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9-13 lbs
United States
Brussels Griffon
Cairn Terrier

Your Grifficairn is an ideal mix of the Brussels Griffon and the Cairn Terrier, which are both toy breed dogs. They usually weigh about 12 pounds and stand 11 inches high on average. Their coat is usually short and wiry with a medium density. The Grifficairn loves everyone and is good for people with children and other pets. They are easy to train although housebreaking them can take a little extra time and patience in some dogs. Their Terrier attitude makes them a courageous and fearless protector so they can be a good watchdog as well. However, they do not like to be left alone too long so they do well when there are other pets in the household.

Lap dog
Date of Origin
Brussels Griffon and Cairn Terrier

Grifficairn Health

Average Size
Male Grifficairn size stats
Height: 10-13 inches Weight: 11-15 lbs
Female Grifficairn size stats
Height: 9-11 inches Weight: 9-13 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Brachycephalic Syndrome
  • Syringomyelia
  • Atopy Dermatitis
  • Mitral Valve Dysplasia
  • Craniomandibular Osteopathy (Lion Jaw)
Minor Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Cataracts
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
  • Allergies
  • Kidney Disease
  • Tumors
Occasional Tests
  • X-Rays
  • CT Scan
  • Eye Examination
  • Respiratory Tests
  • Skin Evaluation
  • Ultrasound
  • Blood Tests

Grifficairn Breed History

The Brussels Griffon originated in the 1800s in Belgium and was used as a ratter to keep the stables free of vermin. This breed comes in two varieties, which are the rough and smooth coated types. They got their name from the city where they were first born, which was Brussels, Belgium. Their ancestor, the Griffon d’Ecurie, was a stable dog in the early 19th century who was a favorite with horse-drawn cab drivers and farmers. Later that century, they were bred with the English Toy Spaniel, Pug, Affenpinscher, and the Yorkshire Terrier. It is thought that they got their size and rough coat from the Affenpinscher, facial quality from the Pug, and big eyes from the English Toy Spaniel. The Yorkshire Terrier contributed the smooth coat to the smooth coated Brussels Griffon. They have two other varieties, the Belgium Griffon and the Petit Brabancon, but they are not recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The Brussels Griffon is the 97th most popular breed in the United States and they were accepted by the AKC in 1910. The Cairn Terrier has been around since the 1500s and was one of Scotland’s first original Terriers. This breed was known for its awesome ability of badger and fox hunting, which is where they got their name because a cairn is the rock den where badgers and foxes live. They are thought to be ancestors of the Skye Terrier, West Highland White Terrier, and the Scottish Terrier. They became increasingly popular in the 1930s when a Cairn Terrier played the role of Toto in The Wizard of Oz. The AKC officially accepted the Cairn Terrier in 1913 and they are the 70th most popular breed in the United States.

Grifficairn Breed Appearance

This breed has a short and harsh coat that may be wiry and has a medium density. They may be almost any color including black, gray, brown, red, cream, fawn, and brindle. However, they usually have a dark and bushy face with triangular ears that perk up when they are listening, which is almost always. They are small, standing 9 to 13 inches tall and weighing about 9 to 15 pounds on average. Their legs are short but muscular, with small feet that are good for digging. Their big, brown eyes are constantly alert and curious and their black nose is small and blends in well with the darkened muzzle.

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Grifficairn eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Grifficairn nose
Coat Color Possibilities
black Grifficairn coat
gray Grifficairn coat
brown Grifficairn coat
red Grifficairn coat
cream Grifficairn coat
fawn Grifficairn coat
brindle Grifficairn coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Grifficairn wiry coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Grifficairn Breed Maintenance

You should brush your Grifficairn with a slicker brush and comb her beard and mustache with a metal comb at least once or twice a week. If they have a wiry coat, you will need to strip their fur of dead hair every few months. This can be done by hand or using a stripping blade. In addition, their ears need to be cleaned once a week and checked for redness, earwax buildup, or other debris. Trim your dog’s toenails about once a month and brush their teeth with toothpaste made specially for dogs at least once a week to prevent dental issues.

Brushes for Grifficairn
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Grifficairn requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Grifficairn Temperament

This breed is highly intelligent, loves to be the center of attention, and wants to be with the family all the time. Since they are fearless and brave, they need to be socialized and trained well so they know how to behave with guests. However, they do get along well with other pets, including other dogs at your local dog park. Training them is quite easy because they learn fast and love to be praised for it. Some dogs may have trouble with housetraining but, with time, patience, and positive reinforcement, it should not be too difficult. Make sure you provide your dog with plenty of activities if you will be gone for a while because they hate to be left alone.

Grifficairn Activity Requirements

The Grifficairn needs at least one hour of activity every day to be healthy and happy. If your dog does not get enough exercise, she can develop behavioral problems such as excessive barking, chewing, or digging. Some of the activities your Grifficairn may enjoy are hiking in the woods, jogging, swimming, playing frisbee or flyball, fetching anything you can find, and playing with other dogs at the dog park. She may also like agility training and should be quite good at it, despite her size. In fact, because she is so small, much of her exercise can be done inside the house.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
9 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes

Grifficairn Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1.5 cups
Daily Cost
$1.2 - $1.4
Monthly Cost
$30 - $40

Grifficairn Owner Experiences

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