Clostridium perfringens Average Cost

From 588 quotes ranging from $200 - 500

Average Cost

$250

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What are Clostridium perfringens?

Clostridium perfringens enterotoxicosis in cats is a complex syndrome that causes spontaneous diarrhea in felines. Experts estimate that nearly 15-20 percent of all feline diarrhea cases are Clostridium perfringens related. Clostridium perfringens is a bacterial infection of the intestines with which most cats develop long-term clinical symptoms of diarrhea and clinical signs associated with gastrointestinal disease. Any cat can be affected the bacteria, but Clostridium perfringens is poorly understood, leaving veterinarians unaware of the exact cause for the bacterial overgrowth. Cat owners will notice spontaneous diarrhea lasting from a couple days to a few weeks, which leads to life-threatening dehydration that must be addressed by a veterinary professional. 

Symptoms of Clostridium perfringens in Cats

Clinical cases of Clostridium perfringens in cats is associated with acute diarrhea lasting for about five to seven days. Chronic cases of Clostridium perfringens in cats, however, is characterized by intermittent episodes of diarrhea recurring about every four to six weeks. A chronic case of this intestinal disease could persist over a month’s time or several years. Common symptoms of a cat affected by Clostridium perfringens includes: 

  • Acute hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (intestinal inflammation paired with blood in the stomach) 
  • Mucus-covered stools 
  • Bright red blood covered stools 
  • Watery stools 
  • Tenesmus (straining to defecate) 
  • Hematochezia (blood upon the passage of a bowel movement) 
  • Flatulence (passing gas) 
  • Vomiting 
  • Abdominal discomfort  

Causes of Clostridium perfringens in Cats

It is unclear whether Clostridium perfringens is a healthy bacterium normally found within the intestine of the feline, which simply overgrows due to certain conditions, or Clostridium perfringens is an infectious bacteria. Researchers have found the Clostridium perfringens widely distributed within the soil, but it is unknown whether the bacteria thrives in the environment or was shed through mammalian feces. Veterinarians have been able to link the bacterial infection to certain conditions, such as stress, which brings experts to believe  Clostridium perfringens is an opportunistic pathogen. A pathogen that is characterized as an opportunistic pathogen does not cause harm to a healthy feline, but can inflict harm if the feline’s immune system becomes unbalanced. 

Diagnosis of Clostridium perfringens in Cats

Your veterinarian will begin the diagnostic process with a review of your cat’ medical history and a physical examination. In the case of Clostridium perfringens, your feline may appear to have abdominal discomfort upon palpation of the abdomen during the physical examination. The symptoms associated with Clostridium perfringens are rather vague as, intestinal complications can be the clinical sign for a variety of underlying causes. Therefore, your veterinarian will likely discuss any changes in your cat’s diet as well as run a fecal examination to detect the presence of internal parasites. A fecal examination proves ineffective for detecting Clostridium perfringens as only the enterotoxins produced by Clostridium are a true diagnosis of this bacterial infection. Your veterinarian will likely conduct a cell cytology assay and ELISA test on the feline’s blood samples, combined with an anaerobic culture. A PCR test which is used to distinguish strains of non-toxigenic agents from toxigenic strains may also be completed. 

Treatment of Clostridium perfringens in Cats

The majority of feline patients diagnosed with Clostridium perfringens are treated as outpatients, but if the feline’s diarrhea has caused severe dehydration, a short hospitalization period may be required to supplement with fluid therapy. All activities will be restricted during your cat’s recovery time and a diet high in fiber will likely be advised. High fiber diets reduce the number of Clostridial bacteria, while acidifying the inner intestine, which will reduce the growth of intestinal bacteria. An antibiotic medication may not be necessary, but chronic cases of Clostridium perfringens in cats may be prescribed antibiotic therapy. 

Recovery of Clostridium perfringens in Cats

The majority of felines respond very well to therapy against Clostridium perfringens, but chronic cases may require long-term control of bacterial growth. Your cat will likely remain on a high fiber diet unless the feline remains stable without dietary changes. A clean and stress-free environment can help to prevent Clostridium perfringens from recurring or overgrowing to a point of causing intestinal disease. 

Clostridium perfringens Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

ray
Mix
1 Year
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Diarrhea

Medication Used

metronidazole

Our rescue cat got diagnosed with Clostridium. He has finally finished all of this probiotic and still have a little left of his metronidazole. However, he smells of raw sewage so horribly we can't stand to have him in the house anymore!!!! Is there something else going on? He literally smells like raw sewage. It has been six days since he was at the vet! It is the most awful smell in the entire world! He is eating and drinking regularly. Litter box is cleaned twice daily and arm and hammer is in it. The litter is also changed every three days. His poop is getting a little more firm than it was. I really think something else is going on, the entire and i mean entire house smells of this sewage smell. He has been in one room all alone and I let him out tonight for the first time since monday (vet said to make sure he didn't come in contact with my toddler).

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Tiggy
domestic short hair
6 Months
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Diarrhea

Medication Used

Amoxicillin

Can Clostridium perfringens be passed on to humans? If so how do I keep my family safe from getting it?

We just adopted a new kitten from a rescue and he had diarrhea on and off and then started having it multiple times a day, Vet says its Clostridium perfringens.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3317 Recommendations
Clostridium perfringens is a bacteria which is commonly found in nature including the gastrointestinal tract of healthy humans (it all depends on the strain); it is one of those bacteria which may not do anything or may cause severe illness. Generally keeping good hygiene (cleaning litter tray regularly), wiping around the anus after defecation and washing your hands after petting is all it needs. If there was a severe risk of infection your Veterinarian would have informed you but common sense goes a long way. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Tigger, Grey, Stone, & Kyra
Domestic shorthair
4 Months
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Diarrhea
Gas
Vomiting
Gas in multiple cats

I have several of my cats with gas, one has diarrhea, and the other vomited.
Tigger our oldest had Chronic gas and we brought her to the vet who prescribed her an antibiotic (I think it was an amoxicillin strain). It didn’t help so he prescribed her another Antibiotic called metronidazole. This helped for a while but now we have other 3 cats with gas issues. Could this bacteria be the cause of it?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3317 Recommendations
It is possible that all four kittens have picked up the same infection, kittens are prone to picking up infections due to an underdeveloped immune system; Clostridium perfringens among other infections may cause similar symptoms, it may be worth having a stool sample taken for culture and sensitivity testing. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Rocky
DOMESTIC
1 Year
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

soft stools

Are cats able to transmit Clostridium perfringens to other cats in the home by using the same litter Boxes? What is the best way to disinfect the litter boxes during and after their course of antibiotics to prevent reinfection?
I have 3 cats, one recently adopted in Dec who has known C-Perf. All cats have with soft stools and have been put on a 14 day course of metronidazole.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3317 Recommendations
Cats can be asymptomatic carriers of Clostridium perfringens and symptoms may display after a dietary change, stress among other factors; however, cats may become infected from sharing litter trays etc… You should clean out the litter tray after each defecation and disinfect the tray and change litter as often as possible; I would leave a small quantity of litter in the tray and replace, repeat. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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A
Domestic shorthair
5 Years
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Diarrhea
Flatulence

Medication Used

probiotic
slippery elm bark
metronidazole
Tylosin

I have two 5 y/o cats (litter mates) who started having loose stools in May. They were first prescribed Metronidazol for a week and it seemed to help a bit, but then loose stools came back. They were put back on metro but it was discontinued after 3 days as it didn't seem to help. One of the kitties improved, but the other didn't so he had fecal PCR panel and came back positive for CPA and CPE (all else was negative). He was then put on Tylan for two weeks and PCR came back negative for CPA/CPE (and all else). The other kitty was also put on Tylan a week after bc her stool got softer as well. Her PCR was slightly positive for CPE (but not medically significant). However, their stools remained soft. Because it wasn't forming their stools, the vet took them off of Tylan, but I just redid their PCR and both are now significantly increased for CPA/CPE. We are now on BOTH metronidazol and tylan! The vet is saying that loose stools are due to the IBD. What are your thoughts? Is that definitely the case or could it be that they have loose stools bc their food intake (calories AND type of food) were drastically changed over a super short period of time in May and changes continued to be made every couple of weeks. What are the chances that loose stools will resolve once food is fully stabilized?

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1607 Recommendations
It is possible that the food changes are making recovery from the bacterial overgrowth much worse. If you are able to feed them both a gastrointestinal diet for a month or two (there are prescription diets available from your veterinarian), and continue treatment, you may be able to allow the intestines to heal sufficiently to overcome the infection. Continuing the probiotics should help as well.

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Gus
Ragdoll
6 Months
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Diarrhea
Flatulence
Loose stools

Medication Used

metronidazole

My 6 month old Ragdoll has had stomach issues ever since we brought her home. Initial tests showed coccidia. This was treated with sulfatrim. Her symptoms improved slightly, but she was put on stomorgyl for 10 days as her stools were still loose. We have been giving her a probiotic throughout this period. A second round of tests were positive for cryptosporidium and clostridium. Vets have now put her on a hydrolyzed diet and metronidazole, which has given her explosive diarrhea! Their recommendation was to just keep giving her the full 10 day course of metronidazole. I'm really not happy with this as it has made her stomach much much worse. What other options are there?

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Nacho
eu
10 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Pancreatitis
Diarrhea
liver problem
letargy

Hello,

I have two cats. One is 10 months old and the other one is 10 years old. They have been having diarrhea on and off for some time. They simultaneously get it and then simultaneously get better.
A few days ago my older cat got very lethargic and both my cats got diarrhea. Older one only gets up to eat and poop ( diarrhea 8 times a day). He has appetite. He prefers to lay on cold surfaces. I brought him to the local vet for blood tests. Turned our the results show problem with liver, pancreas and little bit with the kidneys. Vet administered and injection. Now I give both my cats digestive foo and probiotic. Vet doesn't seem to know where the problem is. I think that maybe it's something both cats share, but I don't know what. Yesterday my older cat's poop was dark green, today their both poops are between orange brown and greenish. Please help me figure out what is wrong with my cats :(

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3317 Recommendations
The colour of the faeces can be related to liver issues and the speed of gastrointestinal transit, however it is possible that flare ups of diarrhoea and digestive issues may be related to infections, parasites, diet, treats, environmental sources among other causes. Without knowing the specific findings your Veterinarian found on the blood tests (what did they indicate specifically) I cannot make any specific recommendation. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Ferdinand
Excotic short hair
7 month
Mild condition
1 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Soft stool

What antibiotics would I give my cat for clostridium perfringens in the gut he has been diagnosed by a vet and been given a course of antibiotics at the time his stools are formed but very soft I was thinking of giving him another course to see if that would help or have you any advice thank you

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3317 Recommendations

Generally an infection of Clostridium perfringens (I assume all tests for toxins etc have been carried out) would be treated for fourteen days using an antibiotic like amoxicillin or metronidazole; remember that you need to complete the course of treatment but results should be seen within a few days. If you suspect that the infection hasn’t been adequately treated it would be best to have culture and sensitivity testing done to find the best specific antibiotic to treat the infection with, rather than blindly treating with different antibiotics until the infection has gone. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Thinking of adopting her
Persian
2 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Clostridium perfringens

Can Clostridium perfringens be passed on to dogs? I have two jack-a-poos & a 6 year old child and have just lost our much loved & much missed little girl cat Bobby at 17 years old to stomach tubers.

Read more at: https://wagwalking.com/cat/condition/clostridium-perfringens

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3317 Recommendations
Clostridium perfringens is commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract of healthy asymptomatic dogs, the problem arises when there is a bacterial overgrowth which may lead to symptoms. So dogs can definitely pick up Clostridium perfringens but normally do so when licking or eating something outside, but generally isn’t an issue. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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