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What is Rupture of the Bladder?

Rupture in the bladder of your cat is a life-threatening condition that disrupts normal accumulation and movement of urine in your cat’s excretory system. The bladder is an important organ that is responsible for storing urine and allowing waste products to flush out of your cat’s system. When the bladder becomes ruptured, urine will pool in the abdomen of your cat. Both the rupture and accumulation of urine in the abdomen can present major medical issues for your cat. If you suspect that your pet has suffered a rupture in the bladder you should seek veterinary care immediately.

Rupture of the Bladder Average Cost

From 211 quotes ranging from $1,500 - $6,000

Average Cost

$2,500

Symptoms of Rupture of the Bladder in Cats

Symptoms of a bladder rupture in your cat may not begin immediately. If the urine in your cat is sterile, there may be no immediate infection or discomfort. Eventually, your cat will begin to display symptoms which rapidly worsen until your cat is facing a life threatening battle. Symptoms of bladder rupture may include:

  • Vomiting
  • Lack of appetite
  • Straining to urinate
  • Blood in urine
  • Frequent visits to litter box
  • Signs of pain such as vocalization
  • Lethargy or lack of movement
  • Distension of the abdomen
  • Dehydration in the form of pale gums or skin that will not fall back into place when gently pinched
  • Hypothermia or inability to regulate body temperature
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Causes of Rupture of the Bladder in Cats

Rupture of the bladder in cats occurs when a hole of varying size appears in the bladder wall, allowing urine to leak out into the abdomen. Injury most often occurs at the apex, or top, of the bladder, but can occur anywhere in the organ. The tear or hole has a variety of causes. Some of the most common include:

  • Traumatic injury
  • Puncture
  • Blockage of urethra
  • Tumors
  • Pelvic fracture
  • Injury during catheterization
  • Rupture during bladder palpation
  • Severe urinary tract infection
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Diagnosis of Rupture of the Bladder in Cats

Your vet will begin the diagnosis of a rupture of the bladder in your cat with a thorough physical exam. You should let your veterinarian know if your cat has recently suffered any injury or trauma, as this can speed up the process and help pinpoint your cat’s condition. Your vet will look at your cat’s gums and will collect blood samples to test for various infections, in some cases, systemic sepsis. 

Your veterinarian will also test to see if your cat is dehydrated. This is done by gathering an area of skin on your cat, typically around the neck area, and pinching gently. In a healthy cat, the skin should fall back into place smoothly and rapidly. In a dehydrated cat, the skin will slowly fall back into place or not at all and retain some shape of the pinched skin.

The definitive tests for bladder rupture typically involve imaging. Your vet will perform ultrasounds in order to examine the structure of the bladder and check for any tears or holes. In some cases, your vet may also conduct an MRI using contrast dye injected into the bladder. This procedure is typically used to detect smaller leaks or holes. Finally, your vet may choose to order x-rays if trauma is suspected. This will allow the identification of broken bones or other injury. If fluid is detected in the abdomen your vet may collect it with the use of a fine needle in order to analyze whether it is urine or built up fluid from some other cause.

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Treatment of Rupture of the Bladder in Cats

Your vet will initially treat your cat by stabilizing its vital signs. If your cat is suffering from dehydration, this will include administering intravenous fluids. Your veterinarian will also check heart rate and breath sounds to confirm they are stable enough to undergo surgery. Your vet will also drain excess urine and fluid from the abdomen with the use of a needle or catheter.

Surgery is the treatment of choice for bladder rupture in cats. This will involve your cat undergoing anesthesia. Anesthesia has a host of risks if your cat is not otherwise in healthy condition. During the surgery, your vet will use small dissolvable stitches to repair the tear or rupture. In a small number of cases, very minor tears or holes may be managed with the use of antibiotics and consistent draining of the abdomen.

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Recovery of Rupture of the Bladder in Cats

Recovery and management of a bladder rupture in your cat will depend on the severity and cause of the underlying condition. If the veterinarian is able to repair the bladder and the condition has been caught early, your cat may make a full recovery. Your cat will need to stay several days in your veterinarian’s office as this is a major surgery. Afterwards, your cat will need a quiet place at home to finish healing.

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Rupture of the Bladder Average Cost

From 211 quotes ranging from $1,500 - $6,000

Average Cost

$2,500

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Rupture of the Bladder Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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Ask a Vet

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Lucky

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Small cat

dog-age-icon

8 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Licking At Genitals

My cat has been to the vet he got is back leg stuck he has has X-rays and they said cat will be fine and now the cat is just leaking wee all the time and keeps licking himself all the time

July 7, 2018

Lucky's Owner

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recommendation-ribbon

3320 Recommendations

Leaking of urine may be due to various reasons which may include a traumatic injury, stress or many other causes; you didn’t mention a timeline of events of how long ago this all started but give it a few days to see if there are any signs of improvement, if there is no improvement you should return to your Veterinarian for another examination to see what else may be going on with Lucky. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

July 8, 2018

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Bissou

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Unknown

dog-age-icon

3 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Critical severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Critical severity

Has Symptoms

Bleeding
Weakness
Loss Of Appetite

Hi, I’m going to start from the very beginning because I don’t wanna leave any details out. I adopted my cat Bissou about 3 years ago, at the same time I adopted another cat too. They’ve been living together ever since, they practically grew up together since they were kittens when i found them. About a year ago I moved in with my boyfriend, but my cats stayed at my moms. Last Friday I brought Bissou over to my boyfriends and my apartment to live with us (we also have a 7 month old and 3 month old puppy) but left the other cat behind with my sister since he was technically hers. The first night we had him he peed and pooped all over my boyfriend. After that night he was always hiding behind something, for instance behind the tv. We left the apartment one day for work and he was behind the tv, when we got back he was in the same spot and had pee all over the door where he was sitting, he wasn’t going to the litter box. The next morning (tuesday) i woke up and found blood on him but diregarded it since my dog is in heat. I washed him off and three hours later i found blood again. I took him to the vet and they told me his bladder was possibly blocked. I explained to them i couldn’t pay the $2000 they were trying to charge me, i’m 20 y/o and this was super unexpected, they dropped the price down to $300 to only drain his bladder and give him antibiotics. they weren’t very clear on what to expect at home after my visit. He’s not eating at all, although he is drinking some water. I think he is peeing and trying to poop because i saw poop stains on his bed and he tries going in the litter box. But there’s way too much blood! They told me to expect some blood, but his legs and lower tummy are full of blood. he looks very weak and he doesn’t move from one spot unless it’s to go sleep at another spot. He really doesn’t look ok at all and i’m very worried. I was thinking of taking him today to get an x-ray done (they didn’t do so in the first place) but do you have any suggestions? I read it kay be stress related and was thinking of adopting another kitten for him to have company but i don’t know how to help him without being in debt.

June 28, 2018

Bissou's Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1611 Recommendations

If Bissou has a urinary blockage and you aren't able to afford to treat him, draining his bladder and sending him home is irresponsible, as his bladder will just fill up again if the problem isn't fixed. He is probably suffering, and this is one of the few diseases that really need either treatment or humane euthanasia. That is a very sad situation, but it is true. It may be a good idea to get a second opinion. I'm sorry that that is happening to him, but above all, you need to make sure that he isn't suffering.

June 28, 2018

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Odin

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domestic short hair

dog-age-icon

7 Years

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Moderate severity

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pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Blood In Urine
Frequent Urination

I adopted my cat 2 weeks ago and had it to the vet last week. They ran tests to make sure the cat was all healthy since I mentioned it drank ALOT but he was constantly urinating also. Today he is barely urinating, only very small amounts at a time and there is now a little blood sometimes. He is making frequent trips to the litter box (every 10 mins) but only tiny amounts of urine each time. He is still drinking well. I made an appt for tuesday (3 days from now) but I'm wondering if that's too far away. He IS peeing just tiny amounts. Really didn't want an emergency vet bill if I could hold out but again I want what is best for my cat.

June 16, 2018

Odin's Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1611 Recommendations

It would be best to have Odin seen right away for this problem. Cats can have urinary blockages that quickly become life threatening, expensive problems. Since he is still passing urine, you may be able to get treatment for him before he actually develops a full blockage that will prevent that from happening. Waiting for 3 days will pretty much guarantee that he will end up at the emergency clinic between now and then. It is good that you are paying attention to him and noticed it so that you can get treatment for him.

June 16, 2018

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Gizmo

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British shor

dog-age-icon

6 Years

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Critical severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Critical severity

Has Symptoms

Sick

I took gimo to the vets with cystitis symptoms he had before they gave him medicine took bloods and also drained his bladder with a needle told me the only risk was infection from the needle on leaving vets gizmo was sick and continued to get worse I thought it was medication as no mention of anything else I rushed him back to vets who told me to take him to other vets were they sent his results through so vet was treating him for blockage what he didn't no was that his bladder had ruptured and was rushed to surgery he is very ill I am so angry with first vet as he should of known surely or told me symptoms of possible burst bladder

June 12, 2018

Gizmo's Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1611 Recommendations

I'm sorry that that is happening to Gizmo. A ruptured bladder is not a common side effect of urine collection, but it might be a good idea to discuss this with your veterinarian, as I don't know the details or what happened while he was there. I hope that he is okay.

June 12, 2018

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Gandalf

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Domestic long hair

dog-age-icon

3 Years

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Critical severity

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Critical severity

Has Symptoms

Not Eating
Not Drinking
Moves Very Little
Makes Little Growling Sounds

Previously I asked a question regarding my male cat who visited the vet today and was diagnosed with FUS. Due to a hefty bill we were unable to get my cat sufficiently treated at the vet we visited and the vet sent him home telling us to go to a more affordable vet the next day. The reply I received from a veterinary profession from Wag! said they were very surprised that the vet sent my cat home and that he won't survive till morning. But unfortunately i forgot to mention that the vet did drain about 20 to 40 either grams or miligrams (I'm not all too sure right now ) of urine from his bladder before sending him on his way but the vet said that there is still a plug in his urethra which will get sorted out first thing tomorrow morning. I ask again if this new information changes the initial response i got and whether my cat will be able to survive for at least 12 hours until the more affordable vet opens?

April 21, 2018

Gandalf's Owner

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recommendation-ribbon

3320 Recommendations

Draining of the bladder would have given Gandalf more time for an affordable Veterinarian to be found, I generally find that most cities will have a charity clinic or other assistance to help with the cost of veterinary care. You should make a list of Veterinarians in your area and call them in the morning to find an affordable option for Gandalf. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

April 22, 2018

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Keke

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Shorthaired domestic

dog-age-icon

9 Years

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Critical severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Critical severity

Has Symptoms

Lethargy
Vomiting
Lack Of Appetite

3 days ago my fatman Keke started just isolating himself and laying in one spot, which is really odd for him. Saturday I took him to the emergency vet, because he was just getting worse and I could tell he was in pain. They took examined my baby and told me his bladder had burst and was gone and it was slowly killing him. So at midmorning on the 28th I had to stop his suffering and begin mine. I had no choice but to put my fatman down. Hardest but best decision I made ever. No matter how much I want him here , I know he's watching from above now without any pain or suffering.

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Rico

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shirazi

dog-age-icon

2 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Constipation
Excessive Urination

My cat was hitten by a car the last Tuesday, I took him to a vet and he was diagnosed by base of the tail fracture and pelvic minimal injury, the Dr asks me to let the cat take a rest and to not move a lot He is now very constipated with bloated stomach, he cannot squat to poop Although I give him warm water enema, the stool arive to the anus but he cannot get them out Also, he’s peeing a lot without going to the litter box I’m sorry worried about him and really I cannot afford money to go to the vet :( So I need a help Is this happening because of lack of exercising? Or nerve damage! What can I do to him? Can he heal by his-own?

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HappyCat

dog-breed-icon

Street cat

dog-age-icon

2 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Full

My cat has nerve damage from an accident as a kitten, and is partially paralysed (back legs, unable to urinate on his own). I have been expressing him 4-5 times a day (8-12 hours between expressions) for 2 years now. He has always been easy to express, with a solid stream of urine. Sometimes when I work late and leave him for >12 hours, his bladder gets overly distended and will be unable to express. I have brought him to the vet, and after using a needle to withdraw some urine (from his side) he will begin to urinate again and be fine. We have done this maybe 3 times before. Lately, his bladder has been very difficult to express fully, there is always the feeling of half left. After a vet visit and minipress 0.5mg twice daily for 5 days then 0.5mg for 5 days, he was ok, but still a little difficult to express. Two weeks after that, I brought him to the vet again as it was getting worse, same treatment, he was ok. But now it’s begun again. It is very difficult to express him, his bladder feels full but cannot be squeezed and only a little comes out. He tries to help by tensing his stomach, but poops instead of pees. I’m bringing him back to the vet in a few days if this continues or worsens. His urine is clear, pale yellow. He eats and drinks as normal and is playful as normal. Any advise? I’m wondering if his nerve damage got worse (I will start his Vit B again and minipress) but I am getting very worried.

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Quincy

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domestic short hair

dog-age-icon

3 Weeks

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Fair severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Distention Of Abdomen

I'm not sure if this is actually what it is but one of the other kittens from her litter died and happened to have the same squishy belly area. I'm really scared she might die because she's the only one left out of 4 kittens. I wanted to know how long a kitten can live with this before dying so I can see how long I have with her... I don't have the money to pay for the surgery if this is what it is...

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Mau

dog-breed-icon

mixed

dog-age-icon

17 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

My 17 year old cat is incontinent, he is also stage 3/4 kidney failure. We have had a radio done and nothing seems to block it, urine testing came back and he has very clear urine, no crystals and blood tests are clear. We have tried everything and we do not know what else to do, we are afraid his bladder will eventually rupture however if we have an echo done, even if a mass is found seeing how old he is and how he has kidney failure we do not want to put him through such invasive surgery for nothing. Can you provide some insight ? Do you know what we should do ? Should we say goodbye now while he is still « ok » ? We are afraid to cut his life short seeing how he is himself, he jumps very high, eats (some days more than others) and drinks water a lot but this is not crazy seeing his kidneys are failing... please help...

Rupture of the Bladder Average Cost

From 211 quotes ranging from $1,500 - $6,000

Average Cost

$2,500

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