Cavanese

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7-14 lbs
8-12"
​United States
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Havanese
Havalier

The Cavanese is a toy-sized dog weighing up to 15 pounds. They are a cross between a purebred Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a purebred Havanese and are sometimes referred to as a Havalier. They come in a range of colours including fawn, tan, black and white and can be bi or tricolored. Their coats are usually short and soft, and can have a wave or slight curl which will need regular grooming. They are smart, sweet dogs who are very affectionate but don’t like being left alone for too long and have been known to suffer from separation anxiety. Despite their size they do need regular exercise and enjoy playing with toys. They are eager to please so are regarded as highly trainable and respond best to rewards and praise.

Purpose
​Companion
Date of Origin
1980s
Ancestry
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Havanese

Cavanese Health

Average Size
Male Cavanese size stats
Height: 9-13 inches Weight: 8-15 lbs
Female Cavanese size stats
Height: 8-12 inches Weight: 7-14 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Mitral Valve Disease
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
  • Syringomyelia
Minor Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Liver Shunts
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Deafness
  • Various Eye Conditions
Occasional Tests
  • X-Rays
  • Eye Examination
  • Physical Examination
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Blood Work

Cavanese Breed History

The Cavanese is a combination of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a Havanese, the latter being the national dog of Cuba. Havanese were developed from the Blanquito de la Habana - "little white dog of Havana" - which are now extinct. It is believed the Blanquito was cross-bred with other Bichon types, including the Poodle, to create the Havanese. They are believed to have been brought on ships along with the early colonists to Cuba and it is assumed that they were the dog of Tenerife, which is the common ancestor to all the Bichon family. The Spanish colonists in Cuba took a liking to the little dogs and kept them as companion pets in their homes. When Cubans fled to the United States during the revolution many left their dogs behind. However some made it to the United States and they were officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1996 and are now one of the fastest growing breeds of dogs in the club. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was named after King Charles I of Britain in the 1600s who was known to always have one or more of his beloved spaniels by his side. Queen Victoria also owned one but developed a variation of the breed which today is called the English Toy Spaniel in America and the King Charles Spaniel in the United Kingdom. They were small with short, flat faces and a domed skull. In 1926, Roswell Eldridge of America sought to redevelop the breed as King Charles knew it, but he passed away before he saw his desire reach fruition. It did come to be though, with the parentage of a dog called Ann’s Son, who became the breed standard for the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. This lineage was accepted by the American Kennel Club in 1996 in the Toy Group.

Cavanese Breed Appearance

The Cavanese are toy-sized dogs and the most common colors are fawn, tan, black, and white. They can be one color or bi or tricolored and their coats are short and soft and can have a wave or slight curl. The breed has a round head with a short muzzle and their ears tend to hang down. It will depend on the parent breeds who your pet most takes after but they are likely to have characteristics from both. The Cavanese’s tail can be stubby or longer and tapered and may curl. They have black noses and expressive eyes. Their legs are quite short but in proportion to their small bodies.

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Cavanese eyes
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
black Cavanese nose
Black
Coat Color Possibilities
fawn Cavanese coat
Fawn
pied Cavanese coat
Pied
brown Cavanese coat
Brown
black Cavanese coat
Black
white Cavanese coat
White
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Cavanese wavy coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Cavanese Breed Maintenance

The Cavanese will need a moderate amount of grooming to keep looking good. They should be brushed two or three times a week with a stiff bristled brush to remove loose hair and get rid of any mats and dirt. Brushing also stimulates the skin keeping the coat looking healthy. Depending on which parent breed your pet most takes after you may need to trim the fur. Longer haired dogs looking more like the Havanese may need their coats trimmed more often and brushed more regularly to get rid of any knots but if your dog takes after the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, you may just need to trim the feet. Try to brush your dog’s teeth daily and check ears for any dirt which can then be wiped gently with the moist ball of cotton wool, taking care to make sure moisture is not remaining in the ears.

Brushes for Cavanese
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Dematter
Scissors
Brushing Frequency
Cavanese requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Cavanese Temperament

Cavanese are smart, loyal dogs who make excellent pets and develop strong bonds with their families. They are energetic and playful dogs who get on well with children although being quite small, it is important for adults to make sure the dog isn’t handled too roughly by younger children to prevent injury. They don’t do well being left alone for long periods of time and can develop separation anxiety which can lead to excessive barking. The breed gets on well with other pets although has been known to chase cats. Early socialisation and training will be a good idea for your pet to prevent this. They are dogs that are easy to train and will respond well to rewards and positive reinforcement. Despite their size they do need a lot of exercise so daily walks will be a good idea as well as play sessions. This will prevent any bad behavior stemming from being bored. They are not regarded as good watchdogs.

Cavanese Activity Requirements

Despite their small stature, Cavanese are energetic dogs that need at least 30 minutes of exercise a day to maintain their fitness. They will love going for walks to the beach or the park and will also enjoy playing ball games in a fenced in yard. Your pet will be better behaved if exercised regularly as these breeds need mental stimulation to prevent getting bored. A Cavanese will be happy in a house or an apartment provided they are exercised regularly. They shouldn’t be left outside in the cold for too long. They tolerate warmer weather more than the cold.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
7 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
30 minutes

Cavanese Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1 cups
Daily Cost
$0.8 - $1
Monthly Cost
$20 - $30

Cavanese Owner Experiences

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