Springer Spaniel breeder kayndee English Springer Spaniels
kayndee English Springer Spaniels
York, Pennsylvania
Top English Springer Spaniel breeder Mentmore Spaniels & Brownwell Kennel
Mentmore Spaniels & Brownwell Kennel
Springboro, Ohio
Top English Springer Spaniel breeder Chivalry English Springer Spaniels
Chivalry English Springer Spaniels
Thompson, Connecticut
Top English Springer Spaniel breeder Soaring English Springer Spaniels
Soaring English Springer Spaniels
Hudson Falls, New York
Top English Springer Spaniel breeder Ramblewood English Springer Spaniels
Ramblewood English Springer Spaniels
Pasco, Washington
Top English Springer Spaniel breeder Paradise Springer's
Paradise Springer's
Brooksville, Florida
Top English Springer Spaniel breeder Downs Lake Kennel
Downs Lake Kennel
Spokane, Washington
Top English Springer Spaniel breeder Wallylama English Springer Spaniels
Wallylama English Springer Spaniels
Minneapolis, Minnesota

English Springer Spaniel Owner Experiences

3 Months
2 People
ESS is an affectionate, intelligent, funny and high enrgey dog. we have ours for 3 months now and she has completely changed our lives. We are now regular with our exercise, diet and sleep schedule.She is not a good guard dog and tends to get scared easily, so we are extra careful when we walk her as big dogs get her into a panic. She loves water and no matter how hard we try to keep her clean and dry ,, she always finds a way to get soaked and muddy.
11 months, 2 weeks ago
2 Years
Most Springer Spaniels I've encountered are incredibly high-energy, some to the point of not listening or responding to commands. While being generally friendly, they can also be serious leash-pullers and jumpers due to their excitement. They mean well though
1 year, 5 months ago
Rooster Raising Rosie
6 Years
3 People
House & Yard
Runs, Walks, Hunting, and Swiming
I have had Springer Spaniels since 1979. Love them and their personalities.
1 year, 5 months ago
1 Year
The English Springer Spaniel I walked was so much fun! He was young and incredibly full of energy. We spent almost our entire walk in a sprint, but he was very agreeable and easy to guide – he never resisted when we needed to change direction. He was just so enthusiastic about life, it was adorable. He especially loved looking for squirrels and birds in the park. He was incredibly friendly and it felt like we were friends as soon as I came through the door. He did bark when I knocked and cried after I left him on his own. Overall, a very sweet breed, from my experience. They just need a lot of exercise! Take them out multiple times a day, and they will be so grateful.
1 year, 5 months ago
3 Years
I walk Cooper the Springer spaniel a few times a week. He has a gorgeous coat and curly ears. He’s extremely intelligent and high energy. He’s also very anxious and can be very reactive on walks. If he sees a person he doesn’t like he’ll sometimes bark at them. It’s tough because he’s super adorable and people want to pet him, but he doesn’t really allow anyone near him other than me and his family. He’s so sweet and affectionate to those he trusts. He smells everything in sight during walks.
1 year, 5 months ago
8 Years
Bella is an older dog with some arthritis so she isn't super energetic on walks. But she seems to enjoy being outside and sniffing the ground and trees. She is obviously well trained and smart. She is friendly but not overly affectionate and not at all aggressive. She doesn't pull on the leash and has no triggers to cause her to bark or be startled. She gives the impression that she would be well behaved around children and other animals.
1 year, 5 months ago
3 Years
The typical Spaniel is friendly, eager to please, quick to learn and willing to obey.[6] In the right circumstances they can be an affectionate and easy-going family dog. Its alertness and attentiveness make it a good hunting companion. A typical Springer Spaniel will often choose one person in the family to be most loyal to and stick with that person as much as possible. The English Springer Spaniel ranks 13th in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs, considered an excellent working dog. It has exceptional stamina and needs moderate amounts of activity, to focus its mind and to provide exercise, although this is different for each dog. Its long-legged build makes it among the fastest of the spaniels.
1 year, 5 months ago
9 Years
The dog I walked was a bit of a slow walker but very sweet and happy to be outside.
1 year, 5 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
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