Flea and Tick Dips and Shampoos Poisoning in Dogs

Flea and Tick Dips and Shampoos Poisoning in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost
Flea and Tick Dips and Shampoos Poisoning in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

What is Flea and Tick Dips and Shampoos Poisoning?

Amitraz insecticide poisoning causes central nervous irritation, which includes seizures, difficulty walking, dilated pupils, and extreme sleepiness. It also affects the cardiac system (extremely low or high blood pressure, decreased heart rate) and the gastrointestinal system (vomiting, drooling, diarrhea). Death is usually caused by a depressed central nervous system. A toxic oral dose of amitraz is 10 milligrams per kilogram, and a lethal dose is 100 milligrams per kilogram. It is uncommon, but possible, for a dog to ingest a lethal amount of amitraz by consuming a collar that contains amitraz or a concentrated dip or shampoo. It is also possible to apply a toxic dose of amitraz insecticide topically, from confusion when diluting the solution.

Amitraz insecticide poisoning is caused by the drug amitraz, or formamidine acaricide, which is used as a topical dip or shampoo for the prevention of ticks and mange in dogs and other animals. This drug is also in dog collars which are made for treatment of these pests as well. Amitraz poisoning is a relatively rare condition and has a mortality rate of only five percent in dogs treated with the correct dosage, although it sometimes has serious or life-threatening effects on some toy breeds, puppies, and older dogs.

Flea and Tick Dips and Shampoos Poisoning Average Cost

From 69 quotes ranging from $300 - $5,000

Average Cost

$350

Symptoms of Flea and Tick Dips and Shampoos Poisoning in Dogs

Amitraz insecticide poisoning caused by flea and ticks collars or dips and shampoos has many symptoms, which are separated into three categories:

Central Nervous System

  • Acting drunk
  • Collapse
  • Coma
  • Death
  • Decreased body temperature (hypothermia)
  • Dilated pupils
  • Difficulty breathing (dyspnea)
  • Increased blood glucose
  • Lethargy
  • Loss of body movement control (ataxia)
  • Rapid breathing (tachypnea)
  • Respiratory depression
  • Sedation
  • Seizures
  • Shock

Cardiac System

  • Slow heart rate (bradycardia)
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Low blood pressure (hypotension)

Gastrointestinal System

  • Appetite loss
  • Bloating
  • Dehydration
  • Diarrhea
  • Drooling
  • Slow intestinal activity
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss

 Types

  • Oral amitraz insecticide poisoning is caused by your dog eating or drinking something containing amitraz, such as a collar or shampoo
  • Topical amitraz insecticide poisoning happens if your dog is treated with amitraz shampoo that is mixed in the wrong concentration or without being diluted; topical poisoning can also happen when shampooing a dog who is sensitive to amitraz, such as toy breeds or puppies
arrow-up-icon

Top

Causes of Flea and Tick Dips and Shampoos Poisoning in Dogs

Both oral and topical amitraz poisoning can be caused by treating certain breeds:

  • Affenpinschers
  • Brussels Griffons
  • Chihuahuas
  • Chins
  • Havanese
  • Italian Greyhounds
  • Maltese
  • Miniature Pinschers
  • Papillons
  • Pekingese
  • Pomeranians
  • Poodles
  • Pugs
  • Shih Tzus
  • Spaniels
  • Terriers

Oral amitraz poisoning is caused by the ingestion of:

  • Collar
  • Shampoo
  • Dip solution

Topical amitraz poisoning

  • Wrong dilution of shampoo or dip
  • Using medication on puppies or elderly dogs
  • Applying more than one type of medication containing amitraz
arrow-up-icon

Top

Diagnosis of Flea and Tick Dips and Shampoos Poisoning in Dogs

A complete physical examination will first be done, which includes weight, height, body temperature, blood pressure, reflexes, heart rate, and respirations. Be sure that your veterinarian has all of your dog’s medical history, including most recent illnesses or injuries, shot records, and any behavioral changes you have noticed lately. Your veterinarian will also need to complete some laboratory tests including urinalysis, blood chemistry profile, complete blood count (CBC), blood gas, glucose level, liver enzyme test, and radiographs (x-rays) or ultrasound of the abdomen to see if there is evidence that your dog swallowed a collar (buckle or pieces of collar). A liquid chromatography test may also be done to check for amitraz insecticide in your dog’s plasma, stomach contents, or hair follicles.

arrow-up-icon

Top

Treatment of Flea and Tick Dips and Shampoos Poisoning in Dogs

Treatment for amitraz insecticide poisoning caused by flea and tick collrs or dips and shampoos depends on whether it was an oral or topical poisoning. Topical poisoning requires immediate bathing with mild soap and a lot of water. Oral ingestion includes inducing vomiting with a peroxide solution or apomorphine if it has been less than 24 hours. Charcoal can absorb the amitraz, helping to eliminate the chemical and pieces of the collar in the feces. A laxative and enema may also be administered to hasten evacuation of the bowels about 15 hours after ingestion. Atipamezole or yohimbine may be used to reverse clinical signs, such as decreased heart rate, depressed nervous system and the effects of high blood pressure. The veterinarian will also administer IV fluids and medication to control blood pressure, body temperature, and dehydration. Your dog will be in the hospital for at least 24 hours after recovery for observation. It is possible to have a recurrence of symptoms with some dogs. The veterinarian will watch for abnormal body temperature, production of urine, blood pressure, heart rate, and glucose level.

arrow-up-icon

Top

Worried about the cost of Flea And Tick Dips And Shampoos Poisoning treatment?

Pet Insurance covers the cost of many common pet health conditions. Prepare for the unexpected by getting a quote from top pet insurance providers.

Recovery of Flea and Tick Dips and Shampoos Poisoning in Dogs

You should continue to watch your dog closely for any recurrence of symptoms for at least 72 hours. Return to your veterinarian within two weeks for a follow-up examination and do not hesitate to call your veterinarian if you have any questions or concerns about your dog’s condition. To prevent this from happening in the future, it is important to follow all of the directions carefully when treating your dog, or other pets, for fleas, ticks, or any other parasites. Keep all medications out of the reach of your dog.

arrow-up-icon

Top

Flea and Tick Dips and Shampoos Poisoning Average Cost

From 69 quotes ranging from $300 - $5,000

Average Cost

$350

arrow-up-icon

Top

Flea and Tick Dips and Shampoos Poisoning Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

dog-name-icon

dog-breed-icon

Min Pin

dog-age-icon

Twelve years old

thumbs-up-icon

0 found helpful

thumbs-up-icon

0 found helpful

Has Symptoms

Noisy Breathing

I have used Hartz flea & tick shampoo on my dog a couple of times. He didn’t die but stopped wanting to eat and drinks a lot of water. He has bumps all over his body. Vet said they were just fatty nodules and they were ok. Now my dog lays in the corner by himself and snores. None of this happened until I used the shampoo. How do I fix him?

Sept. 25, 2020

Owner

answer-icon

Dr. Michele K. DVM

recommendation-ribbon

0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. I apologize for the delay in my reply, this venue is not set up for urgent emails. I would stop using that shampoo if he repeatedly has bad reactions to it, for sure. There are many safe flea products that your veterinarian can help you with, so that he does not get so sick. If he is still having problems, It would be best to have your pet seen by a veterinarian, as they can examine them, see what might be going on, and get any testing or treatment taken care of that might be needed.

Oct. 19, 2020

Was this experience helpful?

dog-name-icon

dog-breed-icon

German Shorthaired Pointer

dog-age-icon

Eight Weeks

thumbs-up-icon

0 found helpful

thumbs-up-icon

0 found helpful

Has Symptoms

None

accidentally used hartz flea and tick shampoo. Didn't sit on coat more than 30 seconds. Rinsed it off immediately then continue to rinse for a few more minutes. It has been about 2 hours and there are no symptoms. How long would it take if there were going to be any. Or is she okay?

July 30, 2020

Owner

answer-icon

Dr. Sara O. DVM

recommendation-ribbon

0 Recommendations

Hello, Usually, signs show up very quickly. If this only stayed on her a few seconds she will most likely be just fine. It sounds like you did the right thing and washed this right off.

July 30, 2020

Was this experience helpful?

Flea and Tick Dips and Shampoos Poisoning Average Cost

From 69 quotes ranging from $300 - $5,000

Average Cost

$350

Need pet insurance?
Need pet insurance?

Learn more in the Wag! app

Five starsFive starsFive starsFive starsFive stars

43k+ reviews

Install


© 2022 Wag Labs, Inc. All rights reserved.