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10-25 lbs
Europe, United States
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Cocker Spaniel
Cockalier Spaniel

The Cockalier is a gentle natured small dog that shows a strong desire to please their owners. Attractive to look at, they make an ideal family dog who relates well to children and other pets. They are intelligent dogs who are easy to train as they love to please, and respond well to kind instructions and lots of praise and pats along the way. These dogs are usually easy to housetrain. They make loyal and devoted pets and don’t seem to have an aggressive bone in their body. They may bark on the arrival of strangers, but it is a warning only – rarely do they get aggressive. The Cockalier will love to play or go for a walk, but they still retain the instincts of the hunt so keep them on a leash, or they may take off after birds or small animals.

Companion dog
Date of Origin
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Cocker Spaniel

Cockalier Health

Average Size
Male Cockalier size stats
Height: 12-15 inches Weight: 12-28 lbs
Female Cockalier size stats
Height: 12-14 inches Weight: 10-25 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Syringomyelia
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
  • Canine Glaucoma
Minor Concerns
  • Cherry Eye
  • Otitis Interna and Media
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Patellar Luxation
Occasional Tests
  • X-Rays
  • MRI
  • Blood Tests
  • Ocular Tests
  • Full Body Physical Examination
  • Urine and Stool Analysis

Cockalier Breed History

It will take a while before the Cockalier has a unique history of its own due to its relative new appearance as a breed and its rarity. The best way to see what the Cockalier has to offer is to look at the parent breeds. The Cocker Spaniel dates to the 14th Century and originates from the English Cocker Spaniels which were brought to the United States of America. They were bred down in size to the dog we know today. The Cocker Spaniel is a hunting gun-dog that was excellent at working in difficult terrain in both wet and dry land. They were great at flushing out game and then retrieving it with a gentle mouth. They are good at listening to commands. The name Cocker comes from the woodcock – a game bird the dogs where known for flushing out. The American Cocker Spaniel was first recognised by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1873. The origin of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a royal history as its names indicate. King Charles II was particularly fond of them. They descended from the King Charles Spaniel. In the late 1600s, the King Charles Spaniel was interbred with the pug dog that produced a dog with a flatter face. It was in the 1920s when breeders began to breed back the longer nose dog that was like the ones in the famous paintings of King Charles II which was then given the Cavalier name to distinguish it from the King Charles Spaniel. The AKC recognised this breed in 1940. The Cockalier has an interesting history behind it, which only makes it more appealing and delightful.

Cockalier Breed Appearance

The Cockalier can vary in appearance depending on how predominant the individual parent dog genes are. For the most part, your Cockalier will tend to have short legs and a stocky build similar to the Cocker Spaniel. The head is rounded on the skull, and they have a long muzzle in proportion to their head. They have a cleanly chiselled and refined head, with large round, expressive eyes. Ears are long and fluffy or feathered. They come in a multitude of color options and overall, they present a well-proportioned dog for their size with a sweet and loving disposition.

Eye Color Possibilities
brown Cockalier eyes
Nose Color Possibilities
black Cockalier nose
Coat Color Possibilities
black Cockalier coat
red Cockalier coat
white Cockalier coat
brown Cockalier coat
white Cockalier coat
sable Cockalier coat
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Cockalier curly coat texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Cockalier Breed Maintenance

The coat of the Cockalier will vary depending on whether it is more like its Cavalier King Charles Spaniel parent or whether it takes after its Cocker Spaniel parent. They usually have a coat that ranges between the fine soft Cavalier coat or the curlier Cocker Spaniel. They do need regular brushing to ensure their fur doesn’t get matted, but once or twice a week with a firm bristle brush is fine. The Cockalier will love the attention of the grooming session, so take the opportunity to also wipe out inside the ears, check around the eyes, and to brush their teeth to keep them healthy. Their nails may need clipping especially if they are mostly indoors – you will soon know when you hear them ‘clicking’ around the house.

Brushes for Cockalier
Pin Brush
Slicker Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Cockalier requires weekly brushing
Daily Weekly Monthly

Cockalier Temperament

The Cockalier is a dog breed that is well known for its easy-going ways and sweet temperament. They are intelligent dogs and eager to please, so they do well in training. The Cockalier is a quick learner, and their strong desire to please their owners makes training a breeze. These dogs get along with other pets in the home, and they make good family pets. They are very tolerant of the antics of young children, and usually, never display any signs of aggression. The Cockalier is a loyal, devoted and very loving dog who enjoys being part of family life. They are just as content to curl up on your lap for a good belly rub and soak in all the attention they can garner, as they are enthusiastic to join in when a game is offered. While they will bark to let you know when someone is on the property, they will most likely lick them joyfully, rather than show aggression.

Cockalier Activity Requirements

The Cockalier does need to get outside and run about to burn off a little energy and to check out all the interesting things in their secure yard. If you are taking them for a walk, make sure you keep them on a leash unless the area is secure. Otherwise, they may take off after any small game that they can smell. Their instinct is still strong to hunt, so it is best to be aware of it. The Cockalier is equally at home in an apartment as it is a house, but it does need to get out and about each day. They adapt well to town or country areas and enjoy a moderate climate.

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
9 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
75 minutes

Cockalier Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
1 cups
Daily Cost
$0.8 - $1
Monthly Cost
$25 - $30

Cockalier Owner Experiences

Maizie Blue
Nine Years
3 People
House & Yard
We have had Maizie since March 2009. She was 9 weeks old. She is a very friendly dog who is also a foodie. She loves to go for walks and when she is in a safe place she loves to run free. She believes she is a great hunter. Always looks around to see if their are critters to chase or she has her nose to the ground picking up interesting scents.
1 month, 1 week ago
3 Years
3 People
sit and roll
I had never seen this breed until we came across the advert for these puppies. Harry came home, got in his bed and never made a sound. He was very quickly house trained and is very mild mannered. I can leave him alone, with family, with friends, he is so adaptable it is unbelievable. He is very much a working dog out in the field, but he loves nothing more than sitting on your lap and being rubbed, much like the Cavalier King Charles.
2 months, 1 week ago
3 Months
3 People
This is our first time having a dog and we are so glad we chose to include the Cockalier breed into our family. Rupert has brought so much happiness to our lives. He has been so easy to train and responds well to learning new things. He is friendly, affectionate and always excited to make new friends on his beach walks. He is so well mannered and delightful, we couldn't be happier!
3 months, 2 weeks ago
24 Months
2 People
Walking, playing with his toys
Walking, playing with his toys.
I had a Cavalier King Charles spaniel for 12 years before she passed away. Loved this breed! We found this Cockerspaniel/Cavalier King Charles breed up for rescue. We rescued him and he is 2 yrs old. He is very lively and lovable! He has the color of the brown and white cavalier, but looks like a cockerspaniel.We love him and he has his forever home with us!
3 months, 4 weeks ago
Book me a walkiee?
Sketch of smiling australian shepherd