Chronic wasting disease is found in deer, elk and moose. This disease is what biologists describe as a prion, a catalyst for infectious diseases. Because mad cow disease (bovine spongiform encephalopathy, BVE) is also a prion, many virologists worry that chronic wasting disease could pass onto humans.
However, despite several studies, scientists have found that the likelihood of chronic wasting disease passing onto humans is low. Additionally, no reported cases of the illness occurring in humans have been reported.
Since prions are known to pass between species (an infected deer excretes waste in a pasture where cows feed), pet owners may wonder if their dog is at risk of contracting this fatal, infectious disease, as well.
Can Dogs Get Chronic Wasting Disease?
There are no reported cases of dogs with chronic wasting disease. Some dog owners, particularly in rural parts of states with high activity of the illness, have voiced concern of whether their dog may be able to contract the disease by ingesting the meat of a dead, infected animal.
New York, Michigan, Colorado, Illinois, Wyoming, Wisconsin, and Kansas are just a few of the states named in recent outbreaks and rising rates of chronic wasting disease in the nation. It’s here that pet-owners in rural counties may worry about the potential of chronic wasting disease infecting not just their dogs, but also their cattle.
Fortunately, virologists note that this prion disease is not currently able to pass onto dogs. As the disease progresses, it may evolve, tweaking its strands, potentially making it possible for other species to acquire it. Due to this, many veterinarians will advise dog owners to be wary of infected animals, dead or alive, coming into close contact with their pet.
Does My Dog Have Chronic Wasting Disease?
It’s highly unlikely the symptoms you may be witnessing in your dog are linked to the illness. If your companion happens to be exhibiting signs similar to chronic wasting disease, you should check for other medical conditions with a veterinarian.
In deer, elk, and moose, these are signs of infection:
Jittery or anxious, abnormal movements
Strange, erratic behavior
Drooping head and ears
Excessive urination combined with thirst
As chronic wasting disease affects the function of the brain, neurological or nervous system dysfunctionality in your pet may look a lot like symptoms of this prion disease. And even though it’s unlikely they’ve become the first case for canine chronic wasting disease, they should be taken to a veterinarian as soon as possible for proper diagnosis and treatment.
We all know infectious diseases are caused by contact with an animal carrying the disease. But what about the very first infected animal? How did they develop it?
At least in the case of chronic wasting disease, the initial catalyst is a kind of rogue protein forming in the body from cellular tissue. This is called a prion and its abnormality is that it begins to infect and destroy the body from the inside. Prion “live” in the nervous system, which explains the main symptoms of the disease.
Once this animal is infected, they become contagious, spreading the disease with their waste, bodily decomposition, and interaction with other animals of its species.
Because chronic wasting disease has only been shown to affect deer, elk, and moose, diagnosis is mostly created by those in the field of wildlife conservation, virologists, and hunters. Many counties across the country utilize local government to inform hunters about the dangers of consuming infected meat. Communities are also taught what symptoms and signs to look for in an infected animal.
There isn’t a viable case study for chronic wasting disease as it has not been proven to affect dogs, or any other species outside of cervidae (deer, elk, moose).