Caucasian Mountain Dog

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99-110 lbs
Caucasian Ovtcharka, Caucasian Sheepdog, Caucasian Shepherd, Russian Mountain Dog, Caucasian Owcharka

This ancient breed is large and in charge. They were bred in the mountains of Caucasus, somewhere between Europe and Asia and is known by many different names; the most common being the Caucasian Ovcharka or the Caucasian Shepherd. It comes as no surprise that these large dogs were used primarily to guard flocks of sheep from any predators, whether the threat was human or animal. Because of this role, the temperament of the Caucasian Mountain Dog can vary greatly. They can be either friendly and calm, completely warm and loving to their families, or they can be ferocious and unmanageable. How these dogs turn out relies completely on their owner’s ability to train firmly, yet kindly. This means, that while the protective nature of this breed may seem very attractive to some, the Caucasian Mountain Dog may not be the best fit for an inexperienced dog owner. While these large, fluffy dogs were used for protecting flocks originally, they are now used most often as a family dog; however, the aggressive and protective tendencies of this breed have caused its popularity to be rather low in the past. Most likely, as the popularity of the Caucasian Mountain Dog increases, selective breeding will work to decrease the protective overdrive of the Caucasian Mountain Dog.

flock guardian, border patrol
Date of Origin

Caucasian Mountain Dog Health

Average Size
Height: 26-29 inches Weight: 110-154 lbs
Height: 25-28 inches Weight: 99-110 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Hip Dysplasia
Minor Concerns
  • Cataracts
Occasional Tests
  • Hip X-Rays
  • Eye Examination

Caucasian Mountain Dog Breed History

 The Caucasian Mountain Dog takes its name from the Caucasus Mountains which lie between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea. The official standard for this dog is actually set by the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale) as opposed to the AKC and is based on the Georgian Shepherd dogs. These dogs are large, sturdy, and well built. They were created from pre-historic Molosser dogs (such as the Tibetan Mastiff) and had a specific job of guarding flocks against human and animal threats, meaning that the Caucasian Mountain Dog is fearless and loyal. In the year 1990, Stacy and Russell Kubyn, a couple from Ohio, imported the first Caucasian Mountain Dogs to America and formed the Caucasian Ovcharka Club of America. While the popularity of these dogs has yet to sky-rocket, the United Kennel Club did accept it as an official breed and allowed the dogs to compete in events like obedience and rally. Despite the fact that this breed is still fairly rare in the United states, the Caucasian Mountain Dog is especially popular in Russia. It is commonly known by the name “Ovcharka”, which means sheepdog in Russian. While the need for sheep herding has declined significantly over the years, this popularity with the Russians ensures that the Caucasian Mountain Dog continues to be bred and used in shows, as well as becoming excellent family guard dogs and companions.

Caucasian Mountain Dog Breed Appearance

The Caucasian Mountain Dog is a massive dog that has a double-coat, consisting of a soft underlayer and a coarse outer layer. After the puppy fur has grown out and the dog has reached adult hood, the fur can vary in length, either becoming long, medium, or short. This will purely depend on the individual dog’s parents. The Caucasian Mountain Dogs that have long hair will possess a mane that encircles the neck, as well as feathering that trails down the back of the legs and tail. Medium coats will have less predominate feathering and hardly any mane, while the very rare short-haired Caucasian Mountain dogs will have no feathering or mane at all. Coloring can range from a white to a rust red. Black accents are common in this breed.  The stature of the Caucasian Mountain Dog is firm and well balanced, with a large head and loose ears.

Appearance of caucasian-mountain-dog
Eye Color Possibilities
Nose Color Possibilities
Coat Color Possibilities
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Caucasian Mountain Dog Breed Maintenance

Just like all double-coated breeds, the Caucasian Mountain Dog will need frequent brushing. This is because shedding will happen consistently throughout the year and a good brushing a few times a week will help to decrease the amount of shedding. Once a year when the Caucasian Mountain Dog blows his coat in a heavy shed, frequent baths and daily brushing will help to shed the old coat faster. Besides brushing, routine cleaning of the ears and clipping of the nails in necessary. Dogs that have loose ears like the Caucasian Mountain Dog are more susceptible to ear infections, so frequent ear checks and cleaning are a must. Keep your dog’s nails trimmed so that they do not scratch others if the dog jumps up. If you can hear clicking on the floor when the dog walks, the nails need to be trimmed.

Brushes for Caucasian Mountain Dog
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Caucasian Mountain Dog Temperament

While this breed is loyal and can be very sweet, it is important to remember that guard dog is part of their DNA. They were designed to protect flocks from threats, no matter how big that threat may be, or whether that threat was a human or a bear. If a young Caucasian Mountain Dog is well socialized and trained with commands early on in life, the dog will be a wonderful family pet that is excellent around children and other animals. These dogs are calm and not high energy when they reach adult hood, so they do quite well in apartments and small homes. When the family is at home, it is important that the dog is inside with the family being socialized and loved. When left outside to their own entertainment, the dog can become aggressive and destructive. The Caucasian Mountain Dog, while extremely protective, is a loyal and sweet dog that will follow his owner anywhere.

Caucasian Mountain Dog Activity Requirements

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
8 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Caucasian Mountain Dog Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
4 cups
Daily Cost
$2.8 - $3
Monthly Cost
$80 - $90

Caucasian Mountain Dog Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 18 inches Weight: 60 lbs
Height: 17 inches Weight: 50 lbs
12 Months
Height: 25 inches Weight: 82 lbs
Height: 24 inches Weight: 75 lbs
18 Months
Height: 27 inches Weight: 132 lbs
Height: 26 inches Weight: 102 lbs

Top Caucasian Mountain Dog Breeders

Check out who made our list for the most reputable Caucasian Mountain Dog breeders of 2018.
Rockhill Caucasians
Tulsa, Oklahoma
Esquire Caucasian
Chardon, Ohio

Caucasian Mountain Dog Owner Experiences

4 Months
3 People
House & Yard
Strong, a bit stubborn
4 months, 1 week ago
11 Weeks
Caucasian Shepherd Dogs require very specific and detailed training.[citation needed] From the ages of 0–9 months the obedience of the dog has already been formed.[citation needed] It is recommended that an expert begins to train the dog from the ages of 7–8 months old.[citation needed] The training that is involved in this early stage should be light guidance on the teaching of obedience.[citation needed] Puppy school has been described as a bad option for the Caucasian Shepherd Dog.[citation needed] They do not tolerate other dogs very well and get out of control easily.[citation needed] This can be difficult to manage even if they are still young. After the early stages and training of a Caucasian Shepherd Dogs life, they can move on to learn about how to herd different types of livestock and defend them if the situation arises.[citation needed]
1 month, 4 weeks ago
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