Pumi

22-24 lbs
15-17"
Hungary
Hungarian Pumi

The Pumi is a fun-loving and happy-go-lucky small breed dog. He does require daily activity to keep him at a healthy weight and provide an outlet for his energy. After he has had his playtime or exercise, he is content to relax inside at your feet. His original purpose was to herd; he will try to herd children by nipping at their legs and heels. He can also be a barky dog when he has nothing to occupy his time. The Pumi is a great choice as a family companion and will provide years of loyalty and spunkiness. Overall, he is easy to train and will need a consistent trainer to ensure he knows his place within the family.

Purpose
Herding
Date of Origin
1700s
Ancestry
Puli, German and French Sheepdog

Pumi Health

Average Size
Male Pumi size stats
Height: 16-18 inches Weight: 27-29 lbs
Female Pumi size stats
Height: 15-17 inches Weight: 22-24 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Lens Luxation
Minor Concerns
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Degenerative Myelopathy
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Elbow Dysplasia
Occasional Tests
  • Eye Examination
  • OFA on hips and elbows
  • DNA Test

Pumi Breed History

The Pumi dates back to the 1700s and is a direct descendent from the Puli, German Sheepdogs and French Sheepdogs, possibly the Pomeranian and Hutespitz. Many speculate that they also have ancient terriers in their lineage, which is why they can exhibit some terrier-like traits. The Puli was used to herd merino sheep in the 17th and 18th centuries. Hungarian shepherds began cross breeding the Puli with other herding dogs, mainly French and German Sheepdogs. The offspring of these breedings were able to handle the terrain of Hungary better than the Puli. The Pumi was developed to drive cattle because of his spirited, vocal and energetic ways. It did take over 300 years for the Pumi to evolve into the Pumi of today. He was first mentioned in historical documents by his name in 1815 but it took over a hundred years later before he was actually recognized as a breed. Even though the Pumi has a unique look with his puffy ears, many still confuse him with the Puli. He is not simply a herding dog; he was expected to perform other duties around the farm such as being a watchdog, hunting vermin and guarding the livestock. He is very much a typical herding breed and can be extremely vocal; in fact, his original breed standard described him as not having the ability to keep quiet. Over the years, the Pumi has spread outside of Hungary throughout Europe and into North America. The Hungarian Pumi Club of America was established and members worked diligently to educate the general public about these interesting herding dogs. The American Kennel Club recognized the Pumi as a herding breed in 2016.

Pumi Breed Appearance

The Pumi is a small to medium sized dog that has a distinctive look. His coat is a variety of wavy and curly. Over time, his coat forms corkscrew curls over his entire body. He is a double coated dog. The texture of his topcoat is harsh but his undercoat is softer. The Pumi’s coat stands away from his body about one and a half to three inches. His hair should never be corded or straight. He has a long head with ears that are semi-erect and seem to stick out the sides of his head. His tail is circular and has little undercoat. He has a black nose and his pigmentation should be dark as are his gums. His eyes are dark brown. The Pumi comes in black, silver, rust, sand, grey or grizzle. The only white allowed on his body can be on his chest and can only be less than one inch. He should never be patterned, pied or black and tan. 

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Pumi eyes
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
black Pumi nose
Black
Coat Color Possibilities
black Pumi coat
Black
gray Pumi coat
Gray
silver Pumi coat
Silver
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Pumi curly coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Pumi Breed Maintenance

The Pumi does require more maintenance than the typical herding breed. Because of his corkscrew curls, he needs to be combed at least once a week to remove tangles or sticks from his coat. His undercoat will shed seasonally; during this time he does need to be groomed more often to keep matting from occurring. Even though he does shed, you will not notice a lot of hair on the carpeting, furniture or clothing. Do not ever blow dry his coat, it should only be allowed to dry naturally so the curl comes back and the coat does not dry out and break off. He will need to be trimmed every few months and most Pumi owners choose to have him professionally trimmed. At the most, a Pumi can be bathed monthly using a mild shampoo that is specially formulated for a curly coat. His nails should be clipped as needed, generally when he is trimmed. Check his ears weekly to ensure they are clean and free of infection or foul odors. 

Brushes for Pumi
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Comb
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Pumi requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Pumi Temperament

The Pumi is characterized as a small dog with a big personality. He is attentive and active and loves playing games. Many times, the Pumi will watch people, especially strangers, before approaching them. He is naturally unsure of strangers and is very discerning. The Pumi generally gets along well with other dogs and even cats that he has been raised with. He is also able to be around other household pets, but will need to be monitored when interacting with these pets. Overall, he is a highly trainable, very energetic companion who enjoys communicating by barking or vocalizing his wants and wishes. Because he is such a vocal dog, he is not recommended for apartment living or even subdivisions where noise ordinances are in effect. It can be very difficult to train a Pumi to stay quiet and he will become a nuisance if he is left alone for too long. The Pumi excels at dog sports such as agility, obedience and herding trials. 

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
8 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
45 minutes

Pumi Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1.2 cups
Daily Cost
$1.00 - $1.00
Monthly Cost
$25.00 - $30.00

Pumi Height & Weight

6 Months
Male Pumi size stats at six months
Height: 13 inches Weight: 16 lbs
Female Pumi size stats at six months
Height: 12 inches Weight: 15 lbs
12 Months
Male Pumi size stats at 12 months
Height: 16 inches Weight: 21 lbs
Female Pumi size stats at 12 months
Height: 15 inches Weight: 19 lbs
18 Months
Male Pumi size stats at 18 months
Height: 17 inches Weight: 28 lbs
Female Pumi size stats at 18 months
Height: 16 inches Weight: 23 lbs

Pumi Owner Experiences

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