Miniature Pinscher

8-10 lbs
10-12"
Germany
Reh pinscher, Zwergpinscher, Min Pin

The Miniature Pinscher is not a small version of the Doberman Pinscher, though this pint-sized breed is almost a miniature replica of the larger dogs. In fact, the Miniature Pinscher pre-dates the Doberman. Affectionately called the Min Pin for short, they are descendant of the German Pinscher family and may have Italian Greyhound and Dachshund breed ancestry as well. This breed has been formally documented in the last 200 years only, so the ancestral origins of the Min Pin are widely debated.  However, this regal breed has been seen gracing Renaissance paintings, and relics of their existence have shown up in artifacts 2000 years old. 

Purpose
Ratting
Date of Origin
1600s
Ancestry
Italian Greyhound, Dachshund, Pinscher

Miniature Pinscher Health

Sketch of Miniature Pinscher
Average Size
Male Miniature Pinscher size stats
Height: 10-12 inches Weight: 8-10 lbs
Female Miniature Pinscher size stats
Height: 10-12 inches Weight: 8-10 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
  • Skeletal Deformities
Minor Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Cataracts
  • Mitral Valve Disease
  • Corneal Dystrophy
Occasional Tests
  • Knee
  • Heart
  • Hips
  • X-Rays
  • Eye Examination
  • Physical Examination

Miniature Pinscher Breed History

The Miniature Pinscher is not to be confused with the large Doberman Pinscher breed, although the Min Pin looks like a shrunken replica.  The Doberman is a younger breed than this one. Unfortunately, the Min Pin’s ancestry is under debate.  Most people can agree this breed is very old, dating to possibly 2,000 years ago, but detailed accounts of this breed were only kept starting in the 19th century.  Most believe they hail from the German Pinscher family, Pinscher being the German term for used for biter or terrier. Some people have also suggested the Italian Greyhound and the Dachshund influenced breed development. The red coat variety of the dog was nicknamed the Reh Pinscher for their similarity to small red deer living in Germany at the time. By the late 1800s, development of the canine was underway and the Pinscher Klub was formed in Germany; the association was later renamed the Pinscher-Schnauzer Klub.  By 1900, the Min Pin was being shown at the Stuttgart Dog Show in Germany.  Only a short 19 years later, they arrived in the United States where they gained popularity.  By 1929, the Miniature Pinscher Club of America was formed and the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club the same year. Originally, this breed was used to help control the rat populations just like a Manchester Terrier, but now the Min Pin is considered a wonderful companion dog.  Today, this small package breed with their regal look and stout heart has earned the nickname “King of Toys”. 

Miniature Pinscher Breed Appearance

A structurally well-balanced dog full of poise and grace, the Miniature Pinscher has fearless animation, high spirit, and self-possession.  Their head is tapered and narrow with slightly oval-shaped dark eyes.  The Min Pin’s ears are set high on the head and stand erect from the base.  The muzzle is strong, not delicate and ends in a black nose except for those with chocolate coats, whose noses are self-colored.  The Min Pin’s lips are tight, the cheeks are small, and the bite is scissor.  The Miniature Pinscher’s shoulders are clean and moderately angled with elbows set close to the body.  As viewed from the front, their forelegs are straight and strong with small, catlike toes.  The hind legs are straight and well-angled with well-muscled thighs.  Like the front feet, the back feet are small with well-arched, catlike toes.  The Min Pin’s tail is usually cropped in proportion to the dog and stands above back level.  They can come in a variety of colors but are most often seen in red or black with defined rust-colored markings on the face and chest.

Appearance of Miniature Pinscher
Eye Color Possibilities
brown Miniature Pinscher eyes
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
black Miniature Pinscher nose
Black
brown Miniature Pinscher nose
Brown
Coat Color Possibilities
brindle Miniature Pinscher coat
Brindle
sable Miniature Pinscher coat
Sable
black Miniature Pinscher coat
Black
brown Miniature Pinscher coat
Brown
red Miniature Pinscher coat
Red
cream Miniature Pinscher coat
Cream
isabella Miniature Pinscher coat
Isabella
fawn Miniature Pinscher coat
Fawn
blue Miniature Pinscher coat
Blue
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Miniature Pinscher straight coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Miniature Pinscher Breed Maintenance

The Miniature Pinscher has a short, thin coat that makes maintaining them a breeze.  Light brushing once a week is sufficient for keeping a shiny, well-groomed coat.  It is not recommended to bathe or shampoo your little companion unnecessarily. Bathing can dry out this breed’s skin and lead to unhealthy skin conditions. Many Min Pin owners use a wet washcloth to bathe their dog when necessary. You should start at the head, removing any dirt from under the eyes, and move your way back towards the tail.  Teeth cleaning and toe-nail clipping are also suggested to keep your Min Pin feeling and looking healthy. The Miniature Pinscher is a playful dog with a lot of energy, so this breed needs plenty of exercise to burn up the excess energy.  They do not do well on their own and need human interaction and play time.  The Min Pin’s short, thin coat does not make this breed ideal for colder climates, and they don't tolerate overly hot climates either.  Temperate zones are the ideal climate for a Min Pin and this dog, though extremely playful, adapts well to apartment and city living. When it comes to feeding your dog, this breed is a toy size and requires ½ to 1 cup of dry food divided into two meals daily.  However, the amount of food you feed your furry buddy will depend on their activity level, age, and metabolism.  Monitoring your dog’s nutritional health and adjusting amounts as needed will ensure you keep your Min Pin healthy.

Brushes for Miniature Pinscher
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Miniature Pinscher requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Miniature Pinscher Temperament

The Miniature Pinscher is not just called the “King of Toys” for their regal look.  This pint-sized breed has a strong pack-leader mentality, and novice dog owners may find themselves being ruled by a small, playful monarch.  Early and frequent training and socialization will help train your pup to respond to your leadership. They are a family-oriented dog that loves children.  However, as a small dog, spending unsupervised time with young children may not be wise.  Always guard your children and your dog from accidents with proper supervision.  Though this breed is very affectionate with their family, the Miniature Pinscher is shy around strangers and not overly friendly with other dogs and or cats.  If you intend on keeping other dogs, you must socialize your pup at an early age to prevent any negative behavior towards other pets. With high energy levels and a spirited countenance, they need a lot of exercise and a chance to run around.  Training your Min Pin can be frustrating because they only respond moderately well. With time, consistency, and patience, this breed can be a loyal, fun companion for the family.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
6 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
30 minutes

Miniature Pinscher Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1 cups
Daily Cost
$0.80 - $1.00
Monthly Cost
$20.00 - $30.00

Miniature Pinscher Height & Weight

6 Months
Sketch of Miniature Pinscher at six months
Male Miniature Pinscher size stats at six months
Height: 7 inches Weight: 4 lbs
Female Miniature Pinscher size stats at six months
Height: 7 inches Weight: 4 lbs
12 Months
Sketch of Miniature Pinscher at 12 months
Male Miniature Pinscher size stats at 12 months
Height: 9 inches Weight: 7 lbs
Female Miniature Pinscher size stats at 12 months
Height: 9 inches Weight: 7 lbs
18 Months
Sketch of Miniature Pinscher at 18 months
Male Miniature Pinscher size stats at 18 months
Height: 11 inches Weight: 9 lbs
Female Miniature Pinscher size stats at 18 months
Height: 11 inches Weight: 9 lbs

Miniature Pinscher Owner Experiences

Ollie
2 Years
7 People
House & Yard
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
I honestly love min pins my mom had one before me. Sadly she escaped and we never seen her again. About two years ago my mom brought home a min pin and, I fell in love. My mother got me her for a early graduation gift. She’s so adorable and kind. She can get crazy when she sees a dog behind a fence when walking around the block. But when we’re on a hike and she sees another dog she isn’t as crazy and pulling. I love her and my other dogs. Miniature pinscher are amazing! Though she can be stubborn at times She only knows how to sit.
1 week, 1 day ago
Peanut
11 Years
5 People
House & Yard
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Cuddling
my experience was great best dog ever but however she had lots of health problems so sadly we put her down today but they are the best dogs ever!!!!!!!!
12 months ago
Ruger
4 Years
2 People
Apartment
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Miniature Pinschers are VERY difficult to train. Ruger has a one track mind, especially once he is outside. Some days are better than others. About once a month he goes on a chewing spree and destroys flip flops, chapsticks, underwear. Anything within his reach. He loves taking things out of the garbage and has a weird obsession with eating paper towels. As difficult as it is to own a MinPin, I wouldn't trade him for anything. He is SO cute and affectionate and has such a huge personality! He loves us so much and sometimes you'll catch him just staring at you lovingly.
1 year ago
Shon
5 Months
4 People
Apartment
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
1st dog, bought for 11 yo kid
1 year, 1 month ago
Tiny
6 Years
2 People
House & Yard
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Tiny doesn't get along very well with other dogs barks at strangers loves his owners. He was very hard to train and he loves to tear up doggie beds!
1 year, 7 months ago
7 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Sniffing
Walking
A little standoffish, but very sweet. She was shy at first and wary of other dogs, but she warmed up to me after I got her leash on and got walking! They definitely know their people and are comfortable with their brood. A little nervous around strangers and are natural protectors!!
1 year, 7 months ago
2 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Brando is one of my favorite dogs. He’s super friendly and very easy to walk with. He’s very cute and full of energy.
1 year, 8 months ago
6 Months
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Dog Parks
Walks
Runs
The miniature pinscher I had was sweet and extremely playful. He loved to cuddle in between me and my boyfriend. He liked to bite our hands playfully so had to make sure he knew to play with his toys. He listens well and loved to run in the dog park
1 year, 8 months ago
8 Years
People
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Walk
Rest
Min Pins are companion dogs and take a while to warm up to people outside their family. Archer gets anxious too far from home, but gentle voices and treats and pets helped him. He is not high energy, but keeps a good pace on walks. He'd rather be home having a snooze thought :)
1 year, 8 months ago
Molly
18 Months
2 People
Condo
Health
Grooming
Friendliness
Energy
Trainability
Pastimes
Hunt
Play
Hike
Walk
Molly has been in my life since six weeks of age. She is a bundle of joy. I’ve always had large dogs in the past and she is my first toy breed. I wouldn’t trade her for anything. She’s my baby and spoiled rotten. She loves walking and hiking in the mountains as well as digging up worms and mice. She was bit by a large dog when about 5 months old and now tends to nip at large dogs when they approach her. The owners think she “feisty” but she’s frightened and runs to Mommy for comfort. She’s very loving towards cats and kittens oddly enough. She’s been a wet nurse to my daughters kitten without having a litter of her own.
1 year, 10 months ago
Book me a walkiee?
Pweeeze!
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd