Since the Border Jack hybrid likely originated in the United States within the past few decades, the history of the hybrid is scant. However, a rich history can be found on the parent breeds, the Border Collie and the Jack Russell Terrier. The Border Collie originated in England and can be traced back to the first century when the invading Romans brought their own larger shepherding breeds to help to manage the flocks and herds. Later, the breed was modified when the invading Vikings, bringing their own smaller spitz-like dogs to England, bred those with the existing breeds to get the smaller, stronger and more energetic Border Collie that we see today. The Jack Russell Terrier can be traced back to the early 1800’s when, in Devonshire England, the young John (Jack) Russell (who later became a parson and hence the name of the breed, also called the Parson (Jack) Russell Terrier) stumbled upon an adorable Terrier bitch (thought to be a cross between a Fox Terrier and a Black and Tan Terrier). He was so taken by this delightful animal that he bought her on the spot and she is said to be the beginning of the new breed which he developed over his lifetime. The Jack Russell Terrier was bred to hunt and flush out foxes and such from their lairs but without killing them. Mr. Russell is thought to have utilized the Fox Terrier and perhaps the Beagle to obtain a taller Terrier breed without the “killer blood” of some other hunting breeds. After his death, other breeds like Dachshunds, Corgis, assorted toys and Terriers were introduced into the breeding process, thereby eliminating the breed's ability to be recognized by the English Kennel Club despite its extreme popularity in the British Isles. The Border Collie and the Jack Russell Terrier were later bred in the United States to create the Border Jack hybrid. The purpose behind this breeding seems to have been a desire to develop a breed which would have the quickness and agility to perform in sports flyball, a type of relay race in which dogs race over jumps, retrieve a ball and return. This breeding combination produced a canine with significant skills to perform in these sporting areas.