Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)

99-110 lbs
Caucasian Ovtcharka, Caucasian Sheepdog, Caucasian Shepherd, Russian Mountain Dog, Caucasian Owcharka

This ancient breed is large and in charge. They were bred in the mountains of Caucasus, somewhere between Europe and Asia and is known by many different names; the most common being the Caucasian Ovcharka or the Caucasian Shepherd. It comes as no surprise that these large dogs were used primarily to guard flocks of sheep from any predators, whether the threat was human or animal. Because of this role, the temperament of the Caucasian Mountain Dog can vary greatly. They can be either friendly and calm, completely warm and loving to their families, or they can be ferocious and unmanageable. How these dogs turn out relies completely on their owner’s ability to train firmly, yet kindly. This means, that while the protective nature of this breed may seem very attractive to some, the Caucasian Mountain Dog may not be the best fit for an inexperienced dog owner. While these large, fluffy dogs were used for protecting flocks originally, they are now used most often as a family dog; however, the aggressive and protective tendencies of this breed have caused its popularity to be rather low in the past. Most likely, as the popularity of the Caucasian Mountain Dog increases, selective breeding will work to decrease the protective overdrive of the Caucasian Mountain Dog.

flock guardian, border patrol
Date of Origin

Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Health

Sketch of Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)
Average Size
Male Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) size stats
Height: 26-29 inches Weight: 110-154 lbs
Female Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) size stats
Height: 25-28 inches Weight: 99-110 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Hip Dysplasia
Minor Concerns
  • Cataracts
Occasional Tests
  • Hip X-Rays
  • Eye Examination

Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Breed History

 The Caucasian Mountain Dog takes its name from the Caucasus Mountains which lie between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea. The official standard for this dog is actually set by the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale) as opposed to the AKC and is based on the Georgian Shepherd dogs. These dogs are large, sturdy, and well built. They were created from pre-historic Molosser dogs (such as the Tibetan Mastiff) and had a specific job of guarding flocks against human and animal threats, meaning that the Caucasian Mountain Dog is fearless and loyal. In the year 1990, Stacy and Russell Kubyn, a couple from Ohio, imported the first Caucasian Mountain Dogs to America and formed the Caucasian Ovcharka Club of America. While the popularity of these dogs has yet to sky-rocket, the United Kennel Club did accept it as an official breed and allowed the dogs to compete in events like obedience and rally. Despite the fact that this breed is still fairly rare in the United states, the Caucasian Mountain Dog is especially popular in Russia. It is commonly known by the name “Ovcharka”, which means sheepdog in Russian. While the need for sheep herding has declined significantly over the years, this popularity with the Russians ensures that the Caucasian Mountain Dog continues to be bred and used in shows, as well as becoming excellent family guard dogs and companions.

Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Breed Appearance

The Caucasian Mountain Dog is a massive dog that has a double-coat, consisting of a soft underlayer and a coarse outer layer. After the puppy fur has grown out and the dog has reached adult hood, the fur can vary in length, either becoming long, medium, or short. This will purely depend on the individual dog’s parents. The Caucasian Mountain Dogs that have long hair will possess a mane that encircles the neck, as well as feathering that trails down the back of the legs and tail. Medium coats will have less predominate feathering and hardly any mane, while the very rare short-haired Caucasian Mountain dogs will have no feathering or mane at all. Coloring can range from a white to a rust red. Black accents are common in this breed.  The stature of the Caucasian Mountain Dog is firm and well balanced, with a large head and loose ears.

Appearance of Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)
Eye Color Possibilities
brown Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) nose
Coat Color Possibilities
black Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) coat
gray Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) coat
fawn Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) coat
white Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) coat
cream Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Breed Maintenance

Just like all double-coated breeds, the Caucasian Mountain Dog will need frequent brushing. This is because shedding will happen consistently throughout the year and a good brushing a few times a week will help to decrease the amount of shedding. Once a year when the Caucasian Mountain Dog blows his coat in a heavy shed, frequent baths and daily brushing will help to shed the old coat faster. Besides brushing, routine cleaning of the ears and clipping of the nails in necessary. Dogs that have loose ears like the Caucasian Mountain Dog are more susceptible to ear infections, so frequent ear checks and cleaning are a must. Keep your dog’s nails trimmed so that they do not scratch others if the dog jumps up. If you can hear clicking on the floor when the dog walks, the nails need to be trimmed.

Brushes for Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog)
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Temperament

While this breed is loyal and can be very sweet, it is important to remember that guard dog is part of their DNA. They were designed to protect flocks from threats, no matter how big that threat may be, or whether that threat was a human or a bear. If a young Caucasian Mountain Dog is well socialized and trained with commands early on in life, the dog will be a wonderful family pet that is excellent around children and other animals. These dogs are calm and not high energy when they reach adult hood, so they do quite well in apartments and small homes. When the family is at home, it is important that the dog is inside with the family being socialized and loved. When left outside to their own entertainment, the dog can become aggressive and destructive. The Caucasian Mountain Dog, while extremely protective, is a loyal and sweet dog that will follow his owner anywhere.

Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Activity Requirements

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
8 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
4 cups
Daily Cost
$2.75 - $3.00
Monthly Cost
$80.00 - $90.00

Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Height & Weight

6 Months
Sketch of Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) at six months
Male Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) size stats at six months
Height: 18.0 inches Weight: 60.0 lbs
Female Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) size stats at six months
Height: 17.0 inches Weight: 50.0 lbs
12 Months
Sketch of Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) at 12 months
Male Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) size stats at 12 months
Height: 25.0 inches Weight: 82.5 lbs
Female Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) size stats at 12 months
Height: 24.0 inches Weight: 75.0 lbs
18 Months
Sketch of Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) at 18 months
Male Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) size stats at 18 months
Height: 27.5 inches Weight: 132.0 lbs
Female Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) size stats at 18 months
Height: 26.5 inches Weight: 102.5 lbs

Top Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) breeders of 2021.
Top Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) breeder Rockhill Caucasians
Rockhill Caucasians
Tulsa, Oklahoma
Top Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) breeder Esquire Caucasian
Esquire Caucasian
Chardon, Ohio

Caucasian Shepherd (Mountain Dog) Owner Experiences

3 Months
6 People
Just got him, still trying to understand him
1 year, 2 months ago
8 Months
3 People
Taking her with me to the beer garden
This is my first Caucasian and she is absolutely fantastic. I had a Rottweiler before who was also amazing
2 years, 10 months ago
4 Months
3 People
House & Yard
Strong, a bit stubborn
3 years, 8 months ago
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