The Cavador is a combination of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a Labrador Retriever, the most popular breed in the United States. Labrador Retrievers are originally from the Canadian island of Newfoundland and were bred to retrieve game for hunters. They were originally known as St. John's Dogs and were bred in the 16th century. These dogs which were also known as the Lesser Newfoundland were used for retrieval and pulling in fishing nets from the water. Their temperament made them ideal family pets as well as accomplished sporting dogs. Very intelligent, the breed is often used as guide dogs and for search and rescue. Labradors nearly died out several times over the years and the St. John's dogs that Labs came from are now extinct in Newfoundland. They were brought to England in the 1820s as gundogs. Labrador Retrievers were recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1917. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was a favorite of the noble and wealthy, with owners such as King Charles I of Britain in the 1600s (hence the name of the breed). Documentation of the 1800s tells us of the Blenheim Spaniel, named after the Blenheim estate of the 1st Duke of Malborough, John Churchill. His spaniel was red and white, and was one of the variations of the Cavalier Kings Charles Spaniel. This storied breed went through many standard changes over the years, not all of them welcomed by the various spaniel clubs. Queen Victoria also owned a spaniel but developed a slightly different variation, now known as the English Toy Spaniel in America and the King Charles Spaniel in the United Kingdom. This breed was developed by mixing Cavaliers with the Pug and the Japanese Chin. The history of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is long and at times, considered confusing. The breed we know today, which yet again has different standards than what King Charles, John Churchill and Queen Victoria enjoyed, was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1996 in the Toy Group.