Pseudocoprostasis in Dogs

Pseudocoprostasis in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

What are Pseudocoprostasis?

Pseudocoprostasis typically occurs to breeds that have long hair. Once the matted hair grows over the anus, it makes it difficult for the dog to defecate. The feces against the skin can make the area become irritated and infected. The feces can also attract flies that will the lay their larvae (maggots) on the dog, causing more irritation to the dog’s skin. The maggots can actually burrow into the dog’s skin. Maggots can also cause skin to die (necrosis). The maggots will feed on the dog’s skin and cause severe secondary infections. 

Pseudocoprostasis becomes a very painful condition to the dog.  It is also an unsanitary condition for the pet and his family.  Feces may get on your floors and furniture.  There are parasites, fungus and bacteria that may be transmitted to humans by the dog’s feces.

Pseudocoprostasis is the condition where excrement and hair become matted around the anus area.  Eventually the rectum becomes obstructed by the entangled mass of hair and feces.

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Pseudocoprostasis Average Cost

From 445 quotes ranging from $200 - $500

Average Cost

$300

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Symptoms of Pseudocoprostasis in Dogs

Symptoms of pseudocoprostasis may include one or more of the following.

  • Constipation
  • Matted hair around the anus
  • Foul smell coming from the dog
  • Dog scooting his rectum on the floor
  • Lack of appetite
  • Listless 
  • Depression
  • Vomiting

Causes of Pseudocoprostasis in Dogs

Pseudocoprostasis in dogs is caused by:

  • Lack of grooming
  • Loose stool or diarrhea not cleaned off the fur
  • Neglect of the dog

Diagnosis of Pseudocoprostasis in Dogs

The veterinarian will ask for a medical history of your dog.  He will ask you what symptoms you have observed and when they started, and will also ask questions pertaining to past travel, recent illnesses, and changes to dietary habits.  He will perform a physical examination of your companion. The examination may include using a stethoscope to listen to your pet’s lungs and heart, palpation of the abdomen and lymph nodes, and checking the ears and eyes.  

He will be able to diagnose pseudocoprostasis during the physical exam.  The veterinarian may suggest blood work such as a complete blood count (CBC) and a urinalysis to rule out a bacterial infection. He may also want to check for parasites.

Treatment of Pseudocoprostasis in Dogs

The matted hair around and on the anus will need to be trimmed off and the fecal matter must be removed.  The dog will also need to be bathed; oatmeal shampoo may be soothing to the irritated skin. When the matting is severe, the dog should be taken to a reputable, professional groomer. Removing the matted hair is a slow process, to ensure not to hurt the dog’s sensitive skin.

 The dog’s bedding will need to be washed. If the veterinarian diagnosed your dog with a bacterial infection, he will be prescribed antibiotics. Parasites will be eliminated with a dewormer, The yard and the dog’s bedding and living space will need to be cleaned.  A diluted bleach solution works well to kill parasites. A member of the veterinary team can give exact instructions on how best to sterilize the items and your dog’s surroundings.

Patients that had maggots on and in their skin will have to have the maggots removed and the skin will need to be wiped down with a disinfectant. In severe cases, maggot infestations may require skin grafts. The veterinarian may recommend bathing the dog with a prescribed medicated shampoo.  If the maggots caused a secondary bacterial infection, the patient will be prescribed oral and topical antibiotics.

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Recovery of Pseudocoprostasis in Dogs

Once the hair and feces are removed the prognosis of pseudocoprostasis is very good.  Follow-up visits will be necessary for patients with bacterial infections or parasites.  Bloodwork will need to be retaken on the patient. Dogs that had a maggot infestation will need follow- up visits to check for the growth of new maggots and to monitor secondary bacterial infections.

It is very important that the dog is groomed on a regular basis so the pseudocoprostasis does not reoccur.   Matting becomes very painful and uncomfortable to your dog.  Severe matting can affect the dog’s blood circulation, and can cut off blood supply to the extremities. In these severe cases the matted hair can actually cause the limb to have to be amputated. The entangled hair will also make the skin irritated and may lead to open infected lesions.

Long haired dogs must be brushed daily to prevent matted hair. If the dog has a loose stool or diarrhea gets on his fur, it needs to be cleaned off.  Baby wipes work very well to clean the rectum and hair. 

Some dog breeds should have their hair trimmed every few weeks:

  • Cocker Spaniel
  • Afghan Hound
  • Bichon Frise
  • Chow Chow
  • Lhasa Apso
  • Poodle
  • Maltese
  • Pekinese
  • Shih Tzu
  • Yorkshire Terrier
  • Puli
  • Old English Sheepdog
  • Great Pyrenees

Pseudocoprostasis Average Cost

From 445 quotes ranging from $200 - $500

Average Cost

$300

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Pseudocoprostasis Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

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Akita

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Kai

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15 Years

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12 found this helpful

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12 found this helpful

My pet has the following symptoms:
Unable To Stand
Open Wounds
Maggots
How can i make my dog more comfortable in his final days. We washed him with medicated shampoo to help. But not sure what to do about the maggots crawling in and out of his butt and open wounds. After bathing I left uncovered. With fan blowing to keep flies away. And wiped what I could away. Don't have money for treatments. So making the best out of what i got

June 20, 2018

Answered by Dr. Michele K. DVM

12 Recommendations

I'm not sure that that is a fair way for Kai to pass away, with maggots and open wounds. It might be best for him, and more humane, to have a veterinarian take him out of his suffering. If you are not able to afford to have this done, most veterinarians will ease his suffering if you sign him over to them for euthanasia, as none of want to see any animal suffering. I hope that I have not offended you, but it does not sound like Kai is having any quality of life, from your description.

June 20, 2018

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Labrador

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Bruno

dog-age-icon

7 Years

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5 found this helpful

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5 found this helpful

My pet has the following symptoms:
Bleeding
Swollen Rectum
Scared
My dog was bleeding heavily from his rectal area, on examination it was found that he has maggots in the upper part of his anus. The area was swollen. He also has ticks. The ticks are quite big and not hard. Any medicine suggestions for the above mentioned problems? I will be really grateful.

March 9, 2018


Answered by Dr. Michele K. DVM

5 Recommendations

Thank you for your email. Bruno needs to be seen by a veterinarian as soon as possible. He will need evaluation of that area, and medications for infection and pain, as well as tick control. I hope that he is okay.

March 9, 2018

The vet haven't prescribed any pain medications. He is better yet uncomfortable. What should i give him to relieve his pain?

March 10, 2018

Bruno's Owner

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Pseudocoprostasis Average Cost

From 445 quotes ranging from $200 - $500

Average Cost

$300

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