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What are Inability to Protrude or Retract Penis?

The inability to completely protrude the penis is called phimosis. The inability to completely retract the penis, alternatively, is called paraphimosis. The causes of each of these conditions can vary, and veterinary intervention may be required if the problem persists. These conditions may be more likely in small dogs, though it can be seen in all breed types. While this can occur at any age, it typically occurs in dogs that are younger than 1 year of age. Paraphimosis usually occurs after the dog has an erection, when the skin at the preputial orifice (the space between the prepuce and glans penis) becomes inverted and traps the penis, keeping it from retracting.

Phimosis (the inability to protrude the penis) and paraphimosis (the inability to retract the penis) are conditions sometimes seen in male dogs. Symptoms may include trouble when trying to copulate, trouble urinating, and swelling around the penis.

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Inability to Protrude or Retract Penis Average Cost

From 367 quotes ranging from $200 - $2,500

Average Cost

$650

Symptoms of Inability to Protrude or Retract Penis in Dogs

  • Posthitis (swelling of the foreskin of the penis)
  • Smelly discharge
  • Trouble urinating
  • Excessive licking of the area
  • Trouble when trying to copulate

Types

Phimosis

  • Phimosis is typically unnoticed in dogs until they try to copulate and are unable to protrude the penis. Treatment may not be required if the dog is not used for breeding, though castration may be considered to prevent arousal. In breeding dogs, surgical widening of the preputial orifice may be required.

Paraphimosis 

  • Paraphimosis typically occurs after an erection, usually following semen collection or coitus. If the problem persists, veterinarian treatment should be sought. If the problem isn’t addressed, complications including severe edema and pain could develop.
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Causes of Inability to Protrude or Retract Penis in Dogs

Paraphimosis

  • Inverted skin at preputial orifice
  • Small preputial opening
  • Priapism (persistent erection, typically painful)
  • Foreign objects around the penis
  • Band of hair at the preputial orifice that constricts the penis
  • Trauma

Phimosis

  • Congenital causes
  • Neoplasia (formation of a new, abnormal growth)
  • Edema (excess of watery fluid collecting in cavities/tissues of the body)
  • Fibrosis after trauma (thickening and scarring of connective tissue)
  • Inflammation
  • Infection
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Diagnosis of Inability to Protrude or Retract Penis in Dogs

If there are no other symptoms or problems, a physical exam may be the only required diagnostic test. In the event of other symptoms, additional tests may be required, including:

  • Complete blood count
  • Serum chemistry profile
  • Stress leukogram
  • Neutrophilia
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Treatment of Inability to Protrude or Retract Penis in Dogs

In cases of phimosis, treatment is only important if the dog is used for breeding, though castration may be considered. Paraphimosis treatments typically require lubrication or other techniques to return the penis to its sheath. Prognosis is good in most cases.

Paraphimosis

Treatment depends largely on the cause of the paraphimosis. Possible treatments include:

  • Cleaning and lubrication of exposed penis
  • Hypertonic solutions
  • Sedation or general anesthesia may be required, depending on cause and/or duration
  • Exploratory surgery of the preputial cavity may be necessary
  • If the urethra is damaged, temporary placement of a catheter may be necessary
  • Removal of any foreign objects
  • Cutting of any constricting hairs
  • Analgesics (drugs to relieve pain)
  • IV may be used for rapid medication administration or fluid therapy
  • Penile amputation may be performed if the penis is necrotic (the cells of the penis are dying)

Phimosis

  • If the dog isn’t used for breeding, treatment usually isn’t necessary.
  • In breeding dogs, surgical enlargement of the preputial orifice may be used to treat the condition
  • Castration may be considered in dogs not used for breeding to avoid any future problems.
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Recovery of Inability to Protrude or Retract Penis in Dogs

Recovery and management will vary slightly based on the underlying causes and severity, but typically treatment is fairly simple and a full recovery is possible. In most cases, the recovery period is quick, though this can vary if surgical intervention is required.

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Inability to Protrude or Retract Penis Average Cost

From 367 quotes ranging from $200 - $2,500

Average Cost

$650

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Inability to Protrude or Retract Penis Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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Ask a Vet

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Terrier mix

dog-age-icon

7 years

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Unknown severity

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3 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Penis Swelling

My dog's penis has been out since this morning. It's been bout 6 hours now. He's jumped stuff before and this never happened. He seems uncomfortable and won't let me near the area.

Jan. 28, 2021

Owner

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Dr. Gina U. DVM

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3 Recommendations

Hello You may try to apply some sugar water to his penis to see if that will help decrease the swelling. If there is no improvement after 5 minutes, I recommend taking him to your veterinarian as soon as possible for evaluation and treatment. They may apply a similar solution to the area to eliminate the swelling so the penis is not as swollen and will go back in the sheath. Good luck.

Jan. 28, 2021

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can corao

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4months

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Unknown severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Redness

My puppys penis is swollen and wont come out he has messed with it so much its bleeding now and he seems very uncomfortabl what can i do. Its bleedung now

Oct. 30, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Linda S. MVB MRCVS

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1 Recommendations

Hi there, you are through to Dr Linda. This can be a true emergency as the sensitive tissue becomes dry and can quickly lose its blood supply. Hr is likely in a lot of discomfort and needs to see a vet immediately.

Oct. 30, 2020

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can corso

dog-age-icon

4 Years

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Unknown severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Redness

My puppys penis is stuck in side and swollen it wont come out and we thi k he has parvo he has messed with it ao much thaat he has a bloody sore on it.

Oct. 30, 2020

Owner

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Jessica N. DVM

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1 Recommendations

Hello- Thank you for your question. It sounds like he needs to see a veterinarian immediately if his penis is red and swollen and has a sore on it. If your veterinarian is not open I would recommend taking him to a veterinary ER to have it evaluated. They can examine it, determine the problem and provide appropriate treatment for him. Hope he feels better soon.

Oct. 30, 2020

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Teacup yorkie

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Seven Years

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Penis Wont Retract

I woke up to my yorkie who was asleep beside me with his prnis half way out and swollen over the top of his penis skin shaft thing. I've never seen it where it was swollen and won't go in especially when he was asleep. Help

Sept. 25, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. I apologize for the delay, this venue is not set up for urgent emails. I hope that your pet is feeling better. If they are having problems, It would be best to have your pet seen by a veterinarian, as they can examine them, see what might be going on, and get any testing or treatment taken care of that might be needed.

Oct. 21, 2020

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American Bully

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Three Years

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Protruding Penis

I need to find a vet near me to check if my male can be bred

Sept. 24, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. You can find a veterinarian in your area using Google or a phone book, or talking to other people with pets to see which veterinarian they use.

Oct. 24, 2020

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Beaux

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Blue Heeler

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1 Year

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Critical severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Critical severity

Has Symptoms

Pain

My dog is suffering the same. Started to bleed real bad. Took him to vet had him neutered and tip of penis sewn up to hold it in. Went back 2 weeks later and found out the head of penis is now dying and falling off. Hes on antibiotics but needs a surgery that's costly. I started a GoFundMe for him I'm waiting to see the out.come. he goes back next week. If ur dog has this problem please take to the vet iys not looking good for my baby boy. Prayers are needed

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Jr

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Chihuahua

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13 Years

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Moderate severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Unable To Retract Penis

My chihuahua is about 13 years old and about a year or two ago his red rocket would come out and not be able to retract back on its own. We took him to the bet the first time it happened and they had put it back in but then it continued to happen again and again. The vet was starting to get expensive every time we’d go in. So they told us what we could do at home if it happened again. Which is basically the sugar thing and lube. Well now, it’s gotten to the point where it’ll happen, sometimes multiple times a day and other days nothing but it sucks because my little one is very mean towards us because he thinks we’re trying to hurt him when I’m reality we’re just trying to help. I just want him to be able to pee correctly, sometimes it takes him super long to pee. We’ve switched out his food and are giving him these treats for proper digestion (when he poops and is having trouble is when it comes out too)

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Trotz

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Shorkie Tzu

dog-age-icon

10 Years

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Moderate severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Pain
Walking Tenderly

My little guy had his rocket out for 2 days and I noticed him walking funny and not eating as much. I did all the things mentioned online and it retracted. Hours later it’s back out again. Not sure if this is my life now or what to do.

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Sammy

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Dachshund

dog-age-icon

9 Years

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Serious severity

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1 found helpful

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Serious severity

Has Symptoms

Irritability
Irritability, Paraphimosis, Stress,

Our 9 year old Dachshund has had paralysis of his hindquarters for about 4 years now (IVDD) - we live in a single story home with lots of tile, so he gets around find by dragging himself around the house. We know the timing of when he drinks water and when we need to express his bladder, and can often feel when his bowels are full, and can 'assist' in massaging the bowel to help him poop. He's had recurring issues with paraphimosis in the past, and it's often timed with him squeezing out some poop.. his real legs will twitch forward, and the penis comes out, and he gets incredibly agitated (often trying to bite us as we assist). About a year ago, we talked to our vet about it, and they suggested a couple stitches to the opening of the sheath, reducing the size of the opening, to prevent the penis from coming out - it helped for a while, but lately (the last 2 weeks or so), it's been happening more frequently - several times a day. We have to keep a cone on him 24/7 to keep him from licking or gnawing on the exposed penis, but he's learning how to get the cone off. the other day, his penis came out so far, probably close to 6".. the base of the penis was exposed, incredibly raw and bloody, and after several attempts with sugar water and lube, we got it back in.. but with it happening daily, we don't know what else to do.. it's almost as if the nerve damage to his spine is contributing to this issue. We are giving him Metacam daily, as well as a sedative lately, just to keep him calm.. but this is no way for our poor guy to live.. what options do we have?

Inability to Protrude or Retract Penis Average Cost

From 367 quotes ranging from $200 - $2,500

Average Cost

$650

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