The Golden Cavalier is hybrid of two sweet companion dogs, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and the Golden Retriever. The hybrid is a modern dog with little documentation over the last decade or so of intentional breeding. Owners interested in understanding the potential characteristics and traits of the Golden Cavalier will have to look at the parent breeds for insight. Golden Retrievers are well known for their excellent companionship and sweet natures. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed needs lots of human attention and makes for an excellent lap dog. The Golden Retriever was developed in Scotland in the later part of the 19th Century as a hunting and retrieving dog for waterfowl. The goal of the breeding program was to create a breed that was unmatched in the field but gentle, calm, and loyal indoors. This was achieved by crossbreeding a Wavy-Coated Retriever with a now extinct Tweed Water Spaniel. Only Golden-colored dogs were chosen from subsequent litters for the breeding program, and by the late early 20th, the Golden Retriever was recognized as a breed in England. The American Kennel Club recognized the Golden Retriever in 1925, and the breed has enjoyed many years as a top choice for families. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a colorful, yet private history and was recreated in the 19th Century. The ancestor or the Cavalier is the English Toy Spaniel, which resembles modern day Cavalier standards. The English Toy Spaniel was a favorite of Queen Mary of Scots and her family. Her grandson, King Charles and great-grandson son, King Charles the II also kept the dogs, which borrow their names from those 15th Century rulers. However, the English Toy Spaniel soon afterward lost popularity to the Pug and other short-muzzled, flat-headed breeds. The English Toy Spaniel was crossbred with many of these other dogs throughout history, which changed the appearance of the dog. By the mid-19th Century, the King Charles Spaniel was accepted as having a flat head and face and the English Toy Spaniels from earlier centuries were almost extinct. However, in the 1920s, an American started searching England for a pair that resembled the English Toy Spaniels of King Charles. Luckily, a pair was found, and a new breeding program was established to restore the Cavalier King Charles. In 1954, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club was established, and the club chose not promote the breed out of fear of poor breeding practices that would not honor the standards. The American Kennel Club asked the CKCSC to be the parent club for the Cavalier breed in 1992, but the club declined out of the same desire to maintain the high standard. A secondary parent club, established in 1995, allowed the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel to gain full recognition with the American Kennel Club.