Vaginal Prolapse in Dogs

Vaginal Prolapse in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

Most common symptoms

Licking / Painful Urination

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Rated as moderate conditon

17 Veterinary Answers

Most common symptoms

Licking / Painful Urination

Vaginal Prolapse in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

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What is Vaginal Prolapse?

Discovering a large mass of tissue protruding from a dog’s vulva is alarming. To those unaware of vaginal prolapse, the mass may appear to be a fast-developing tumor, or an in-process miscarriage. As unsightly as it may be, the condition of vaginal prolapse commonly occurs in female dogs that have not been spayed. Due to the action of the female hormone estrogen, the tissue of the internal vaginal walls swells and protrudes through the vulva, the external female genital organ. The mass is usually accompanied by vaginal discharge.

 In vaginal prolapse, the swollen, protruding vaginal tissue resembles what’s often described as a “donut-shaped” mass. While the primary cause of vaginal prolapse is estrogen stimulation, other causes include vaginal hyperplasia (a proliferation of the vaginal mucosa) and genetic predisposition. Other causes of prolapse are prolonged straining resulting from a difficult labor and delivery, or an interruption during coitus before mating can occur. Reluctance to breed may be a symptom of vaginal prolapse.

While the condition affects a range of dogs, breeds most commonly affected include Labrador and Chesapeake Bay retriever, English Bulldog, German Shepherd, St. Bernard, Mastiff, Springer Spaniel and Weimaraner. Predominance in certain breeds suggests that genetics plays a key role in the development of canine vaginal prolapse. 

When serious, vaginal prolapse may prevent urination. The condition is almost always diagnosed just before or during estrus (heat). While the outcome is positive for most animals, the chance of the condition recurring throughout pregnancy, or at the delivery is quite possible. Because breeding may place the dog at further risk for the condition, spaying the animal may be recommended.

Vaginal prolapse, a condition caused by the action of the female hormone, estrogen, occurs in young, unspayed female dogs.

Symptoms of Vaginal Prolapse in Dogs

  • Protrusion of pink or red inflamed tissue from the vulva
  • Excessive licking of the affected area
  • Difficult or painful urination
  • Resistance to mating, even during heat cycle

Types

  • Type 1 occurs when there is a slight protrusion, even though it does not exit the vulva itself
  • Type 2 is when the vaginal tissue protrudes through the vulvar opening
  • Type 3 hyperplasia refers to the donut-shaped mass, which can be seen externally

Causes of Vaginal Prolapse in Dogs

  • Genetics
  • Breed affiliation
  • Estrogen stimulation
  • Vaginal hypoplasia

Diagnosis of Vaginal Prolapse in Dogs

A veterinary consultation will be required for diagnosis of vaginal prolapse. The timing of the problem (during pre-estrus or estrus), and the typical appearance of the mass upon physical examination, will usually be sufficient for diagnosis. In an older female dog, a tissue sample is often taken to differentiate the condition from a cancerous growth.

Aside from the physical examination, your veterinarian may choose to perform blood tests and urinalysis to rule out the presence of other underlying conditions or infection that may be present.

Cannanine

Treatment of Vaginal Prolapse in Dogs

If your dog is experiencing prolapse but can urinate normally, the veterinarian may prescribe hormonal therapy. The prolapse may correct itself as this type of therapy can initiate estrus (heat). Topical creams will be prescribed if your pet is uncomfortable. With these therapies, vaginal prolapse is highly treatable and in many cases, can be reversed.

Unless the vaginal prolapse is blocking the urethra completely so that your pet cannot urinate, the condition is not a medical emergency. If your companion is unable to pass urine, she will likely require hospitalization, surgery to remove the blockage and enable an assessment of the prolapsed tissue, and if required, a urinary catheter will be utilized. Spaying is often suggested.

Recovery of Vaginal Prolapse in Dogs

During recovery, you must keep the prolapsed area clean and dry.  If tolerated, an Elizabethan collar may stop your dog from licking, chewing or biting the affected area; many dogs benefit from wearing a canine diaper to protect the area and make it less accessible for constant grooming.

The veterinarian will prescribe moisturizing ointments that will help prevent tissue damage. As a  pet owner, you must be vigilant so that the prolapsed tissue is not aggravated or damaged by surfaces or other animals.

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Vaginal Prolapse Average Cost

From 572 quotes ranging from $300 - $2,000

Average Cost

$850

Vaginal Prolapse Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

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Memi

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Boston Terrier

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13 Years

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Mass Coming From Vagina

My 13 year old Boston Terrier has a mass coming out of her vagina I have never seen this before, this is the first time but it has gotten bigger this is her 5th day and I don't know what to do and can't afford surgery?

July 25, 2018

Memi's Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1611 Recommendations

There are a couple of possibilities for that mass, and if she is not spayed, it may be related to a heat cycle. Since I cannot examine her or determine what the mass might be, it would be best to have Memi seen by a veterinarian, as they will be able to examine her, see what the mass is, and let you know options for treatment for her.

July 26, 2018

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Coconut

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American Eskimo

dog-age-icon

8 Years

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Moderate severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Puss
Puss, Blood
Puss, Blood, Vaginal Ball Outside

My 8 yr old miniature American Eskimo suddenly had a ball hanging out of her vagina and we took her on Memorial Day, 5/28, for an emergency checkout by the vet. She was diagnosed with what they thought was probably "vaginal hyperplasia". They gave me meds and OB Lube, and instructed me to keep her clean and use lube to keep moist. Only thing is the lube gets all over when she lays down. I took her back about a week later because I was concerned with the smell and that it was pussy and bloody (maybe because she was in heat, or maybe because the ball was irritated). They looked at it again and said that it was still ok, that it sometimes takes up to 21 days to clear and go back inside the vagina. At one point she said "unless it is a tumor" , but wouldn't they know the difference? So it has now been 12 days and still no sign that it is clearing up. I bathe her a lot because of the smell and how the puss gets all over her fur. Is there anything else I should be doing? Is that smell and puss normal? So will it just suddenly shrink one day and go back inside? Thank you.

June 10, 2018

Coconut's Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1611 Recommendations

I'm sorry that that is happening to Coconut. It can be difficult to tell the different between hyperplasia and a tumor, but if she is not spayed, it could be either. Hyperplasia should have resolved by now, as it typically happens with hormonal changes. Pus is definitely not normal, and she may need further care, or antibiotics. Since I cannot see her, it would be best to have her re-examined by your veterinarian, as they can advise you on what the next best step is.

June 10, 2018

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Harley

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Labmaraner

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1 Year

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Moderate severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Vaginal Prolapse,

My dog is a one year old lab-wiemaraner mix. We noticed the prolapsed tissue about a month ago and hoped that it would resolve on it's own. Over about 2 weeks it got smaller and then turned into a large donut-shaped mass. We took her to the vet and they put the tissue back inside and tied her up. After 10 days we went back and they removed the tie. It has since returned to the worst I've seen it. She can still pee. They have said that we need to do a more expensive surgery. At this point it would be over $1200 put into this dog. Is there any chance that this will go away on it's own or is surgery the only option?

Feb. 15, 2018

Harley's Owner


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recommendation-ribbon

3320 Recommendations

At this point, if the prolapse has recurred after it being placed back and sutures being placed; then surgery is the next option as it is not likely that the issue will resolve and Harley is at a high risk of infection. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

Feb. 15, 2018

I have a female with a prolapse and has carried pups due in a few days still has prolapse since breed will she delliver she has been fine with it the whole time no problems

May 24, 2018

Dena

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Budz

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spitz

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3 Years

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Moderate severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Protrution In The Vagina

i think my dog has vaginal prolapse and the protrution is getting bigger. last december it started out to be the size of a grape but not it has grow to be the size of a small orange and ive noticed some pus in the area..what do i do?there are no vets in my area as of the moment, and i'm worried that it may become an infected wound.can i give her meds or something?

Feb. 15, 2018

Budz's Owner


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recommendation-ribbon

3320 Recommendations

Without examining Budz I cannot determine if it is a prolapse or a vaginal hyperplasia; hyperplasia normally resolves after a heat cycle, but a prolapse would require veterinary attention. There are no medicines I can recommend to solve this issue; but you should keep the exposed area lubricated with an antibiotic ointment like Neosporin. You should visit a Veterinarian regardless of distance or cost. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

Feb. 15, 2018

My small 9 years old female dog had a swollen vagina that stayed there for several months . She seemto urinate okay . She finally died. She didn’t seem sick or anything but died

May 3, 2018

Linda M.


My Dog has Prolapse will she always have it in Every Heat? Had it last Heat and i didnt really know what it was becUse she is my first female i own ever! And thought it was Normal. She should be coming into heat here soon. What do you suggest? Obviously take her to the vet either way? But any possible chance of breeding her if it doesnt swell like a Prolapse?

April 11, 2018

Damian_831


i have already consulted with a vet and she prescribed oral antibiotics but my dog won't take it.we have scheduled to have the mass removed and injectable antibiotics.my problem now it that she is showing signs of aggresion, i'm worried that it would be quite difficult to take her to the vet tomorrow.any advise?

Feb. 16, 2018

Budz's Owner

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Macute

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Local philippine dog

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1 Year

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Moderate severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

I have this a yr old female dog and its her first time to have her menstruation,unfortunately, on her 2nd day mass of tissue from her vagina begin to come out and until now she's on her 6th day already the mass of tissue is still there iut of her vagina. Is this the prolapse? I can day its quite big now and my dog begin to get irritated. She constantly lick it and now affects the way she urinate. Is there any other possible way to treat that prolapse aside from surgery? I know surgery is very costly and i can not afford that as of now. I dont have a job and if theres other way aside from surgery it will be a great great help. Thank u so much. God bless.

Dec. 21, 2017

Macute's Owner


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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1611 Recommendations

Thank you for contacting us about Macute. Without examining her, I cannot tell for sure if that is a prolapse - it may be a prolapse, but it may be hyperplastic tissue that will resolve when she isn't in heat. If she is having problems like this already, she should be spayed to prevent further problems as she gets older. You will need to take her to a veterinarian to assess whether this is a prolapse, or hyperplastic tissue.

Dec. 21, 2017

My dog has prolapse and prggnet will she have pups

May 24, 2018

Dena

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Pearl

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Yorkshire Terrier

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15 Years

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Moderate severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

None

My yorkie is about 14 years old and has a long pink mass coming out from behind. It’s been there for several months. I’ve bathed her several times and she doesn’t seem to mind when I’m cleaning her back there while bathing her. She acts like nothing is wrong. Is this normal?

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Virya

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Beagle

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9 Years

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Vaginal Swelling

My dog is spayed but started having a protrusion from her vagina when she was placed on thyroid tabs for hypothyroidism. All blood tests are normal but the protrusion still persists. It gets less inflamed on occasion but tends to come back intermittently. She isnt bothered by it but it still is concerning as I haven't really gotten a good answer from several vets on what the cause might be. This has been happening on and off for 2 years since the hypothyroid diagnosis. The vets I have spoken with say that the thyroid medication isnt the cause because the thyroid tests show that the medication is putting her thyroid hormones in range. Ant advice or suggestions on the cause of this would be greatly appreciated

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TinkTink(stray)

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Walker

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2 Years

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Critical severity

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2 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Critical severity

Has Symptoms

Weakness
Crying
No Urination
Large Mass
Bleeding Vaginal Area
No Urinating

I have a walker. It's not ours its a stray it started hanging around and we fed it she was very skiddish. I noticed a little red mass protruding from her vaginial region. My mom insisted that this was just her in heat and normal. I kept telling her it wasn't until the mass continued growing bigger in about beggining of stage 2 my mom knew it was prolapse. We needed to catch her. We called the shelter owner. A women came over and set a live trap cage. She never went inside. This continued for about 2 weeks. She was now in stage 3 prolapse. A large mass was swinging from her vaginial area. About 2 days ago it is starting to get cold. Her mass was starting to turn a whiteish color. We gave benedryl childrens kind which the live trap women said was okay. She became tired and my mom walked out and grabbed her. She didn't even move she was shaking so hard and right now she is in the large doggie cage she is quiet and eating so much. The stupid freaing vet won't call us the pound wont come till monday and they told us to put sugar and warm water on it. to keep it moistened. Help!!

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Princess

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Yorkie

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12 Months

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Mild severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Excessive Licking

This is her 2 heat cycle. One side of her virginal area is swollen more than usual and look like a strawberry! I don’t want to do surgery or get her spayed. What should I do ? Is it life threatening?

Vaginal Prolapse Average Cost

From 572 quotes ranging from $300 - $2,000

Average Cost

$850

Cannanine