Russian Harlequin Hound

40-70 lbs
Anglo-Russian Hound, Russian Piebald Hound

The Russian Harlequin Hound is a rare breed of dog that is found almost exclusively in Russia. A blend of the Russian Hound and the English Foxhound, this scenthound is known for their ability at tracking game traditionally referred to as red game, such as fox and wolves. They tend to be friendly and outgoing with most everyone that they meet, both human and canine, but have a high prey drive and may not be safe around cats and other small animals. This breed is not well suited to living in an apartment due to their high activity levels and their vocal nature. 

purpose Purpose
history Date of Origin
ancestry Ancestry
English Foxhound, Russian Foxhound

Russian Harlequin Hound Health

Average Size
Male Russian Harlequin Hound size stats
Height: 22-27 inches Weight: 40-70 lbs
Female Russian Harlequin Hound size stats
Height: 22-27 inches Weight: 40-70 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Canine Hip Dysplasia (Chd)
  • Cancer
  • Gastric Dilation Volvulus (GDV) or Bloat
Minor Concerns
  • Congenital Heart Defect
  • Food Allergies
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Obesity
Occasional Tests
  • Chest X-rays
  • Skin Biopsy or Intradermal Tests for specific allergies
  • Hip and Elbow X-rays
  • Biopsies

Russian Harlequin Hound Breed History

In the eighteenth century, a hound indigenous to Russia began to develop naturally, but it wasn’t until around 1900 that selective breeding began in earnest, and the first breed standard for the Russian Hound was developed in 1925. Breeders then crossed the Russian Hound with English Foxhounds, sprinkling in a few French scenthounds as well. The result was the Russian Harlequin Hound, a slightly more square dog in appearance with tricolored patches on a white body. The bay of the Russian Harlequin Hound is much deeper and more melodic than that of a Russian Hound, and they frequently have black saddle markings. Until 1951 this new breed of hound was known as the Anglo-Russian Hound, but when it was accepted as a separate breed of its own, it became known as the Russian Harlequin Hound instead. This breed was well known, for not only their melodic voices but also for their speed and stamina when tracking their quarry. They were frequently used as Red Chase dogs meaning that they chased fox and wolves, traditionally referred to as red game, and they are rarely found outside of the Soviet Union. Breeders of the Russian Harlequin Hound are still in the process of improving both the type and uniformity of the breed and the breed is now sometimes seen at Soviet dog shows, and is considered equal in quality to the best Russian Hounds. The Russian Harlequin Hound was also used by William Dunker when he developed his namesake hound the Dunker, sometimes also known as the Norwegian Hound. 

Russian Harlequin Hound Breed Appearance

The Russian Harlequin Hound is a muscular, medium-sized dog that stands around twenty-four inches tall and weighs between 40 and 70 pounds, with a square build, long, straight legs and a strong tail that has a slightly curved or saber-like shape to it. They also tend to have a somewhat broad, square head with a straight, square muzzle, that always ends with a black nose. They have slightly pendulous lips, oval-shaped eyes, usually in a dark brown, and medium-sized, pendant shaped ears that are set high up on the head and hang down to the sides to frame the face. The distinctive short coat of the Russian Harlequin Hound is mostly white with tricolored markings on the head, face, back, and tail, and is typically quite dense; this coloration is particularly helpful when hunting with the Russian Harlequin Hound as it makes it much easier to differentiate the hunting dog from their quarry. 

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Russian Harlequin Hound eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Russian Harlequin Hound nose
Coat Color Possibilities
pied Russian Harlequin Hound coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
coat density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
coat texture
Russian Harlequin Hound straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Russian Harlequin Hound Breed Maintenance

This breed has fairly simple grooming requirements. Bathing should only be done on an occasional basis to avoid stripping the natural, protective oils from their coats and the Russian Harlequin Hound is more prone than some other breeds to skin allergies. Their coat sheds moderately and requires brushing once or twice a week. While the coat of this breed is short, it is also quite dense, which may make a slicker brush or grooming glove somewhat ineffective in removing the shed hairs. They also have long pendant ears, which should be checked regularly to ensure that they are clean, dry, and free from infection. 

Brushes for Russian Harlequin Hound
Pin Brush
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
fur daily fur weekly fur monthly
Russian Harlequin Hound requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Russian Harlequin Hound Temperament

This dog is typically friendly and playful with almost everyone that they meet, but are still gentle enough to be trusted around most children, although interactions between children and canines should always be well supervised. They are very loyal and people-oriented animals with a sharp mind who are very easy to train and respond particularly well to positive training techniques. These dogs are agile and active and can enjoy and even excel at many different dog sports. The Russian Harlequin Hound is usually amicable towards other dogs, but they are also hunting dogs, and they have a high prey drive, which may make them unsafe to have around smaller animals like cats unless they have grown up with them or were well socialized with them. They have a particularly melodic voice, which they enjoy using. This, combined with their high activity levels, makes them unsuited for apartment living. 

Russian Harlequin Hound Activity Requirements

The Russian Harlequin Hound is a very active dog, with a rather high prey drive. They generally require at least an hour or two of vigorous activity each day, and can often handle much more. Because of their high prey drive, they may have difficulty resisting the urge to chase smaller animals, so a leash should be utilized unless they are actively working. They are typically quite intelligent as well, so their minds must also be exercised each day. Puzzles and alternate forms of exercise that use the mind, such as rally sport, advanced obedience, and agility training, can be helpful in filling those requirements.  

Activity Level
low activity medium activity high activity
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
14 miles
walk mileage
Minutes of Activity Per Day
60 minutes
activity minutes

Russian Harlequin Hound Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
cup per day cost cup per day cost cup per day cost
Daily Cost
$1.20 - $1.40
food bowls daily cost
Monthly Cost
$34.00 - $45.00
food bag monthly cost

Russian Harlequin Hound Height & Weight

6 Months
Male Russian Harlequin Hound size stats at six months
Height: 21.0 inches Weight: 38.5 lbs
Female Russian Harlequin Hound size stats at six months
Height: 21.0 inches Weight: 38.5 lbs
12 Months
Male Russian Harlequin Hound size stats at 12 months
Height: 23.5 inches Weight: 49.5 lbs
Female Russian Harlequin Hound size stats at 12 months
Height: 23.5 inches Weight: 49.5 lbs
18 Months
Male Russian Harlequin Hound size stats at 18 months
Height: 24.5 inches Weight: 55.0 lbs
Female Russian Harlequin Hound size stats at 18 months
Height: 24.5 inches Weight: 55.0 lbs

Russian Harlequin Hound Owner Experiences

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