Central Asian Shepherd

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88-143 lbs
Central Asian Republics of the Former USSR
Central Asian Ovtcharka, Middle Asian Ovtcharka, Mid-Asian Shepherd
An ancient breed thought to date back about 4000 years, the Central Asian shepherd (or CAS) is believed to be a descendent of the Tibetan Mastiff. However, there is not much documentation about this breed, which is found most often in places like Russia, Iran, Afghanistan and Siberia.
Flock, estate, personal, and livestock guardians.
Date of Origin
Ancient times

Central Asian Shepherd Health

Average Size
Height: 27-32 inches Weight: 121-176 lbs
Height: 24-27 inches Weight: 88-143 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Hip And Elbow Dysplasia
Minor Concerns
  • Bloat
Occasional Tests
  • Hip
  • Elbow

Central Asian Shepherd Breed History

The CAS is an independent dog that was originally used to protect flocks and nomadic shepherds. Some think that a breed similar to the CAS escorted the Mongols during their invasion of eastern and central Europe. Although very rarely found in the United States, it is beginning to be bred more in America. The Central Asian shepherd is usually seen only in the Central Asian Republic, but its popularity is also declining in Russia.

Central Asian Shepherd Breed Appearance

A large, muscular dog thought to have descended from a Mastiff-type breed, the Central Asian shepherd has a body that is slightly longer than it is tall. The bones of this breed are big and strong, and the dog has a wide, strong back and large chest. The front legs have powerful shoulders, and the hind legs have muscular thighs. In some countries the tail is docked and the ears are cropped. This breed features a dense coat that is found in two different types: long and short. The coat color can be one of many colors.

Central Asian Shepherd Breed Maintenance

Minimal grooming is necessary to keep the coat of the CAS in order. This breed typically sheds quite heavily in the spring, at which time extra brushing or combing is required in order to remove dead hairs and prevent matting. During the remainder of the year, this breed is considered to be a light shedder. Exercise is very important, as is a job to perform. This breed must have a large, securely-fenced yard. It will not do well in apartments, and if the living space is too small, the CAS may resort to digging and chewing. It will adapt to living indoors, but it prefers to be outside guarding the family home.

Central Asian Shepherd Breed Activity Requirements

Best described as calm and fearless, the CAS is an independent dog that makes for a great family guardian. When challenged, this dog will stand its ground, but this breed is generally very good with the entire family. Some suggest that supervision is in order when the dog is around small children. This breed may dominate other dogs outside the home, and it is generally suspicious of strangers. This breed is prone to barking at night. It is important to socialize this breed from the beginning, and if well socialized, it will get along with other family pets such as cats, other non-threatening dogs, and other non- canine animals. The CAS must have a strong owner.