Kidney Cancer Average Cost

From 2 quotes ranging from $3,000 - 16,000

Average Cost

$10,000

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What is Kidney Cancer?

Renal cancer is a type of cancer that affects the kidney and can either originate within the organ or metastasize (spread) from another part of the body. Renal tumors are not common in dogs, though the majority of primary renal tumors are cancerous. These typically affect middle-aged or older dogs, but cases have been noted in younger animals.

Malignant renal tumors can occur in one or both kidneys, developing either within the kidney or metastasizing from other areas of the body. These tumors are not common in dogs but require the affected kidney to be removed. Since kidney cancer may lead to acute renal failure, early detection is vital for a better prognosis.

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Symptoms of Kidney Cancer in Dogs

Some dogs do not exhibit symptoms of kidney cancer, though they may begin to show signs as the disease grows. These include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Blood in the urine

If the kidneys begin to fail, the dog may develop additional symptoms such as:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Depression
  • Dental disease

Causes of Kidney Cancer in Dogs

Much as with other cancers, little is known about the causes of kidney cancer in dogs. The cancer most commonly appears in middle-aged to older animals and may develop in the kidney itself or spread from other organs. Dogs of both sexes are equally susceptible to renal cancer, though this type of cancer is rare overall. There is no correlation between the cancer and breed except in the German Shepherd, which is predisposed to a syndrome of renal cystadenocarcinomas.

Diagnosis of Kidney Cancer in Dogs

If your dog is exhibiting unusual behavior, visit the veterinarian immediately. Many of the symptoms of kidney cancer are not specific to the disease, which is why a close examination by the veterinarian is vital for an accurate diagnosis.

At the initial visit, blood work and urine sampling is usually performed to establish the dog’s ability to tolerate treatment, as well as to develop a clearer picture of the patient’s overall health. The veterinarian may opt to do a needle aspirate or biopsy of the tumor if kidney cancer is found. In order to determine the extent of the cancer, a thorough evaluation may be conducted, which may include:

  • Chest radiographs or x-rays
  • Ultrasound of the abdomen
  • Complete blood cell profile
  • Advanced imaging, such as a CT or MRI

These tests help establish the size of the tumor and determine the presence of metastasis to other areas of the body. Depending on the results, further tests may be necessary to ensure that other organs are healthy. The veterinarian may also perform function tests on the unaffected kidney.

Treatment of Kidney Cancer in Dogs

Treatment varies depending on several factors, all of which will have been determined during the diagnosis stage.

Surgery

Nephrectomy, or surgical removal of the affected kidney, is the recommended treatment for most renal cancer that has not spread to other parts of the body. Surgery is only a viable option if the second kidney is functioning properly and if your dog is strong enough to withstand the operation. Your dog can live a normal life with one kidney, and surgery may remove the cancer entirely, depending on the extent of the tumor. Metastasis or recurrence may still be possible months after nephrectomy.

Chemotherapy

If the cancer affects both kidneys or has metastasized to other areas of the body, rendering a nephrectomy infeasible, chemotherapy may be used to help combat the spread of the tumors and prolong your dog’s life. Your veterinarian can administer a potent combination of drugs, limiting the cancer’s spread to other organs. However, there is little documentation to support chemotherapy’s effectiveness against most primary renal tumors.

Supportive Care

Kidneys remove waste from the blood. When the organ fails or does not function at full capacity, toxins build up within the body and will need to be removed by other means. IV fluids help remove those toxins. Additional care may be recommended to reduce pain, ensure hydration, and treat anemia, depending on how quickly the cancer has spread.

Recovery of Kidney Cancer in Dogs

If your dog successfully underwent surgery and had the affected kidney removed, your veterinarian will provide you with aftercare instructions to follow. Pain medication helps keep your dog comfortable during recovery, and antibiotics prevent infections. Administer all medication as directed by your veterinarian, and limit physical activity over the next two or three weeks to ensure that the surgical site heals properly. General blood work and ultrasounds or radiographs may be recommended as follow ups to monitor metastatic disease.

A combination of home and veterinary care is important, whether or not nephrectomy was performed. Though prognosis is poor for most malignant renal tumors, particularly those that affect both kidneys, you may still maintain your dog’s quality of life for the remaining months with your veterinarian’s help.

Kidney Cancer Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Jack
Greyhound
10 Years
Fair condition
2 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

none
Blood In Urine

Medication Used

none at this time
none

Kidney tumor one kidney, all other organs good has not metasised anywhere, good option to have the one kidney removed? Blood in Urine and ultrasound done showed tumor on one kidney.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2492 Recommendations
Whilst nephrectomy (surgical removal of kidney) and dietary management are a good option here, the decision to operate is at your Veterinarian’s discretion and they may not perform the surgery if they feel it would be harmful to Jack’s health. A complete blood test for blood counts, kidney and liver function should be done given his age and condition. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

All of the above was done and all good, except x-rays of the heart and lungs to be done after consult. The dog is a 10 year old Greyhound still very active and you would not know anything wrong

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Sophie
Labradoodle
13 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

My 13 year old Labradoodle has a renial mass in her left kidney. A biopsy was taken today. She is still active, although tired. The oncologist said the tumor was relatively small. While I await results of the biopsy, I want to understand if a nephrectomy will extend her life.
X-rays of her heart and lungs and the abdonmial ultrasound indicate that there are no other tumors.
Where can I get statistics on the quality and time of life after nephrectomy?
I don’t want to needlessly put my 13 year old thru an ordeal that may not add time and quality of life.

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1076 Recommendations
If Sophie's other kidney is functioning normally, having the diseased kidney removed may extend both the length and the quality of her life. Without knowing the results of the biopsy, it is hard to say if it is a needed procedure, but your oncologist will be able to guide you better once those results are known. For more information: https://wagwalking.com/treatment/nephrectomy. I hope that all goes well for her.

Sophie’s cancer is renal sarcoma. The vet said her kidney must come it and chemo therapy for 15weeks if she is to live.
What are the effects of chemo on her, understanding she is otherwise healthy, but assumed to,have renal hemangiosarcoma?

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Snuffy
Golden Retriever
13 Years
Serious condition
1 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

anaemic
Brown urine

Our golden retriever is 13. She has good appetite and is as active as usual. About a month ago, we noticed her urine was dark brown. We brought her in for an ultrasound and found that left kidney was very enlarged. Further CT scan confirms that there is a large mass in her left kidney but biopsy was unable to determine the type of cancer because the kidney has mineralized. Vet advised to have the left kidney removed as it is causing her to lose blood when she is already currently borderline anemic. Also, with the left kidney removed, the vet will have a better understanding of the type of cancer and if it is necessary any chemotherapy be administered to prevent the metastasis to other organs. There is also a possibility that the left kidney will rupture and cause internal bleeding if left unattended.

While we have decided to go ahead with nephrectomy on the left kidney, we are concern over the risk of causing harm to the right kidney and expose her to potential infection post surgery. The right kidney seems to show a rather good contrast base on CT scan but her Urine Specific Gravity results are around 1.006.

We are told that she is a good candidate for the surgery as she is still active, healthy and eating well despite being 13. Are we still making making the right choice to remove the left kidney? What potential risks will there be from the surgery? What shall be done post surgery to ensure the health of her other kidney? What kind of potential infection will she be prone to after surgery?

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1076 Recommendations
Removal of the diseased kidney will not harm the good kidney. You will be able to find out what kind of tumor you are dealing with and treat appropriately, which is essential. There is always the possibility that the healthy kidney will become diseased, but no more than any normal dog. I hope that she does well.

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Riley
Labrador
8 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Weight Loss
Vomiting.
Loss of Appetite

Medication Used

steroids

Just found out our 8 year old chocolate lab has liver and kidney cancer. Stopped eating, vomiting diarrhea and weight loss. Have tried all different types of medications only steroids seemed to help. Don’t know the full extent yet. But any chance she can make a full recovery?

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1076 Recommendations
I'm sorry that that is happening to Riley, that is very sad. While I cannot comment on her prognosis without knowing the extent and type of cancer, with the signs that you describe, and if she has cancer in both her liver and kidneys, it seems unlikely that she will be able to recover from this. A veterinary oncologist may be able to give you more treatment options, and your veterinarian can refer you to an oncologist if needed.

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Kedji
shepard cross
11 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Hi:
MY 11 year old shepard/rotti/blue heeler mix has been diagnosed with tumours in both kidneys and a large splenal hemangioma. We are treating her palliatively and providing her lots of love! While she doesn't seem to be in pain, her urine is increasingly dark red, and she seems to be sleeping more and becoming more lethargic. Any advice on signs we should look for of her being in significant discomfort suggesting we should be moving to euthanasia? Thanks

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2492 Recommendations
Each case is different, but signs of pain, lethargy, changes to habits like eating, drinking, urinating and defecating among other symptoms like changes in behaviour; you should be really checking in with your Veterinarian on a regular basis to get their input to Kedji condition during this time. Generally owners realise when it is time, but I would recommend seeing your Veterinarian due to the changes in the colour of urine. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Chablis
Am. Cocker Spaniel
13 Years
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Soft or runny stools
excessive urination
Excessive Thirst

Medication Used

Medicam for pain
piptoporus betulinus extract

My 13 year old American Cocker Spaniel has been diagnosed with liver and kidney cancer. She is being treated using a homeopathic remedy made up from piptoporus betulinus mushroom. Over the last 6 months her symptoms have lessened. I was told that the liver is very robust and could recover to normal, but the kidney is a different story. How can I tell if there is significant improvement in the kidney? Note: Her stools are now mostly normal, occasionally soft, thirst and urination has reduced by about 60% from when we started treatment. What else should we look for?

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1076 Recommendations
Thank you for your email. The standard to assess kidney function is lab work to look at her kidney enzymes. If that hasn't been checked recently, that will give you a good idea as to whether there has been improvement. I wish her well.

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Bailey.
Springer spaniel
2 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Hello my neighbours fit and healthy spaniel two year old has cancer in both kidneys have you any advice please best course of action he has fluid around kidneys has been sick, but seems happy enough still eating etc

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2492 Recommendations
It really depends on the specific type of cancer and the progression (how much kidney function is affected); I would start with considering a biopsy or fine needle aspirate to identify the specific type of cancer which would help in determining options, without knowing the specific type of cancer we can only offer palliative care. Once the cancer is identified, treatment may be an option, but would need to be discussed with your Veterinarian. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Bruce
Kerry Blue Terrier
10 Years
Serious condition
1 found helpful
Serious condition

Hi, we have a Kerry Blue Terrier. He will be 11 in January and after lots of tests we have found he has a tumor on his kidney. His other kidney looks fine and we are considering surgery. He is to have an x-ray first to check it hasn't spread to his chest. He is on steroids at the moment which has really helped to increase his appetite but he has lost quite a bit of weight. We are worried about putting him through the surgery but don't want to give up on him. Can you offer any advice please?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2492 Recommendations
Bruce is still relatively young and should tolerate surgery well (pending the results of preanaesthetic blood tests), surgery can be scary but it is usually the right course of action in these cases. If you have concerns, you should discuss with your Veterinarian; nephrectomy along with dietary management is a good course of action. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

Thank you, that's very reassuring.

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jasmine
Mixed
11 Years
Serious condition
1 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Weight Loss
Urinating
Vision Problems
Loss of Appetite

my lab mix has been significantly losing weight in a short amount of time and urinating everywhere, she's shedding very bad as well in clumps, and not wanting anyone to bother her. should I put her down?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2492 Recommendations

The symptoms you describe are consistent with kidney failure, infections, cancer or Addison’s Disease. The problems with Jasmine’s vision may be related to the primary condition or may be due to her age. A visit to your Veterinarian will confirm if Jasmine’s condition is treatable or not and they will be able to advise you on prognosis, possible treatment and options for euthanasia if applicable. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

"Though prognosis is poor for most malignant renal tumors", what does this mean!? My Lhasa had her right kidney removed with a softball sized tumor that is cancer but has not spread or broken out of the kidney; does it matter, will the cancer be back somewhere else in a few weeks/months?

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Mia
Bichon Shihtzu
I
Serious condition
1 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Loss Of Appetite, weight loss,
Loss of Appetite

My 8 yr old bishon shitzu mix was diagnose with kidney cancer. The vet said the mass covers the entire bottom of her kidney. Not sure if both kidneys.. I think she also said it’s in her bladder as well.... should we put her to sleep, or consider surgery.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2492 Recommendations
If it has spread between the kidneys and bladder, surgery would be only a short term fix and may still be unrewarding; it seems that you are unsure of exactly what is going on with Mia and it would be a good idea to speak with your Veterinarian again to hear the diagnosis as many owners forget details given the circumstances (no one likes to hear cancer). Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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