Montenegrin Mountain Hound

44-55 lbs
Black Hound, Black Forest Hound, Yugoslavian Mountain Hound, Crnogorski Planinski Gonic, Jugoslavenski Planinksi Gonic
Similar to other scent hounds of the region, the Montenegrin Mountain Hound, originally known as the Black or Yugoslavian Mountain Hound, is a well-tempered breed with excellent tracking abilities. They are not only known for their excellent noses, but their hardy nature, impressive endurance, endless resolve and all-around even temperament. As their name implies, they were bred for traversing mountainous terrain and are tenacious hunters in the field, used for centuries to hunt small game such as hare and fox and occasionally even deer and wild boar, usually in packs. Much of their characteristics derive from their age-old duties, such as their social nature with other dogs and their easy-going attitude with most people. They form strong attachments to their owners and families and have know to be quite affectionate, especially with those who train them. Montenegrin Mountain Hounds are not the easiest dogs to train, but they are also not the most difficult, and generally do well with at least mildly experienced owners as long as they have firm but caring guidance. While bred for hunting, they've begun to make a slow transition into that of companion animals in recent years, as their laid-back attitudes make for relatively easy care. They do, however, have a few small setbacks, including their high energy level, which requires a considerable amount of exercise, as well as a high prey drive, which means they're generally not good with non-canine animals. Because they are used to warning their owners of potential prey or general excitement, they also tend to bark a fair amount, making them less suitable for apartment living unless thoroughly trained. Fun fact: The most famous dog of the breed is actually a rubber hand puppet named Triumph, the Insult Comic Dog from Late Night with Conan O'Brien.
purpose Purpose
Hunting, Companion
history Date of Origin
ancestry Ancestry
European Scent Hounds, Native Slavic Hounds

Montenegrin Mountain Hound Health

Average Size
Male Montenegrin Mountain Hound size stats
Height: 17-22 inches Weight: 44-55 lbs
Female Montenegrin Mountain Hound size stats
Height: 17-22 inches Weight: 44-55 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Canine Hip Dysplasia
Minor Concerns
  • Ear Infections
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Ectropion
Occasional Tests
  • X-Rays
  • Physical Examination
  • Ear Examination

Montenegrin Mountain Hound Breed History

Like many breeds that stem back in history a century or more, little documentation seems to exist on the dog's actual origin, but there are hints that imply how they may have first developed. They share quite a bit in common with other regional breeds like that of the Serbian Hound, indicating they may also share similar ancestry. Heavy speculation exists that both were likely the result of a cross between the trim, fast, sleek sight hounds that were often traded by the Phoenicians and that of indigenous Slavic dogs, those that were a bit more rugged, muscular and strong of nose. Regardless of their timeline, whenever they were produced in any useful capacity, their development marked a huge change in the abilities of hunters in the region to pursue their prey - with one or many strong-nosed, endurant dogs at the lead. Records indicate hounds very similar to those around today were used as far back as the 1800s, but could go further given their extensive use in the area. Official acknowledgement did not appear until 1924, when the first breed standard was written, but they were not truly recognized until 1969, then still known as the Yugoslavian Mountain Hound. In 1997, the FCI officially changed their name to the Montenegrin Mountain Hound and in 2008, they were finally recognized by the United Kennel Club. While they were and are somewhat popular animals to use for hunting in the region compared to other breeds, they are still considered quite rare and are not often found outside of their area of origin.

Montenegrin Mountain Hound Breed Appearance

Montenegrin Mountain Hounds are a medium-sized breed, standing 17 to 22 inches at the withers and weighing around an average of 50 pounds. They have a solid, muscular yet athletic build with a look that perfectly suits one of their alternate "Black Hound" name. Their short, smooth, glossy coats are mostly black with reddish-tan markings on the head and lower legs with an occasional spot of white. Their heads are longer than they are wide with a skull slightly longer than the thick, broad-based muzzle. Their noses are black, their eyes light to dark brown, and their ears high-set, oval, and folded. They have a relatively square look, being only slightly longer than they are tall and possessing a deep, round chest, straight back, muscular thighs and shoulders and a relatively thick, tapering tail.
Eye Color Possibilities
brown Montenegrin Mountain Hound eyes
amber Montenegrin Mountain Hound eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Montenegrin Mountain Hound nose
Coat Color Possibilities
black Montenegrin Mountain Hound coat
brown Montenegrin Mountain Hound coat
red Montenegrin Mountain Hound coat
white Montenegrin Mountain Hound coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
Montenegrin Mountain Hound straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Montenegrin Mountain Hound Breed Maintenance

Montenegrin Mountain Hounds are low maintenance dogs, as their short coats need brushing only once or twice a week with a firm bristle brush to remove loose hair and dirt while helping to distribute their coat's natural oils. If used for hunting or exercised at the recommended rate for such a high energy dog, their nails will likely at least partially wear down naturally but may still need to be trimmed to prevent painful cracking or breaking. Like any breed, their teeth should also be brushed regularly, at least once a week if possible, to help them maintain good oral health. Their ears should be checked frequently, especially in warmer or more humid climates, as excess moisture buildup increases the chance of ear infections.
Brushes for Montenegrin Mountain Hound
Pin Brush
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Montenegrin Mountain Hound requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Montenegrin Mountain Hound Temperament

Like many other scent hounds, the Montenegrin Mountain Hound is a tale of two good personalities. While on the hunt, they are lively, determined animals with a high level of endurance to match. While in the home, however, they are laid-back, docile dogs that are easy-going with both their families and other dogs. They are an affectionate breed and form tight bonds with their owners and families, going to great lengths to prove their loyalty. Because of their intelligence and the independence developed over centuries of hunting, they can be a bit stubborn, so the earlier owners approach training the better. They can be a bit sensitive, so positive reinforcement and a firm hand will go a long way, especially over a punishment-based training style. While they are not necessarily inherently wary of strangers, they may have a tendency to be aloof but if directed, will gladly accept a job as a guardian, watching and wandering the premises of their home and alerting their owners of any suspicious activity. Because of it, they can tend to be frequent barkers, making them a bit less suitable for apartment living, especially when combined with their high energy levels. Montenegrin Mountain Hounds are generally known to be good with kids but may have trouble with non-canine animals in and around the home due to their high prey drive.

Montenegrin Mountain Hound Activity Requirements

This breed is considered a medium-to-high energy dog, largely due to their highly-muscled frame and the endurance they've developed over centuries of hunting. Because of it, they generally do better in homes with yards, nearby dog parks, or active families who can dedicate at least 45 minutes to 2 miles of walking and running to their dog per day. If they do not get the proper amount of exercise, they may become restless and their behavior may suffer because of it.
Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
14 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
45 minutes
activity minutes

Montenegrin Mountain Hound Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
cup per day cost cup per day cost cup per day cost
Daily Cost
$1.50 - $2.00
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$45.00 - $60.00
food bag monthly cost

Montenegrin Mountain Hound Height & Weight

6 Months
Male Montenegrin Mountain Hound size stats at six months
Height: 14.0 inches Weight: 35.0 lbs
Female Montenegrin Mountain Hound size stats at six months
Height: 14.0 inches Weight: 35.0 lbs
12 Months
Male Montenegrin Mountain Hound size stats at 12 months
Height: 26.5 inches Weight: 42.0 lbs
Female Montenegrin Mountain Hound size stats at 12 months
Height: 26.5 inches Weight: 42.0 lbs
18 Months
Male Montenegrin Mountain Hound size stats at 18 months
Height: 19.5 inches Weight: 49.5 lbs
Female Montenegrin Mountain Hound size stats at 18 months
Height: 19.5 inches Weight: 49.5 lbs

Montenegrin Mountain Hound Owner Experiences

Animal Expert Question Icon
Question - Behavior

Hey, i just got a Montenegrin mountain hound and he is so pretty and he is a puppy but i have a problem when i am close to him he wants to play but he wants to eat my fingers and every other pet he sees he run after them!

Book me a walkiee?
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd