Lack of Bladder Control Average Cost

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Average Cost

$500

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What is Lack of Bladder Control?

Lack of bladder control is referred to as urinary incontinence in and is a term used to describe a portion of the lower urinary system failing to operate adequately. The urinary system is controlled by nerve receptors, smooth muscles, and pressure from inside the bladder. When the urinary system is compromised by an infection, bladder stone, mass, or hormones, the feline will strain to control urinary leakage. The feline will often urinate at inappropriate times and the skin around the elimination organs will develop a rash from the highly acidic urine soaking his/her fur. Lack of bladder control in cats can be frustrating for cat owners, but more importantly, will cause your cat a great deal of distress and must be addressed by a veterinary professional. 

If your cat is having a difficult time making it to the litter box, dribbles urine, or leaves puddles around the home, she could be suffering from lack of bladder control. Lack of bladder control in cats is a medical condition resulting from underlying issues that are causing the feline to lose control of her bladder muscles. The bladder is a hollow organ that stores filtered waste until it has reached full capacity. Once the bladder is full, the muscle contracts, sending messages to the brain, which gives the cat the “urge” to urinate. In a cat with a healthy bladder, the feline can control the sphincter muscles until the appropriate time and location. However, elderly cats, cats that have given birth, and those with underlying disease or infection, may no longer have full control of these muscles. 

Symptoms of Lack of Bladder Control in Cats

The first signs of lack of bladder control a cat owner will notice are puddles of urine on the carpet, furniture and around the home. A pet owner may first believe lack of bladder control to be a behavioral problem, known as periuria. Periuria is a feline behavioral disorder that the cat controls, whereas urinary incontinence is uncontrollable, with symptoms including: 

  • Wet fur surrounding the vulva or penis
  • Rash or inflamed skin around the external urinary organs
  • Damp fur along the feline’s underbelly and legs
  • Involuntary dribbling of urine
  • Urinating at inappropriate times
  • Puddles of urine around the home and in the cat bed

Types 

There are several types of lack of bladder control in cats. 

Paradoxical Incontinence

Lack of bladder control is caused by an obstruction of the urethra, preventing urine to be voided from the body. Paradoxical incontinence is commonly caused by bladder stones and reflex dyssynergia.  

Overflow Incontinence

Lack of bladder control is caused by impaired muscle function and a disorder of the lower bladder neurons. The bladder literally overflows with urine because the neurons fail to signal the brain and pressure in the bladder becomes too great for the sphincter muscle. Overflow incontinence is usually caused by neurological problems or illness.

Urethral Sphincter Incompetence

Lack of bladder control is caused by the weakening of the urethra. The sphincter muscle that holds urine until the bladder is completely full has become weak and now leaks urine when resting, or upon abdominal pressure or coughing. Urethral sphincter incompetence is a common problem for felines that have given birth, are pregnant, or have reached a mature age. 

Urge Incontinence

Lack of bladder control is caused by continuous contractions of the smooth muscles surrounding the bladder. Urge incontinence is usually caused by bacterial bladder infections, yeast infections, hematuria, dysuria and pollakiuria in felines.  

Causes of Lack of Bladder Control in Cats

Lack of bladder control in cats can be caused by a variety of reasons affecting the lower urinary system including:

  • Bacterial or yeast infections
  • Uroliths (bladder stones) 
  • A urethral plug
  • Old age 
  • Giving birth 
  • Pregnancy 
  • Cysts 
  • Trauma 
  • A mass causing pressure on the bladder
  • Nerve damage 
  • Lesions surrounding the brain or spinal cord, preventing signals from reaching the bladder to the brain. 
  • Ectopic ureter (a birth defect)

Diagnosis of Lack of Bladder Control in Cats

Diagnosis of lack of bladder control in cats will begin with a physical examination and review of the feline’s medical history. During the physical examination, the veterinarian may palpate (feel) the bladder to detect the presence of stones and the level of urine the bladder is holding. At this time it is important to relay the symptoms you noticed at home, when your cat began the inappropriate urination, and any new changes in the household. (New changes in the household, paired with inappropriate urination could be a sign of periuria, so the veterinarian will want to rule this possibility out). Additional diagnostic tests the veterinarian may perform include:

  • Urinary analysis 
  • Blood test 
  • Ultrasound
  • X-ray
  • Biopsy 

Treatment of Lack of Bladder Control in Cats

The treatment of lack of bladder control in cats will depend on the underlying condition. 

Bladder Infections

In the case of urinary incontinence caused by an infection, your veterinarian may prescribe an antibiotic or antifungal medication. 

Urinary Tract Stones / Bladder Stones

In the case of stones, your veterinarian may choose to have the stones removed via surgery or have them broken down with shock wave therapy. A dietary change may also be made.

Mass

In the case of a growth or mass, the veterinarian may choose to have a biopsy done to reveal whether it is malignant or benign. Chemotherapy or surgery may follow.  

Recovery of Lack of Bladder Control in Cats

Recovery and management of lack of bladder control in cats again will depend on the underlying condition. The key to recovery in bladder control problems is detecting the problem early. Once your veterinarian has pinpointed the problem, your cat can make her way to a proper recovery or a better quality of life. Frequent check-ups should be expected with the veterinarian to ensure the prescribed treatment is proving to be effective. 

Lack of Bladder Control Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Mars
short hair
2 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Aggression
Incontinence

My cat got in an car accident and they had to cut her tail off. Later we found that she had nerve damage as well and now she cannot pee or defecate in the litter box. She has to wear diapers. It’s been about 7 months since the accident and she still hasn’t regained that function. Does that mean it’s permanent and she won’t get better. She also has gotten very aggressive since the accident.
She loved my parents now she won’t go near them and she is very on edge. She will just hit people walking by and they won’t be doing anything. She has her happy moments but her aggression comes really randomly and I don’t know why.

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1373 Recommendations
Mars will probably not regain use of her bladder and bowels at this point, and this is probably a permanent problem. He aggression may be pain related, or frustration, or a leftover behavior from her trauma. I'm sorry that that happened to her, and hope that she is okay.

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Gemuk
Stray cat
3 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Inability to pass motion

My cat has been operated because of this a year ago. Recently he has been peeing drop by drop everywhere,without control. He is breathing at a very fast pace with his tongue out and quivering.he has a difficulty to pass motion.I dont know what that meant but we couldnt go to the vet with the same problem again.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2949 Recommendations
There are various different issues which may lead to urine dripping in cats which may include infections, weak bladder sphincter, neurological issues among other causes; there is no single cause and treatment so a trip to your Veterinarian would be needed to determine a cause. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Finn
house cat
3 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

oily urine
Aggressive with our other cat
Not sleeping
Urinating outside litterbox,

My 3 year old cat is leaking urine. I noticed the area where I feed her was wet for past couple of weeks. The urine was oily. It had no odor at first then two days ago it had a very strong ammonia smell. Today she has been very aggressive to our other cat and hasn't taken many naps as usual. It is 2:15 am and she is up on her cat tree and not sleeping. My husband has noticed she is wet on her butt. I switched out their food with a brand from Sam's club that had meat as the first three ingrediants. Could that be what it is possibly? Please advise.

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1373 Recommendations
I would be surprised if the change in Finn's diet caused this problem, but it does sound like she is having a urinary issue. Cats can get bladder infections and inflammation, and it would be best to have her seen by a veterinarian, as they can look at her, analyze a urine sample, and see what might be going on with her.

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Dark Lord Fluffles
Unknown
2 Months
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

leaking urine

I just got a kitten and she hasnt used the liter box nor has gone to the bathroom anywhere but I have noticed that she is leaking strong odor urine and am not sure if it is due to the kitten being the ring of the bunch or what it could be. Please help

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2949 Recommendations
There are a few different possible causes for the urinary incontinence including infections, spinal issues, congenital disorders among other causes; you would need to visit a Veterinarian for an examination (and possibly an x-ray) to diagnose the underlying cause of the incontinence. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Moses
European Shorthair
9 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

FLUTD, no pee, bladder inflammation

My 9-year-old sterilised male cat can not pee alone for two weeks, he has no stimulus. Ultrasound did not show anything, the first urine test was good, but the second showed strong inflammation. He has an old spinal injury because of this he has always had incontinence, and often recurring FLUTD, but he always could pee alone. Now the doctor express his bladder every day. The doctor says maybe the cat has weak bladder. The doctor gave him only inflammatory drug. What kind of treatment could help my cat? Thank You for Your answer.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2949 Recommendations
If the urethra is inflamed, control of this inflammation would be the best course of treatment; there are other causes of urinary retention but without being certain that they are the cause I wouldn’t want to make any specific treatment recommendations. I’ve popped two interesting links on similar issues for you to check. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM www.msdvetmanual.com/urinary-system/noninfectious-diseases-of-the-urinary-system-in-small-animals/disorders-of-micturition-in-small-animals http://veterinarycalendar.dvm360.com/micturition-disorders-dogs-and-cats-proceedings

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Kiska
Maine Coon
13 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Urine Spotting

I've had this cat for about 12-13 years - she was about a yr
old and was ferrell when I found her. She leaves small spots
of urine when she is sleeping and sometimes pees directly on
my rugs even though she is able to get outside anytime. Is this old age, like older women who have leakage problems.

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1373 Recommendations
It isn't common for cats to develop 'leakage' of urine, but it is common for cats to develop urinary tract infections and other problems. It would be best to have her examined by a veterinarian to determine what might be going on with her, and what treatment she may need. I hope that all goes well for her.

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Baby Roo
dsh
15 Years
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Loss of bladder

My spayed female cat is almost 15 yrs old and is having bladder problems. She pees where ever she is laying. Her bottom is always wet from pee. Any suggestions?

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1373 Recommendations
Many things can happen as cats get older, including kidney disease, diabetes, or urinary tract infections that can cause Baby Roo to have urinary issues. I can't examine her or comment on what might be going on, but a few simple lab tests may provide a lot of answers for you and allow her to be treated. A veterinarian can examine her, see what they think might be going on, and recommend any testing or treatment for her.

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